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  • Title: E-Consultation Guide
    Descriptive info: Main Page.. From E-Consultation Guide.. Jump to:.. navigation.. ,.. search.. A guide to e-consultation.. Main Topics.. What is.. e-consultation.. ? (an introduction).. Benefits and costs.. What stakeholders want.. E-Government and Citizen's Participation.. Examples.. of e-consultation in practice.. Participating.. in an e-consultation.. Depth of Engagement.. The Six Consultation Criteria.. Criteria for a Democratic Process.. Criteria for a Deliberative Process.. Engaging participants.. How to participate.. Planning.. an e-consultation.. Consultation.. processes.. Technology.. for e-consultation.. Prepared by the.. E-Consultation Research Project.. First steps for:.. Policy makers.. , commissioning an e-consultation.. Organisers.. , designing  ...   LYIT meeting.. Information Resources.. : what do we know?.. References.. to external resources.. Writing this guide.. Retrieved from ".. http://diversity.. e-consultation.. org/guide/index.. php?title=Main_Page oldid=4024.. ".. Views.. Page.. Discussion.. View source.. History.. Personal tools.. Log in.. Navigation.. Current events.. Recent changes.. Random page.. Help.. Search.. Toolbox.. What links here.. Related changes.. Special pages.. Printable version.. Permanent link.. This page was last modified on 13 December 2008, at 01:24.. This page has been accessed 89,671 times.. Content is available under.. Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.. 0 England Wales.. Privacy policy.. About E-Consultation Guide.. Disclaimers..

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  • Title: E-consultation - E-Consultation Guide
    Descriptive info: E-consultation.. Contents.. 1.. What is public consultation?.. 2.. What is e-consultation?.. 3.. Why e-consultation?.. 4.. Key principles for successful consultation.. 5.. Public consultation can be defined as:.. the dynamic process of dialogue between individuals or groups, based on a genuine exchange of views, and normally with the objective of influencing decisions, policies or programmes of action.. [1].. two-way exchange of information between the Corporation and the public before decisions are made.. It is an open and accountable process allowing individuals and groups to participate in the decision-making process of the Corporation.. [2].. a local attempt to seek the views of a broad constituency of persons.. User involvement is a local attempt to include organized groups of service users in the planning, and occasionally the management, of such services.. [3].. Your Voice is Important to Us.. The definition offered above gives a broad overview as to what constitutes public consultation.. In practice, the variety of forms that public consultation exercises take, vary widely.. In some respects the activities involved are similar to that of traditional research methods, such as surveys typically designed to extract attitudinal, behavioural and demographic information.. Increasingly however, processes of public consultation are involving more open forms of dialogue such as focus groups and citizens juries.. Think about these consultation techniques.. all require some sort of information gathering and communication process and this is where ICTs come in.. The notion that ICTs could, even if they do not as yet, provide tools and frameworks for increasing access and improving the quality of access to government is, however, increasingly accepted.. That ICTs could provide tools that better integrate the citizen into the governing networks through aiding improved consultation and participation of citizens in government is likewise, increasingly the subject of research.. If we consider the wide range of information communication technologies that exist and their capability to collapse time and space, their potential to facilitate your consultation is well worth exploring.. The concept of e-consultation is a relatively new one and concerns the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to enable.. participation.. in public consultation.. According to ofmdfmni.. gov.. uk.. [4].. , e-consultation is.. an online consultation process using the Internet to ask the public their opinion on one or more specific topics and allows for discussion between participants.. E-consultation is the use of electronic computing and communication technologies in consultation processes and is complimentary to existing practices.. E-consultation can be an effective tool in encouraging participation and gathering responses to consultation documents and social policy issues as part  ...   of using e-consultation?.. When is it appropiate to use e-consulation in instead of or in tandem with traditional methods.. to me in using e-consultation and e-technology?.. , a well run E-consultation has the following advantages:.. It enables people to immediately highlight their views.. It enables people to engage in a discussion which may in turn stimulate further ideas.. It reduces the chill factor of responding to consultations in a traditional written format.. According to UK Department of Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, e-consultation can bring a number of benefits.. [5].. , for example:.. the potential to reach, quickly and easily, a wide and diverse audience.. the opportunity for respondents who have little time, to respond interactively to consultations and send their comments on-line, rather than by post.. the opportunity for more informed consultation, by providing access to further information through links to online resources.. the opportunity to filter and analyse responses automatically as they are received electronically.. the opportunity to generate feedback to respondents automatically and to provide them with email alerts when future, similar consultations are launched.. Oliver (2006) from consultationinstitute.. org.. [6].. argues that there are three key principles that determine a successful consultation, and they are:.. Integrity.. Everyone involved should have confidence in the consultor’s motivation and the process, even if they do not necessarily achieve the result they desire.. Visibility is essential to ensure that the process is as accessible to as many stakeholders as possible.. You need to tell people what the consultation is about, what the possible implications/outcomes are and why it is important for them to participate.. Transparency and disclosure obligations are vital (with confidentiality only applying on matters of a personal nature).. Consultors must report on all views and responses received and consultees must openly declare differences of opinion.. It is important that everybody feels that there is a level playing field and that their opinions will be listened to, fairly interpreted and then accurately reflected in the final published document which should be made available to participants in an accessible format.. ↑.. The Consultation Institute: The Consultation Charter 2004.. Waterfront Toronto.. Harrison, S.. and Mort M.. (1998) Which Champions, Which People? Public and User Involvement in Health Care as a Technology of Legitimation.. Social Policy and Administration, Blackwell Publishing.. 32(1), pp.. 60-70(11).. ↑.. 0.. 1.. ofmdfmni.. uk,.. ofmdfmni.. uk/policylink-bulletin-15.. pdf.. UK Department of Business Enterprise and Regulatory Reform.. The Voluntary Arts Network.. php?title=E-consultation oldid=3753.. This page was last modified on 3 April 2008, at 13:59.. This page has been accessed 10,079 times..

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  • Title: Benefits and costs - E-Consultation Guide
    Descriptive info: Benefits.. Benefits of consultation participation in public decision making.. For the consultees.. 2.. For the consulters.. 3.. For public bodies with a requirement to consult.. Benefits of e-consultation.. Cost.. Costs and Benefits.. E-consultation has many potential benefits; people can take part from a place and at a time that suits them.. The opportunity for more transparent, inclusive, democratic participation is attractive to the citizen and the potential for efficiency gains and reduced resource allocation is attractive to consulting bodies, this combined with the driving force of the.. E-government.. agenda have contributed to developments in this area.. Benefits.. Let's look at benefits of consultation, then of e-consultation.. In any consultation process there must be at least two groups – the consulters (those who are seeking the information) and consultees (those from whom the information is being sought).. The process creates an informed, aware, active and involved citizenship.. It has the potential to create socially inclusive and informed decision making structures in the community.. It results in decision making in which reflects the views of the diverse range of interests in the community.. It enhances the provision for diversity and choice through the transmission of information in a variety of media which facilitates people in making informed choices.. It assists to foster a sense of community ownership.. It enhances community control of community destiny.. The absence of consultation and participation creates an environment of imposition and mistrust.. Rumour and hearsay will take precedence over truth.. It provides greater openness, transparency and accountability In doing so, it safeguards against corruption and self interest and strengthens democracy and its processes.. Modern society is complex and it is recognised that Governments and administrations at any level do not have all the answers nor are they expected to have.. Decision makers have a responsibility to ensure that the perspectives they adopt do not have unforeseen unintended consequences such as excluding certain sections of the community.. The contributions of those affected can identify and assist to avoid or overcome:.. Problems, difficulties and roadblocks;.. Unnecessary hardships; and.. Unforeseen consequences.. They assist to develop a partnership approach to decision making.. The consultees are allowed a degree of ownership over the decision being enacted or if the consultation is of a development nature, a degree of input into the final outcomes.. responsive government.. They ensure a focus upon needs defined and outcomes desired by the community.. Improvements in the way services are planned, to give users what they want, and expect.. Help in the prioritisation of services and so make better use of limited resources.. Help to establish performance standards that are relevant to users’ needs (and monitor them.. Fostering a working partnership between users and staff, so both have an opportunity to understand both the problems and opportunities that exist in the way the service is elivered.. To ensure that managers are alerted to problems quickly and have a chance to put things right before they escalate.. To symbolise commitment to be open and accountable: to put the needs of the service user first.. The principle benefits of e-consultation can be divided into three groupings; 1) opportunity of access, 2) the media and the message and 3) speed of response.. The internet is an always on, constantly changing environment which allows any person with suitable technology or access to suitable technology the potential to be part of a consultation process regardless of their circumstances or location.. traditional consultations normally take the form of paper or text based media.. with Information Communication Technologies (ICT) the potential for alternatives is endless as a simple example it is possible to embed audio messages into a webpage to facilitate people who are visually impaired or suffer from literacy problems.. Modern software platforms allow for mobile phones to be used as a consultation platform with the consultee being able to respond by texting or simple button press response.. a key  ...   and allows participants to interact more fully with the consultation.. e-consultation offers the participant to elicit information and seek clarification to queries and to receive feedback in a manner that is more difficult through using traditional consultation mechanisms.. How my organisation will take advantage using technology in consultation?.. Perhaps the best way to view e-consultation techniques in terms of organisational advantages is that modern technologies afford organisations the potential to develop a highly sophisticated communications strategy which.. What are the benefits to my organisation in using e-technology?.. Cost: the cost of some of the traditional consulting methods have grown considerable in recent years.. consider for example the costs associated with a traditional mail campaign, - stationary, postage, and follow-up all add up.. with the electronic equivalent which is e-mail the costs are substantially less.. Speed: with e-mail, delivery is instaneous, with online questionnaire or discussion forums the time between delivery and receipt is also instantaneous.. adaptability: e-consultation offers the potential for a large variety of formats and media depending on whatever criteria is deemed important to meet the needs of the consultees.. Flexibility: with e-consultation tools it is possible to have a multi-stranded e-consultation strategy offers greater control over the consultation exercise.. What are the benefits to me as a consultee of using e-consultation?.. e-consultation offer the e-consultee an opportunity to engage with policy makers and decision makers.. Most, if not all, modern consultation exercises are a two way flow of information and consultations are an opportunity for the consultee to become informed.. At the individual level it allows for people to have their say and make an input in to the decision making process in a manner which is accessible, secure and private.. How does engaging in E-consultation benefit me as a citizen?.. What are the benefits of using E-technologies over more traditional methods?.. Will it cost more or less?.. There are always costs associated with consultation.. The key is to ensure that the expenditure can be viewed in value for money terms.. How much it will cost to purchase/setup a technology for consultation process?.. This is dependent on the scope and scale of the intended consultation process.. At the low cost end of the scale involving an e-mail campaign, there is little or no technology cost other than that of the PC which are in the region of €500 - €1500 and registering with an internet service provider (ISP) at the top-end of the scale, for a sophisticated e-consultation involving multiple methods and software platforms it is possible to spend a significant amount of money.. But as in most things you get what you pay for!.. What is cost to setup an infrastructure to run e-consultation?.. Do I need to go into training course or hire technical consultant to setup a technology?.. Is it single time service from technology provider?.. Are we investing in technology that can be use in future?.. What is the cost of setting up a website.. What are the running costs of an e-consultation.. What are the prices for the relevant software hardware such as web-iq etc.. I normally have a set budget.. will e-consultation be a cost effective option?.. Lack of resources is a big concern for groups in entering any consultations.. How much will it cost in terms of finance, personnel, expertise?.. What costs will I face in order to take part.. What is any savings will i make.. What sort of resources are needed to engage in E-consultations in terms of cost? Where can I find out this type of information?.. How long does it take to.. recruit - support staff? / participants.. Promote.. Translate the process to online.. Set up the technologies? (do I need approval?).. How long should it run for?.. What other tasks?.. Calculating Costs.. php?title=Benefits_and_costs oldid=3814.. This page was last modified on 7 April 2008, at 23:03.. This page has been accessed 8,134 times..

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  • Title: What stakeholders want - E-Consultation Guide
    Descriptive info: Who are the stakeholders?.. Stakeholder's Expectations.. Focus Groups Findings.. It is important to identify all stakeholders before conducting a consultation.. Example of stakeholders: Local Government, Central Government, NGOs, Businesses and all statutory consultees.. Naturally, stakeholders have expectations going into consultation processes.. These include:.. Clear and relevant information on the issue being consulted.. The amount of information offered by the consulter is also an issue.. Too much information, particularly of a technical nature can act as a deterrent to participation.. Resources available to the stakeholder are adequate for participating in the e-consultation.. Consulters must be aware that conducting an e-consultation assumes that participants have access to technolology, as well as the knowledge to use the technology.. Consulters should clarify these issues prior to entering into an e-consultation.. That the consultation is relevant and important.. Too many consultations or consultations on the most trivial subjects significantly impacts on the resources of stakeholders and can ultimately lead to apathy and consultation fatigue.. A clear statement by the consulter on what impact consultation submissions will have on final outcomes.. This is a critical point.. Many times stakeholder have engaged in consultations only to be left with the impression that their views have been ignored or disregarded.. A clear statement of the scope and context of the consultation prior to the beginning of the process can make sure that the expectations of stakeholders can be met and avoid feelings of dissappointment and frustration.. Feedback on submissions.. Many times stakeholders feel that decisions are pre-determined prior to the consultation and that their  ...   was new to that kind of field, right? And what I found was that everyone busted a gut for it, right? Fifteen hour days, people working around the clock for free, they gave up their [time].. you know this was in addition to their normal jobs.. Yeah right… so where did it go? I think we all know the answer.. But there was a sort of a closing off process to that consultation process where the [senior executive] rounded up everyone involved and thanked them and there was one question asked that has always stuck in my mind and it was “Right, what happens all this now?” and that to me is the question, and the answer to the question was “Well, there is nothing we or you can do now, it's with our political masters”.. And that was the answer.. So you know, fair enough that’s grand, three years later there hasn’t been an inch of change [arising from] any of that consultation [process], and you might say “Well, there is budgetary considerations, or time or politics or whatever” but the simple fact is there are repercussions from that consultation that I see on a weekly or monthly basis.. particularly in community workers and that’s where the cynicism is.. We busted a gut! What for? It was a political move, they consulted us for political … political reasons.. Removed to protect confidentiality.. Source: Focus group discussant.. php?title=What_stakeholders_want oldid=3699.. This page was last modified on 28 March 2008, at 15:26.. This page has been accessed 5,598 times..

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  • Title: E-government - E-Consultation Guide
    Descriptive info: E-Government.. E-Government: From Technology-driven to Citizen-driven.. E-Government and the Missing Dimension of Citizen’s Participation.. Local E-Government.. E-Government, digital government or online government is the used of information communication technologies (ICTs) as a platform for exchanging online information, providing services and transacting government business with citizens, businesses, NGOs and other government agencies.. WorldBank, from a relational point of views, defines E-Government as.. to the use by government agencies of information technologies (such as Wide Area Networks, the Internet, and mobile computing) that have the ability to transform relations with citizens, businesses, and other arms of government.. The shift in e-Government policy from being technology-driven towards being citizen-driven takes place in a context of a shift to governance, that is, to including civil society, citizens, and the  ...   more information.. As the implementation of e-Government progressed the development of transactional government on-line was prioritised in the 1990’s.. As research exposed the growing digital divide, belatedly questions of democracy entered the debate.. Increasing access and tackling the digital divide (given the evidence that lack of access to technology in an e-government context could in fact de-democratise) became a growing concern.. An associated democratic question, namely increasing the quality of access and increasing citizen’s participation, likewise found its way onto the e-agenda in the early 2000’s.. Click here for more infomation.. Local E-Government in Northern Ireland.. Local E-Government in Republic of Ireland.. WorldBank.. http://go.. worldbank.. org/M1JHE0Z280.. php?title=E-government oldid=3967.. This page was last modified on 12 May 2008, at 15:01.. This page has been accessed 7,617 times..

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  • Title: Examples - E-Consultation Guide
    Descriptive info: Here are some stories to read.. Each gives an example of e-consultation in practice.. Some are from our own research project in Ireland (North and South), others are from around the world.. E-consultation trials in Ireland.. We helped 3 organizations include e-consultation in their public consultations.. Waterways Ireland.. - putting a conventional consultation online.. The Wheel.. - collecting citizens stories on active citizenship.. North South Exchange Consortium.. (NSEC) - designing a complex consultation.. E-consultation tests in Ireland.. We also are running a few tests of our own on  ...   linking different tools and processes.. Probation Board of Northern Ireland.. - testing the usability of an online map with less literate ex-offenders.. Youth e-consultations at NIYF.. - ongoing action research with young people at the.. NI Youth Forum.. Other examples.. Irish Parliament's pilot eConsultation on the Broadcasting Bill.. The International Centre of Excellence for Local eDemocracy.. Ask Bristol.. Viewfinder video consultation pilot.. Open source eConsultation software.. Donegall Consultation.. php?title=Examples oldid=3838.. This page was last modified on 14 April 2008, at 19:40.. This page has been accessed 5,679 times..

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  • Title: Participating - E-Consultation Guide
    Descriptive info: Engaging Participants.. Participation.. Participation.. as a powerful enhancer of democratic government is certainly very much on the increase, but it behoves us to question the nature and quality of the participation unfolding in any particular policy formulation.. This can be done at the level of the form of participation taking place, that is, is it nominal, instrumental, representative or transformative? What is its objective? Is it for display purposes only? Is it a means to achieving cost effectiveness or local facilities? Is it aiming to give people a voice in determining policies that affect them, or is it both a means and an end to a continuing dynamic empowering people, communities and groups to participate in.. ?.. The definitions of participation vary considerably and one can Early on, that is in the late- 1970’s, the UN Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD) defined the power of participation in transformative terms, where it involved increasing control by the excluded over resources and institutions.. Increasing participation of the excluded in the institutions of power is a potentially radical agenda, but this has been since replaced since the turn of the century by definitions which describe participation as citizens ‘playing a role in the exchange on policy making’, where citizens are ‘partners’ but government holds responsibility and final decision-making powers.. The term ‘participation’ with its ‘feel good’ appeal is a term widely and imprecisely used in Ireland, North and South, for a wide range of citizen involvements in consensual.. While participation is seen as a catch-all descriptor for arrangements made for citizen, business and non-governmental organisation involvement in the formulation of public policy, ‘consultation’ is seen as the central component of the processes put in place to achieve consensus in public affairs between the government and those outside government.. Within this context we now turn to consultation processes themselves, to examine how and why they are constituted, and how we are to measure and evaluate their significance.. Will more people take part than in conventional consultations?.. Not surprisingly, the issue of 'participation' is central to public consultation processes.. From the point of view of consulters, the key feature here is recruitment of participants.. Getting the public or stakeholders to actually engage in consultation can be extremely problematic and a strategy for recruitment must be carefully planned in advance.. Using E-consultation is no guarantee of increasing participation.. Does it help me reach groups who normally don't take part?.. Potentially at least, E-consultation allows the consulter to engage with groups and individuals who normally do not take part in consultation.. This is particularly relevant for groups/ individuals who have difficulty in attending public meetings because of location or simply do not have the time to do so.. However, this is only the potential and in order for this to be realised, a number of  ...   as.. ACTIVE-LINK.. and through 'umbrella' organisations such as.. NICVA.. or the.. Wheel.. [.. nicva.. Northern Ireland Council for Voluntary Action].. At the same time, groups/ individuals could be contacted by post, reaching those that do not have access to E-Technology.. After a short time if number need to be increased a second wave could involve emailing/posting/ advertising 'reminders' to groups, etc.. Lastly, a third wave could mean literally phoning people to remind them to complete the consultation or even offering the option of completing the consultation over the phone.. If possible, a 'help-line' should be available for participants in order to answer any queries or help with technical difficulties.. Is there a target audience?.. What is the appropriate number of particpants in terms of process/ tech?.. What is the critical mass for effective participation?.. Is it possible to identify the degree or type of participation that I will have when I'm engaging in consultation?.. This depends on a number of factors including - your experience in running consultations, how well you know your target audience, the amount of resources available for running the consultation (in terms of financial, technical, personnel).. Should I expect to directly influence outcomes from the process?.. This is the central consideration in consultation.. Throughout the research we have conducted, we have found widespread frustration and even anger amongst participants of cosnsultation processes on this issue.. Routinely, they feel that their input in consultation rarely, if ever, has any influence on final outcomes.. In short, they feel that government or local authorities ask for their opinion because of statutory requirements only.. It is essentially a 'rubber-stamping' exercise, a bid to give legitimacy to decisions that have already been made prior to the consultation.. Many participants we talked to felt that their views are simply not listened to.. Consulters that we have talked to believe that the value of consulting with groups/ public come in the policy-making process and not necessarily the outcomes.. Consultation helps to shape policy and target services, it is rarely about influencing decisions.. Clearly, there is a strong divergence of opinion on the issue of 'participation'.. Expectations of participants may not be met - or from the point of view of the consulters - might be unrealistic.. This can lead to feelings of mistrust, frustration and apathy for participants and critically impact on recruitment for any future consultations.. Does e-Technology make the process more accountable and transparent for me?.. Can e-Technology make access to participation easier?.. Can I use both e-consultation traditional methods?.. How will the nature of my participation change in terms of time, cost, travel?.. OECD (2001) Citizens as partners: Information, Consultation and Public Participation in Policy-making.. Paris: OECD,.. oecd.. org.. php?title=Participating oldid=3921.. This page was last modified on 12 May 2008, at 13:48.. This page has been accessed 5,274 times..

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  • Title: Depth of Engagement - E-Consultation Guide
    Descriptive info: Whilst many of the examples of E-enabled systems found in the literature pay a great deal of attention to facilitating participants in the pursuit of meaningful dialogue around an area of shared significance, when we come to consider the reality of citizen participation in relation to policy- making, we must look through another lens as not all participation activities afford those participating a process that is open and transparent from beginning to end.. In any public consultation, the general objective will be to inform some kind of decision, but the degree to which public participation is likely to have influence is largely dependent on the type of decision to be made.. Jones and Gammell (2004).. offer a classification of the types of decisions that public bodies open to consultation (see Figure I below).. Figure I: Type of Decision to be Informed.. Arnstein (1969).. offers a useful typology for measuring the degrees of power and control between consulting public bodies and their citizenry deemed as ‘levels of participation’.. Eight levels of participation are presented in a ladder formation with each rung corresponding to the level of influence that citizen participation can have on the outcome of a consultation process.. The ladder illustrates participation as a rising scale with incremental levels of citizen empowerment in decision making ranging from cosmetic activities through to full citizen control of the decision- making /planning process.. As the level of participation increases, so too does  ...   the type of participation characterised by Arnstein (1969).. may share a relationship with the type of decision to be informed and ultimately the choice of process to be adopted.. Figure II (shown below) illustrates how the decision type restricts the potential for increased levels of participation.. Decision types at the lowest level of the ladder have not been open to suggestion or deliberation by the public, but may be based on research and internal dialogue.. In terms of depth of citizen engagement, at best they seek approval and at worst they are manipulation.. Decisions of an open-ended nature are less evident in practice.. Whilst the language deployed suggests a potential for a large degree of influence from citizens, delegated power and citizen control are rarely found in practice.. (Click the figure shown below to enlarge it).. Figure II: A useful typology for measuring the degrees of power and control between consulting public bodies and their citizenry deemed as ‘levels of participation’.. Jones R.. and Gammell E.. (2004), White Paper: Was it worth it?—evaluating public stakeholder consultation- London: The Consultation Institute.. Arnstein, S.. R.. July (1969) A Ladder of Citizen Participation.. AIP Journal.. Morison, J.. (2004).. Models of Democracy: from representation to participation? In: D.. Oliver and J.. Owell, eds, Changing Constitution.. 1st edn.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.. 144-170.. php?title=Depth_of_Engagement oldid=4017.. This page was last modified on 21 May 2008, at 11:22.. This page has been accessed 3,138 times..

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  • Title: The Six Consultation Criteria - E-Consultation Guide
    Descriptive info: Foreword by Tony Blair (2004).. Effective consultation is a key part of the policy-making process.. People’s views can help shape policy developments and set the agenda for better public services.. But we also need to make the process of consultation less burdensome and easier for people to engage with.. We have made progress in recent years.. In November 2000, I launched the Code of Practice on Written Consultation, which set out principles for departments to follow.. This has been effective in raising both the quality and quantity of consultation carried out by government.. We consult more extensively now than ever before.. And, in the vast majority of cases, consultation periods are now at least 12 weeks long,enabling more time for responses and more people to be involved.. But there is much more we can do to improve the  ...   public bodies to use it effectively.. Consult widely throughout the process, allowing a minimum of 12 weeks for written consultation at least once during the development of the policy.. Be clear about what your proposals are, who may be affected, what questions are being asked and the timescale for responses.. Ensure that your consultation is clear, concise and widely accessible.. Give feedback regarding the responses received and how the consultation process influenced the policy.. Monitor your department’s effectiveness at consultation, including through the use of a designated consultation co-ordinator.. Ensure your consultation follows better regulation best practice, including carrying out a Regulatory Impact Assessment if appropriate.. Better Regulation Executive (2005) Code of Practice on Consultation.. cabinet-office.. uk/regulation/consultation/code.. htm.. php?title=The_Six_Consultation_Criteria oldid=3979.. This page was last modified on 12 May 2008, at 15:22.. This page has been accessed 1,597 times..

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  • Title: Criteria for a Democratic Process - E-Consultation Guide
    Descriptive info: Criteria for a Demoractic Process.. Dahl famously once asked whether:.. “Within the enormous and often impenetrable thicket of ideas about democracy, is it possible to identify some criteria that a process for governing an association would have to meet in order to satisfy the requirement that all the members are equally entitled to participate in the association's decisions about its policies? There are, I believe, at least five such standards.. ” (Dahl, 1989).. Figure I: Criteria for Demoractic Process.. If Dahl’s model of five criteria for a democratic process is used as a framework to evaluate the processes used in public consultation and assess their democratic capacity, then it would appear that the capabilities of ICTs to open up channels of communication and provide information in an accessible format would be a welcome democratic advance.. Undoubtedly e-enabled initiatives open up  ...   major contemporary justifications of democracy are that it serves numerous contrasting interests by bringing them into debate and decision procedures; that democratic participation enhances autonomy; that, in so doing, democracy is the best form of government for political equity; and that it is the natural form for consent through deliberation.. Democracy is considered to serve welfare, autonomy, equity and agreement and it tends to diffuse power; as a consequence, the corruption of a highly concentrated power elite is inhibited” (Korac-Kakabadse Korac-Kakabadse in Garson, 1999).. Dahl, R.. (1989) Democracy and its Critics, Yale University Press New Haven.. Garson, G.. D.. , (1999).. Information technology and computer applications in public administration : issues and trends.. Hershey, PA, USA ; London: Idea Group Pub.. php?title=Criteria_for_a_Democratic_Process oldid=4022.. This page was last modified on 13 December 2008, at 01:23.. This page has been accessed 3,125 times..

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