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  • Title: The Kafka Project | Home
    Descriptive info: .. Home.. Translations.. Biography.. The Project.. Works.. General Bibliography.. Manuscripts.. Archive.. Search.. Contact us.. Links.. Help for a Paper.. Guestbook.. Sitemap.. A Last Quote.. 2014/02/05 - 06:49.. The Kafka Project.. «Two men were standing behind the grave and were holding a tombstone between them in the air; scarcely had K.. arrived when they thrust the stone into the earth and it stood as if cemented there».. («A Dream»).. Archive of Quotes.. Welcome to the Kafka Project.. The Project was started in 1998 with the purpose of publishing online all Kafka texts in German, according to the manuscripts.. The project is constantly under construction.. This multilingual page is also intended to give scholars and Kafka fans a virtual forum to share opinions, essays and translations.. Every detail of Kafka s world will find its place in this site, which aims to become the central hub for all Kafka-interested users.. Most of the stuff is available through the navigation bar on your left.. Please note that you can get a printer-friendly version.. like this.. at any time by clicking on the print command at the page bottom.. The.. Project page.. introduces you to the corpus of all Kafka works in German, according to the original manuscripts.. Some texts have.. copyright-free translations.. into English and other languages.. A.. biographical sketch.. and a commented.. list of all works.. are available for a quick consultation.. Through the.. manuscript page.. you can experience the concreteness of Kafka's writing in a chapter of.. The Trial.. With the.. general bibliography.. (under construction) you enter the commentary part of the site; new.. articles.. and.. essays.. are announced in the home page, and collected in a dedicated part of the site.. Newly published books.. about Kafka are presented in a separate section.. Our huge.. archive.. includes all past articles and recommended books, and all essays grouped according to the work they refer to.. You can contact the team of the Kafka Project through the.. contact page.. , or simply drop a line in the.. guestbook.. ; a.. search engine.. helps you to retrive a word or a quote from Kafka's work or from the entire site.. And last but not least, do not miss the.. help page.. if you are only looking for a hint in order to get that Kafka paper written!.. New in this issue.. Roots of Kafka's.. Trial.. , a short essay by Gustavo Artiles.. This autumn, the Barbican Centre is hosting Peter Sellars production of Kurtag s Kafka Fragments on 11 November.. Fragments taken from Franz Kafka s letters and diaries have been set for violin and soprano by Hungarian composer Gyorgy Kurtag, and are performed by soprano Dawn Upshaw and violinist Geoff Nuttall against a backdrop photographic images by David Michalek.. The result is an electric and poignant performance of intense musical and visual collaboration.. You can find more information about the event here.. An interesting article appeared in the New Yorker magazine's online Book Bench.. about.. Mark Harman's translation of.. Der Verschollene.. (Schocken 2008) and an exhibit at MOMA.. An essay about.. Ein Hungerkünstler.. by Joan M.. Wolk: «.. Franz Kafka's Ein Hungerkünstler: Metaphor of Conflict.. ».. An essay in Italian by Giorgio Fontana: «.. Odradek e il mondo delle fiabe.. » (in pdf-format).. A new.. translation into English of.. (a.. k.. a.. America.. ).. Thanks to Jeff Nowak for the wonderful effort!.. An English translation of.. «Josephine the Songstress, or The Mouse Folk».. by Phillip Lundberg, from his recently published volume.. «Essential  ...   answer anonymously).. Visit the.. Hall of Fame.. New books in evidence.. Recently published Kafka books are presented here if a copy is sent to the webmaster for evaluation.. Ask for details.. Kafka.. for Our Time: Journeys of Discovery.. Michael Major.. Interpretations of Kafka.. £7.. 99.. The book consists of thought provoking interpretations of 24 Kafka short stories, based around entirely new and modern translations.. Franz Kafka's writings have long been analysed and debated in the academic world, in search of a definitive meaning, through a plethora of interpretations.. This, along with the complex nature of the works themselves, have made Kafka's literature mostly the realm of the academic Intelligentsia and consequently somewhat intellectually intimidating and inaccessible to the general public.. Michael Major breaks through this invisible daunting barrier and offers the common Man access to Kafka, presenting fresh insights into a selection of short stories, inviting the readers to explore their own interpretations, based upon their own personal social experience and cultural background, free from the burden of any prescribed academic school of thought.. Michael Major's original book stems from his own particular experience.. For most of his life he had been unaware of Franz Kafka's literature, much less its literary significance or the high regard it commands.. His introduction to Kafka came purely by chance, when a friend outlined one of Kafka's more notable works, ''Before the Law''.. and from that moment Michael was drawn into the intrigue of his style.. Kafka's mysterious and somewhat confusing prose forced him to contemplate the story and its relevance not only to the characters within, but also to Kafka's life and his own life.. By conceptualising, designing, self-publishing his book, Michael Major sets an example as to how a person can create a worthy cultural piece of work, from inception to completion, all by himself; and he offers hope to a wide range of readers, of any age and background, that high culture is not only the domain of society's cultural elite; it could rather be explored and enjoyed by everyone.. One-way Street and Other Writings.. Walter Benjamin.. Translated by J.. A.. Underwood.. With an Introduction by Amit Chaudhuri.. £10.. 99.. ISBN: 9780141189475.. There has been no more original, no more serious critic and reader in our time George Steiner.. One of the most celebrated intellectuals of the twentieth century Guardian.. Walter Benjamin philosopher, essayist, literary and cultural theorist was one of the most original writers and thinkers of the twentieth century.. This selection brings together Benjamin s major works, including One-way Street , a series of aphoristic observations prompted by urban life in 1920s Europe; Unpacking My Library , a delightful meditation on book-collecting; the confessional Hashish in Marseille ; and The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction , his seminal essay on how technology changes the way we appreciate art.. Also including writings on subjects ranging from Proust to Kafka, violence to surrealism, this is the essential volume on one of the most prescient critical voices of the modern age.. Contents:.. On the Critique of Violence , The Task of the Translator , One-way Street , Hashish in Marseille , Picturing Proust , Surrealism , Unpacking my Library , Brief History of Photography , Franz Kafka and The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.. Archive of recommended books.. Revision: 2011/10/18 - 14:16 - Mauro Nervi.. Top.. Back.. Print.. Tip.. Login.. Copyright 1999-2007 by Mauro Nervi.. Webmaster.. Tel.. : +39-050-993105 Friendly hosted by:.. link.. it..

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  • Title: The Kafka Project | Home
    Descriptive info: 2014/02/05 - 06:50..

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  • Title: The Kafka Project | Translations | Translations of Kafka Texts
    Descriptive info: English.. Italian.. Spanish.. Russian.. Greek.. Portuguese.. Croatian.. Translations of Kafka Texts.. A Work in Progress.. You will.. not.. find.. a complete translation of Kafka's work on this site, nor anywhere on the net.. There is a simple reason for that.. Just like original texts, translations are protected by copyright and cannot be distributed on the net without the translator's permission.. Therefore you will find here only  ...   the left navigation bar you find the languages of the available translations.. Follow the thread and enjoy an expanding corpus of accurate Kafka translations from the original text.. By the way, you can submit translations in any language for publishing on this site.. Send.. them.. with the translator's agreement to publication.. Translations into English are particularly welcome!.. Your Webmaster.. Revision: 2011/01/08 - 00:18 - Mauro Nervi..

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  • Title: The Kafka Project | Biography | Kafka's Life (1883-1924)
    Descriptive info: Kafka s Life (1883-1924).. (Also in.. : see the navigation bar on the left).. FAMILY.. Kafka was born into a middle-class, German-speaking Jewish family in Prague, the capital of Bohemia, a kingdom that was then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.. His father, Hermann Kafka (1852 1931), was described by Kafka himself as a true Kafka in strength, health, appetite, loudness of voice, eloquence, self-satisfaction, worldly dominance, endurance, presence of mind, [and] knowledge of human nature.. Hermann was the fourth child of Jacob Kafka, a butcher, and came to Prague from Osek, a Jewish village near Písek in southern Bohemia.. After working as a traveling sales representative, he established himself as an independent retailer of men s and women s fancy goods and accessories, employing up to 15 people and using a jackdaw (kavka in Czech) as his business logo.. Kafka s mother, Julie (1856 1934), was the daughter of Jakob Löwy, a prosperous brewer in Pod brady, and was better educated than her husband.. Kafka was the eldest of six children.. He had two younger brothers, Georg and Heinrich, who died at the ages of fifteen months and six months, respectively, before Kafka was six, and three younger sisters, Gabriele ( Elli ) (1889 1941), Valerie ( Valli ) (1890 1942), and Ottilie ( Ottla ) (1892 1943).. On business days, both parents were absent from the home.. His mother helped to manage her husband s business and worked in it as much as 12 hours a day.. The children were largely reared by a succession of governesses and servants.. Kafka s sisters were sent with their families to the ód ghetto and died there or in concentration camps.. Ottla is believed to have been sent to the concentration camp at Theresienstadt and then to the death camp at Auschwitz.. EDUCATION.. Kafka learned German as his first language, but he was also almost fluent in Czech.. Later, Kafka also acquired some knowledge of French language and culture; one of his favorite authors was Flaubert.. From 1889 to 1893, he attended the Deutsche Knabenschule, the boys elementary school at the Fleischmarkt (meat market), the street now known as Masná Street in Prague.. His Jewish education was limited to his Bar Mitzvah celebration at 13 and going to the synagogue four times a year with his father.. [5] After elementary school, he was admitted to the rigorous classics-oriented state gymnasium, Altstädter Deutsches Gymnasium, an academic secondary school with eight grade levels, where German was also the language of instruction, at Starom stské nám stí, within the Kinsky Palace in the Old Town.. He completed his Matura exams in 1901.. Admitted to the Charles University of Prague,  ...   show any signs of indifference towards his job, as the several promotions that he received during his career prove that he was a hard working employee.. In parallel, Kafka was also committed to his literary work.. Together with his close friends Max Brod and Felix Weltsch these three were called Der enge Prager Kreis , the close Prague circle.. In 1911, Karl Hermann, spouse of his sister Elli, proposed Kafka collaborate in the operation of an asbestos factory known as Prager Asbestwerke Hermann and Co.. Kafka had to dedicate much of his free time to the business.. During that period, he also found interest and entertainment in the performances of Yiddish theatre, despite the misgivings of even close friends such as Max Brod, who usually supported him in everything else.. Those performances also served as a starting point for his growing relationship with Judaism.. LATER YEARS.. In 1912, at the home of his lifelong friend Max Brod, Kafka met Felice Bauer, who lived in Berlin and worked as a representative for a dictaphone company.. Over the next five years they corresponded a great deal, met occasionally, and twice were engaged to be married.. Their relationship finally ended in 1917.. In 1917, Kafka began to suffer from tuberculosis, which would require frequent convalescence during which he was supported by his family, most notably his sister Ottla.. Despite his fear of being perceived as both physically and mentally repulsive, he impressed others with his boyish, neat, and austere good looks, a quiet and cool demeanor, obvious intelligence and dry sense of humor.. In the early 1920s he developed an intense relationship with Czech journalist and writer Milena Jesenská.. In 1923, he briefly moved to Berlin in the hope of distancing himself from his family s influence to concentrate on his writing.. In Berlin, he lived with Dora Diamant, a 25-year-old kindergarten teacher from an orthodox Jewish family, who was independent enough to have escaped her past in the ghetto.. Dora became his lover, and influenced Kafka s interest in the Talmud.. It is generally agreed that Kafka suffered from clinical depression and social anxiety throughout his entire life.. He also suffered from migraines, insomnia, constipation, boils, and other ailments, all usually brought on by excessive stresses and strains.. He attempted to counteract all of this by a regimen of naturopathic treatments, such as a vegetarian diet.. However, Kafka s tuberculosis worsened; he returned to Prague, then went to a sanatorium near Vienna for treatment, where he died on June 3, 1924.. His body was ultimately brought back to Prague where he was interred on June 11, 1924, in the New Jewish Cemetery in Prague- i kov..

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  • Title: The Kafka Project | The Project
    Descriptive info: Missing (America).. The Castle.. Published Works.. Unpublished Works 1897-1915.. Unpublished Works 1916-1918.. Unpublished Works 1918-1922.. Unpublished Works 1922-1924.. Diaries and Travel Diaries.. Letters.. Office Writings (Amtliche Schriften).. Kafka s Works in German According to the Manuscript.. The main purpose of the Kafka Project is to put at everyone's disposal on the net all literary works and diaries in a philological form.. By clicking on the navigation bar on the left, you can reach every text in a simple and effective way.. The Kafka Project includes so far:.. The critical edition in German of «Missing» («.. »), first published by Brod under the title Amerika ;.. The critical edition in  ...   preferred tale «.. The Judgment.. », the most famous «.. », and «.. », «.. A Country Doctor.. A Hunger Artist.. » a.. m.. o.. The critical edition in German of the.. unpublished manuscripts 1897-1915.. , including the long tales «.. Preparations for a Country Wedding.. » («Hochzeitsvorbereitungen auf dem Lande») and «.. Description of a Struggle.. » («Beschreibung eines Kampfes»), each one in all versions;.. unpublished manuscripts 1916-1918.. , including the octavo books, the essay about the Jewish theatre and the aphorisms;.. unpublished manuscripts 1917/8-1922.. , including the «.. Letter to the Father.. »;.. unpublished manuscripts 1922-1924.. ;.. Diaries.. and Travel Diaries.. according to the order of the manuscript..

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  • Title: The Kafka Project | Works | Kafka's Works
    Descriptive info: Kafka s Works.. Sought out by leading avant-garde publishers, Kafka reluctantly published a few of his writings during his lifetime.. These publications include two sections (1909) from Beschreibung eines Kampfes (1936; Description of a Struggle); Betrachtung (1913; Meditation), a collection of short prose pieces; and other works representative of Kafka s maturity as an artist--The Judgment, a long story written in 1912; two further long stories, Die Verwandlung (1915; Metamorphosis) and In der Strafkolonie (1919; In the Penal Colony); and a collection of short prose, Ein Landarzt (1919; A Country Doctor).. Ein Hungerkünstler (1924; A Hunger Artist), four stories exhibiting the concision and lucidity characteristic of Kafka s late style, had been prepared by the author but did not appear until after his death.. In fact, misgivings about his work caused Kafka before his death to request that all of his unpublished manuscripts be destroyed; his literary executor, Max Brod, disregarded his instructions.. Brod published the novels The Trial, The Castle, and Amerika in 1925, 1926, and 1927, respectively; and a collection of shorter pieces, Beim Bau der chinesischen Mauer (The Great Wall of China), in 1931.. Such early works by Kafka as Description of a Struggle (begun about 1904) and Meditation, though their style is more concretely imaged and their structure more incoherent than that of the later works, are already original in a characteristic way.. The characters in these works fail to establish communication with others; they follow a hidden logic that flouts normal, everyday logic; their world erupts in grotesque incidents and violence.. Each character is only an anguished voice, vainly questing for information and understanding of the world and for a way to believe in his own identity and purpose.. Many of Kafka s fables contain an inscrutable, baffling mixture of the normal and the fantastic, though occasionally the strangeness may be understood as the outcome of a literary or verbal device, as when the delusions of a pathological state are given the status of reality, or the metaphor of a common figure of speech is taken literally.. Thus, in The Judgment, a son unquestioningly commits suicide at the behest of his aged father.. In The Metamorphosis the son wakes up to find himself transformed into a monstrous and repulsive insect; he slowly dies, not only because of his family s shame and its neglect of him but because of his own guilty despair.. Many of the tales are even more unfathomable.. In the Penal Colony presents an officer who demonstrates his devotion to duty by submitting himself to the appalling (and clinically described) mutilations of his own instrument of torture.. This theme, the ambiguity of a task s value and the horror of devotion to it--one of Kafka s constant preoccupations--appears again in A Hunger Artist.. The fable Vor dem Gesetz (1914; Before the Law, later incorporated into The Trial) presents both the inaccessibility of meaning (the law ) and man s tenacious longing for it.. A group of fables written in 1923-24, the last year of Kafka s life, all centre on the individual s vain but undaunted struggle for understanding and security.. Many of the motifs in the short fables recur in the novels.. In Amerika, for example, the boy Karl Rossmann has been sent by his family to America.. There he seeks shelter with a number of father figures.. His innocence and simplicity are everywhere exploited, and a last chapter describes his admission to a dreamworld, the nature-theatre of Oklahoma ; Kafka made a note that Rossmann was ultimately to perish.. In The Trial, Joseph K.. , an able and conscientious bank official  ...   die exhausted by his efforts, but that on his deathbed he was to receive a permit to stay.. There are new elements in this novel; it is tragic, not desolate.. While the majority of Kafka s characters are mere functions, Frieda is a resolute person, calm and matter-of-fact.. gains through her personality some insight into a possible solution of his quest, and when he speaks of her with affection, he seems himself to be breaking through his sense of isolation.. Kafka s stories and novels have provoked a wealth of interpretations.. Brod and Kafka s foremost English translators, Willa and Edwin Muir, viewed the novels as allegories of divine grace.. Existentialists have seen Kafka s environment of guilt and despair as the ground upon which to construct an authentic existence.. Some have seen his neurotic involvement with his father as the heart of his work; others have emphasized the social criticism, the inhumanity of the powerful and their agents, the violence and barbarity that lurk beneath normal routine.. Some have found an imaginative anticipation of totalitarianism in the random and faceless bureaucratic terror of The Trial.. The Surrealists delighted in the persistent intrusions of the absurd.. There is evidence in both the works and the diaries for each of these interpretations, but Kafka s work as a whole transcends them all.. One critic may have put it most accurately when he wrote of the works as open parables whose final meanings can never be rounded off.. But Kafka s oeuvre is also limited.. Each of his works bears the marks of a man suffering in spirit and body, searching desperately, but always inwardly, for meaning, security, self-worth, and a sense of purpose.. Kafka himself looked upon his writing and the creative act it signified as a means of redemption, as a form of prayer through which he might be reconciled to the world or might transcend his negative experience of it.. The lucidly described but inexplicable darkness of his works reveal Kafka s own frustrated personal struggles, but through his powerless characters and the strange incidents that befall them the author achieved a compelling symbolism that more broadly signifies the anxiety and alienation of the 20th-century world itself.. At the time of his death, Kafka was appreciated only by a small literary coterie.. His name and work would not have survived if Max Brod had honoured Kafka s testament--two notes requiring his friend to destroy all unpublished manuscripts and to refrain from republishing the works that had already appeared in print.. Brod took the opposite course, and thus the name and work of Kafka gained worldwide posthumous fame.. This development took place first during the regime of Adolf Hitler, in France and the English-speaking countries--at the very time when Kafka s three sisters were deported and killed in concentration camps.. After 1945 Kafka was rediscovered in Germany and Austria and began to greatly influence German literature.. By the 1960s, this influence extended even to the intellectual, literary, and political life of Communist Czechoslovakia.. Novels (all published posthumously).. Der Prozess (1925; The Trial); Das Schloss (1926; The Castle); Amerika (1927)--all translated by Willa and Edwin Muir.. Stories.. Betrachtung (1913; Meditation in In the Penal Settlement: Tales and Short Prose Works); Das Urteil (1916; The Sentence, also trans.. as The Judgment); Die Verwandlung (1915; Metamorphosis in Metamorphosis and Other Stories); In der Strafkolonie (1919; In the Penal Colony in Metamorphosis and Other Stories); Ein Landarzt (1919; A Country Doctor); Beim Bau der chinesischen Mauer (published posthumously, 1931; The Great Wall of China in Description of a Struggle and The Great Wall of China)..

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  • Title: The Kafka Project | Manuscripts | An example from The Trial's MS
    Descriptive info: An example from The Trial s MS.. Kafka s Writing in Crystal Clear Scans.. From «Der Process»: Chapter Im Dom.. You find.. the transcription of this manuscript.. Page 1.. Page 2.. Page 3.. Page 4.. Page 5.. Page 6.. Page 7.. Page 8.. Page 9.. Page 10.. Page 11.. Page 12.. Page 13.. Page 14.. Page 15.. Page 16.. Page 17.. Page 18.. Page 19.. Page 20.. Page 21.. Page 22.. Page 23.. Page 24.. Page 25.. Page 26.. Page 27.. Page 28.. Page 29.. Page 30.. Revision: 2011/05/21 - 10:39 - Mauro Nervi..

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  • Title: The Kafka Project | Archive | The Archive of the Kafka Project
    Descriptive info: Articles.. Essays.. Recommended Books.. The Archive of the Kafka Project.. This section includes the Archive of the Kafka Project.. You find here.. randomized articles.. , and a large collection of.. distributed in several categories (essentially with reference to the concerned Kafka text).. Moreover.. recommended books.. from past updates are collected here, and the.. of our Trivia.. Please follow the left navigation bar to access the Archive!..

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  • Title: The Kafka Project | Search
    Descriptive info: 2014/02/05 - 06:51.. Search for a word in Kafka s works!.. You can search through the site and through the whole of Kafka's work (excepting the letters) by filling in the following form:..

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  • Title: The Kafka Project | Contact us
    Descriptive info: Please contact us by filling in the following form:.. [Momentarily disabled].. To contact the Webmaster, please send an email to mauronervi at tin.. it (remove )..

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  • Title: The Kafka Project | Links | Links, Newsgroups, ICQ…… all about Kafka!
    Descriptive info: Links, Newsgroups, ICQ all about Kafka!.. There are a lot of Kafka resources on the net, but not everything is worth looking at.. The most complete and updated collection of links is probably on the page by.. Detlef Wilske.. Moreover, on some public newsservers (e.. g.. java.. CS.. Uni-Magdeburg.. De.. ) you can subscribe the only newsgroup devoted to Kafka:.. humanities.. lit.. authors.. franz-kafka.. ICQ.. is a very useful, totally free resource to bring us in contact.. ICQ users find.. their ICQ list about Kafka.. My ICQ number is 1154936.. Some other links have very interesting resources:.. Kafka Society of America.. is exclusively devoted to scholarly exchange in the field of international Kafka studies.. Oxford Kafka Research Center.. ,  ...   Kafka Kring, one of the most important Kafka groups in Europe.. Das Polnische Kafka-Vortal.. : an interesting Kafka-site with many informations, unfortunately in Polish at a great extent.. However, you can find many German pages in it.. The webmaster Konrad Kurzacz (also an Author of the Kafka Project) has to be encouraged in this nice contribution.. Journeys of Franz Kafka.. : a photographic project by Jan Jindra.. Franz Kafka: Das Schloss.. : A novel, well drawn site.. A promising contribution.. Institut für Textkritik.. : The scientific institute for the publication of the HKA.. Die Kritische Kafka Ausgabe.. : The site of the KKA, historical challenge of S.. Fischer Verlag.. Franz Kafka in L.. ü.. beck.. : an interesting historical reconstruction..

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