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    Archived pages: 88 . Archive date: 2014-11.

  • Title: Entwicklungshilfe - Kaule e.V. – Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects
    Descriptive info: .. Navigation.. Inhalt.. Search.. Deutsche Version.. |.. Newsletter.. Photos.. RSS Newsfeed.. Start.. Entwicklungshilfe - Kaule e.. V.. Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects.. Kaule e.. nachhaltig wirken.. The Organisation.. A Holistic Concept Fair to Nature and to Humankind.. Premises and Objectives.. Members of the Organisation and Sponsors.. Statute of the Organization.. Imprint.. Project Kaule, Nepal.. Nepal.. The village Kaule.. Project objectives.. Project Planning Kaule.. Training Report of Agroforestry Training.. Links.. Donations.. Contact.. Newsletter.. Categories.. Generic.. In Kaule / Nepal.. Media Reports.. Partner and facilitator.. , an Organisation for Socially Sustainable Agro-Projects was founded in November 2007 to advocate agricultural projects in developing countries.. Our Current Project.. The pilot project is actively being built and sustained in Kaule, Nepal.. Currently, two thirds of the financial support is provided by two trusts, Ein Körnchen Reis and Action5 , with one third being provided by private donations.. By means of the organisation s website and lectures we regularly inform the public about the situation and development in Kaule.. In doing so the organsisation attaches particular importance to public relations and the  ...   and adding to a stronger whole.. Our team includes biologists, educators, computer scientists, urban planners, architects, and linguists with the goal of advocating and supporting the agroforestry project in Kaule, Nepal, as well as further socially and economically sustainable agricultural projects.. The diversified skills and experiences of the members of.. offers an ideal platform for a multisided, qualified approach to and realisation of its projects.. The differentiated characterisation of the organisation s structure and aims are further elucidated in the articles of the organisation.. Kuale e.. , an Organization for Socially Sustainable Agro-Projects was founded in November 2007 to advocate agricultural projects in developing countries.. Currently, two thirds of the financial support is provided two trusts, Ein Körnchen Reisby and Action5 , with one third being provided by private donations.. The differentiated characterisation of the organisation s structure and aims arer further elucidated in the articles of the organization.. Read more.. Friends.. AG Biogeography, Institute of Geography, University of Hamburg.. online.. Kaule on facebook.. Partner / Cooperation.. - Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects uses.. WordPress.. Entries (RSS)..

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  • Title: A Holistic Concept – Fair to Nature and to Humankind – Kaule e.V. – Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects
    Descriptive info: A Holistic Concept Fair to Nature and to Humankind Kaule e.. The members of our association are certain that in today’s world any change, wherever it might occur, has to be implemented from a holistic angle to be efficient.. Therefore, a development project today has to be planned, carried through, and long-term accompanied in a holistic way.. Possible influences and effects which result from our efforts as well as those from the outside world should be taken into account during the planning stage.. We believe what the two professors for business studies Dietrich von der Oelsnitz and Jürgen Weibler (for a slightly different concept) stipulated in 2005 in the preface to their textbook series on management,.. Organisation and Management.. 1.. , is true: the problems which we encounter within thinking (about) and enacting (in organisations), do not carry interdisciplinary labels.. Core capabilities and combined knowledge.. as rich Pool of Experience.. This title implies that our association is composed by people from diverse backgrounds such as new and seasoned biologists, agricultural scientists, sociologists, linguists, economists, urban planners, IT-professionals and others.. Each of them bring their practical and theoretical professional competencies as well as their own life experience into the shared project work of the  ...   manifest in the form of our current project in Kaule, Nepal.. Everybody is very welcome to join our association if interested and/or to support the project with their own profession and experience.. We need everything, but do not need to do everything on our own.. as a valuable partner amongst international partners.. is very active in formulating its project goals and implementing its projects.. It is actively looking for cooperation with other existing projects and organisations, which are working on-site in similar or related areas.. Furthermore, the evaluation of progress on the basis of scientific documentation concerning the ecological and socioeconomic development goals is a essential part of the association.. With it we support and improve our methods as well as a stable help network for the relevant farmers and the local people.. The same (Ed.. ): Preface to the Series Organisation Management, Publisher W.. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2005 et seqq.. To the necessary interdisciplinary, holistic approach and discussion of the different current ecological and socioeconomic processes of change focussing mainly on sustainability also compare the book series Forum for Responsibility published by Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, Frankfurt on the Main, edited by Klaus Wiegandt et al.. , Foundation Forum for Responsibility, 2006 et seqq..

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  • Title: Premises and Objectives – Kaule e.V. – Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects
    Descriptive info: Premises and Objectives Kaule e.. Global Objective.. Our goal is the support of socially sustainable Agro-Projects in developing countries.. Here, the association focuses on the social, economical and ecological aspects of such projects.. Sustainability refers to the conservation of resources in order to guarantee the preservation of a system for the benefit of following generations.. With this in mind we want to offer the participating farmers materials and knowledge, which they can pass on to neighbours and surrounding communities.. Support for the association is carried out by means of financial promotion of on-site information, awareness training, and collecting donations in Germany.. Secondary Goals.. Environment.. The Agro-Projects are conducive to the preservation of habitats and the protection of the environment.. Measures include growing only local plant species to preserve the natural habitat, and/or the co-planting of species that symbiotically support and improve growth.. As the number of plant species increases, so does the number of animal species (including birds, insects, and rodents), enriching the environment and considerable improving the income of local farmers.. In addition, permanent and area-wide planting using these methods counteracts soil erosion as well as reducing water pollution from artificial fertilizer, further protecting the environment from increasing harm.. Economy.. A higher diversity of economic plants brings about a larger variety of crops and thus a broader market offer.. Furthermore, through the different harvest times of the individual plants the farmer has a longer harvest season.. The combination of different plant species protects the plants better against bugs and harvest  ...   thereby obtain an independent source of income, which allows them to better care for their social concerns.. Traditional inheritance sharing of an estate leads to a diminishment of the agricultural areas of each family from generation to generation and thereby to a reduction of their respective crop yields.. This adds to the destitution of the rural population and leads to an increasing number of people migrating to the cities, where the mostly destitute migrants settle in uncontrolled growing marginal colonies.. Unfortunately, the desire for improved living conditions does not come true in most cases.. On the contrary, they often intensify the social and economic problems of the country.. Through alternative means of cultivation, and an assurance of the farmer’s maintenance, we want to counteract this trend.. Furthermore, the continued cultivation of medical plants, as well as culturally and religiously meaningful plants, will be advocated, supporting the preservation of traditional rites and strengthening the people in their identity.. Research and Development.. Eventually, alongside the farmers, research and development work will also profit from our project.. Since the beginning of our commitment we have been working close together with native scientists and specialists.. We attach importance to the scientific documentation of our work, which we want to publish later on in an academic journal.. Thus, our experience is supposed to be also used internationally.. In the long run, we understand our commitment as helping people to help themselves, so that in the future it is possible to regionally and independently practice sustainable agriculture..

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  • Title: Members of the Organisation and Sponsors – Kaule e.V. – Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects
    Descriptive info: Members of the Organisation and Sponsors Kaule e.. Executive board.. Patrick Joisten.. , Educationist and social worker with Economics Chairman.. Alina Schick.. , MSc in biology, reading for Phd in Agronomy Deputy Chairman and Project Coordinator.. Aurelia Herder.. , Agronomy Studies Deputy Chairman and Treasury.. Active members of the Association.. Andreas Bohlus, Bus company contractor.. Bartosz Fronczak, Tattooer.. Bianca Bauch.. , MSc in Biology, reading for Phd in Biology.. Caroline Louise Imiela.. , Teacher (German and Biology) Leading student groups on information and project management.. Christine Ellen, Architect and Urban Planner.. Christian Klöckner, Research assistant at University of Bonn.. Daniel Reimers, Graduate Engineer aerotechnics, Aviator.. Demet Celik, Teacher Trainee Romance studies, Romance studies, German studies, German as foreign language.. Eva Schmall, Placement officer.. Guido Steinacker, IT Project Developer.. Harald Kampen.. , Web-Developer Website creation and maintenance.. Inge Halberstadt-Kausch, Lab Assistant, Communal Politician.. Julian Baller, Student of Sociology and Cultural Studies.. Karin Puttkammer.. , Foreign Language Secretary, Website maintenance.. Karl Schick, Superintendent i.. R.. , and Vera Schick, Administrative officer.. Katrin Fritzsch, Phd in Biology.. Klaus Busse.. , Phd in Biology, Cash Auditor.. Lars Gerlitz.. , Student of Geography.. Marek Stawomir Grzywacz, Graduate in Business Administration.. Marie Ulrich.. , Teacher on probation.. Markus van de Sand.. , MSc Biology, Exhibitions and Media PR.. Michael Schmall, Chief Agent.. Niels Schwab, Student of Geography.. Raffael Ernst.. , Phd in Biology, postdoc.. Stefan Lampadius, Movie and TV actor and Filmmaker.. Sylvie Tiesler.. , Account Manager, Translations.. Vera Schick, Administration Secretary.. Sponsors.. Badri Rai, Kathmandu/Nepal, MA in Political Science, Program Director of the Voluntary Organisation Hands For Help Nepal.. Pramila Parajuli, Kathmandu/Nepal, Biologist, translations from and to Nepali-English.. Ritesh Kharel, Kathmandu/Nepal, Businessman, help with organising in Nepal.. Jennifer Lux, administrator in human resources, sustaining member.. Martin Kämper, Graduate Engineer, mapping.. Stefanie Meyer-Haake, M.. A.. in English and Communication, translations from and to German-English.. Bhupendra Ghimire, Educationalist, Program Director of the Voluntary Organisation VIN.. Members.. I grew up in Bonn and also did my degree in Biology here.. After my studies, I worked for the OECD in Paris as a Consultant in the department of agriculture, nutrition and fishery.. One year later, in 2006, I decided to go to Nepal as a volunteer.. It was my first time in Kaule and I quickly became acquainted with the local farmers.. I gained precious insights into their life situation.. I noticed at that time that there is a good opportunity to permanently help people using relatively few resources.. Since this time, more and more people have shown interest and gathered both in Nepal and in Germany and they want to contribute and offer their help.. I derive great satisfaction from working with the farmers in Nepal and I look forward to positive results.. Apart from the practical set up and implementation of the project, it is important for me that the process and the results are scientifically documented, in order to be available for other projects in the future.. For this reason, I decided to measure indicators such as soil quality, bio diversity, farmers’ labour time, income and expenses.. Data will be evaluated and represented in a research paper.. Demet Celik.. My name is Demet Celik.. Being a teaching profession student (Romance languages and literature, German studies, supplementary course of studies German as a foreign language) at the Friedrich-Wilhelm University in Bonn, I got in contact with the association through my old friend Alina Schick, who also manages the Kaule project.. Since I have always been interested in natural sciences, particularly in biology, and in social projects, the project in Kaule convinced me and I decided to participate in the association.. So far, I have never regretted this.. We are always happy about new interested and committed members.. And if you have any questions, please feel free to contact me.. My name is Patrick Joisten.. I was born on October 15, 1971 in Krefeld on the Rhine, but ever since I was two, I have lived in Cologne, or respectively for a short while very close to Cologne.. I am a special education teacher (teaching profession, 1st state examination sec.. II), have worked for three years as a social worker/integration companion in the vocational (re-)integration according to the SGB (Social Security Code) II, XII and IX.. Additionally, I currently aim to graduate in social management from the University of Bonn, which is an extra-occupational post graduate master degree.. So far, I have gained experience through volunteer work with the parish youth, managing local sports events, a running club and the social committee, all of which I am trying to effectively bring in to the association.. My main focus of interest and key activities lie with sustainable and permanent changes of society within the different fundamental areas of life of all people.. Dr.. My name is Klaus Busse, I  ...   however with a founded basis.. We work in an interdisciplinary team and collect results from which also we can benefit in Western Europe, also with regards to our increasing need for fair trade products.. Apart from my task to provide infomedia, I would also gladly contribute to creating materials required for training purposes for the farmers of our projects.. My name is Aurelia Herder and I am part of the group responsible for the project planning.. I was born on April 14th, 1988 in Freiburg im Breisgau and therefore the “pet of the Kaule family.. At the age of 12, my family moved to Barcelona, Spain and I finished college there in 2006.. Then I worked for six months on a horse farm as Riding instructor for children and for handicapped people.. After that, I spent half a year in New Zealand, where I worked amongst other things for “WWOOF” (World Wide Opportunities on Organical farm).. Since 2007, I have studied agricultural sciences in Bonn.. I would like to give farmers the possibility to learn how to develop their agriculture so that they can make a comfortable living from it and have enough resources to be able to offer suitable education to their children whilst retaining their traditions and above all their natural environment at the same time.. I am pleased to get to know a new country through this project, and in addition to have the possibility to apply the theoretical knowledge of my studies and learn many new and interesting things.. Bio Sketch: born 1975 in Bad Hersfeld, Germany.. From 1997 – 2006 Studies in biology (focus Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology) Universities of Mainz, Marburg and Würzburg.. MSc.. PhD received from the Department of Animal Ecology and Tropical Biology, University of Würzburg.. Scientific volunteer at the Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum Stuttgart.. Currently scientific assistant at the Department of Biodiversity Dynamics, TU Berlin.. … I may not have gone where I intended to go, but I think I have ended up where I needed to be.. (Douglas Adams).. an autumn weekend with a good friend (Kaule’s Media PR representative Markus van de Sand) somewhere in the middle of nowhere (more precisely the Brandenburgian Uckermark) and an idea was born.. Well, the actual idea had been born already but I decided to get involved in something that I felt was worth spending energy and time on.. Having worked on the impacts of anthropogenic disturbances on amphibian communities in tropical Africa and South America over the past few years, changing the biome just seemed to be a logical next step.. This, in addition to the overall concept of the Kaule project was what got me hooked in the first place.. Even though I am pretty much of a.. newcomer.. to the project, I hope that my research background has prepared me to be an active and productive member of.. and I am excited about making immediate contributions to the team.. My research, in its most general sense, seeks to elucidate and understand the origin, maintenance, and consequences of biological diversity within and between local biological communities across different gradients (spatial, habitat, and disturbance).. The ultimate goal is to reach a more profound understanding of ecosystem processes at large scales and to improve the effectiveness of current ecosystem management strategies.. Kaule provides an ideal setting for testing some of the core hypothesis that lie at the heart of this research and moreover the project represents a stimulating platform that will put me in the position to actually take a look beyond my small ecologist’s horizon.. … You live and learn.. At any rate, you live….. (Douglas Adams, again).. My name is Marie Ulrich and in the picture you can see me sitting in the midst of the fields of Kaule.. For I have gotten to know the project at first hand on site as a volunteer and have seen how important it is to support the people there and show them the necessity to operate sustainably.. Until my trip to Nepal in 2009 I studied German philology, geography and philosophy to obtain a Master’s degree and also to become a teacher at the University of Regensburg.. After my return from Nepal I will be a trainee teacher.. Giving English lessons to the farmers in Kaule has sparked my wish to work practically as a teacher prior to doing my PhD.. I was born in Bonn, with a view to the Rhine, but for some years I have been living with a view to the Danube.. Therefore, I would like to make Kaule known to people who live by the Danube and show how important it is to help in this way.. Furthermore, I hope to be able to convey this missio to serve to my future pupils.. Jennifer Lux..

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  • Title: Statute of the Organization – Kaule e.V. – Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects
    Descriptive info: Statute of the Organization Kaule e.. – “Organization for socially sustainable Agro Projects”.. §1 Name, Registry and Business Year.. The organization operates under the name.. – Organization for socially sustainable Agro Projects, in the following called organization.. 2.. The organization has it’s seat in Cologne/Germany and is put down at the local court of Cologne.. 3.. The business year is the calendar year.. §2 Aims and Duties.. The purpose of the organization is the support of agricultural projects in developing countries.. Besides, the organization can realize its tax-preferred purposes immediately itself.. This happens in particular by the following measures and activities:.. Middle procurement in particular by contributions and donations.. Realization and support of self sustainable regional projects which serve to change customary, but ecologically, socially or economically ineffective agricultural systems into economically independent and healthy ,ecologically lasting ways of cultivation according to modern critically-scientific agronomy.. This is to be realized by concrete planning, conversion and care of the respective projects in the project countries.. Education, i.. the procurement and supply of scientific and media related presentation, and spreading of information on the subject of development and use of economically, socially and ecologically healthy and lasting agriculture, particularly in developing countries.. This should happen specifically by events, information leaflets, as well as via our homepage and press work/public relations in Germany and in the respective project countries.. Advancement and critical control of scientific, social, cultural and juridical questions in connection with the introduction of sustainable agricultural systems in developing countries, e.. by expertises, studies and assignment of scholarships.. §3 Purpose and Object.. The organization pursues exclusively and directly charitable and benevolent goals according to the segment about tax beneficiary purposes in the German Tax Law.. The organization is unselfishly active; it does not pursue primarily own-economic goals.. Means of the organization may be used only for the purposes according to statute.. Any profits are to be supplied within the scope that is permissible for a non-profit organization to a reserve which may be used only for the protection and fulfilment of the organization’s purpose.. No person may be favoured by any expenses which are different to the purpose of the organization or by any unreasonably high reimbursements.. To the purpose of the organization serving expenses can be refunded by organizational means.. Such expenses can contain, e.. travel expenses to and catering expenses in the respective project countries.. The organization’s members receive no profit shares and in their quality as members no other allowances from means of the association either.. With their elimination from the organization they receive no means.. §4 Membership.. Member can become any natural or legal person.. Active members can become any natural and legal person who would like to co-operate actively in the organization or one of it’s projects promoted.. Supportive members can become any natural and legal person who would like to support the organization or one of its projects promoted by a regular membership fee, in addition renounces, however, the rights of the duly-arranged membership (according to §9).. This concerning it requires an explicit affidavit.. Sponsors who have made themselves deserving in special way around the organization or it’s goals can be appointed the honorary membership.. A decision of the meeting of the members is necessary for this.. §5 Rights and Duties of the Members.. The members are entitled to take part in all offered events of the organization.. Furthermore, they have the right to hand in requests to the board of the organization and the meeting of the members.. The members are obliged to support the organization and it’s purpose – also in public – in proper manner as well as to pay the membership fee according to the valid contribution order (§7) regularly and on time.. Moreover, they are obliged to inform the organization about changes of the postal address, e-mail address and bank details.. Every member owns the right to vote and to stand for elections as well as the right of proposals and speech on meetings of the members.. Honorary members are exempted from membership fees and have no rights to vote, but otherwise have the same rights and duties as every member.. § 6 Beginning and End of the Membership.. The membership must be applied for in writing to the board of the organization.. The board decides with simple majority of votes on the application for admission.. The board is not obliged to inform the applicant of the reasons for this in the case of a refusal.. The  ...   unplanned meeting of the members immediately and under precise indication of reasons if it requires the interest of the organization or if at least 10% of the members this asks in writing under specification of the purpose and the reasons from the executive board.. Decisions of the meeting of the members are to be made in a protocol within one week after the meeting of the members to the members accessible.. It becomes valid if within a next week no objection is raised.. § 10 Right to vote/Quorum.. Every member has a voice at votes.. The right to vote can be transferred on another member, provided that this is explained in writing by the not present member.. Every properly called up meeting of the members has a quorum if 50% of the members are present and provided that affairs of the statute change and resolution of the association are not on the agenda.. The meeting of the members makes it’s decisions with simple majority of the given votes of the present members eligible to vote.. With parity of votes the made application is valid as refused.. § 11 Executive board.. The executive board consists of 3 members elected by the meeting of the members and the choice of the chairperson happening in an own ballot.. The other members of the executive board are chosen in an electorial system.. The assignments, e.. treasurer, minute taking secretary are distributed within the executive board.. The allocation of duties is to be told to the members.. The choice of the chairperson follows with absolute majority of the present members eligible to vote.. If this has not followed in the first ballot, a second becomes necessary with which the simple majority is sufficient.. With the electoral system the simple majority decides.. The executive board is elected for two years and consists as follows:.. a chairperson and spokesperson.. two other and deputy chairpersons.. The choice of the new executive board has to follow at the latest 30 days before the end of the term of office.. Insight into the work of the acting executive board is to be given to the new executive board elective in order to guarantee a proper handing over.. Executive board for the purposes of §26 BGB German Civil Code are the members of the executive board.. The executive board presents an agenda for the work of the executive board to the meeting of the members for adoption of resolution.. Two executive boards represent together the organization.. The executive board decides with simple majority of votes.. The executive board has a quorum if more than half of it’s members take part in the vote.. With parity of votes the application is to be regarded as refused.. Decisions of the executive board are laid down in a meeting protocol.. This protocol has to be made accessible to the members at the latest one week after the resolution.. If a member of the executive board resigns, a meeting of the members on which a new board member has to be elected is to be called up for the next possible occasion.. §12 Treasurer.. A treasurer has to be chosen by the annual meeting of the members, furthermore, for the duration of one year.. The treasurer has the assignment to check all invoice documents as well as their proper declaration in the books about appropriate use for purposes in the concerning year, to ascertain the statutory and in terms of taxes correct use in particular.. The audit does not apply to an assessment about the effectiveness of the effected expenses.. The treasurer has to inform the meeting of the members about the result of the cash audit.. The treasurer may belong neither to the executive board nor a committee appointed by the executive board and shall not be an employee of the organization.. §13 Break-up of the organization.. With a break-up of the organization or discontinuation of tax-preferred purposes, the remaining activity of the organization if applicable will be transferred to Diakonieverein, Nostra Verbundwerkstatt e.. , Kartäusergasse.. 9-11, D 50678 Cologne/Germany which has to use it directly and exclusively for charitable purposes.. As liquidators the representation-entitled board members in office shall be determined, as far as the meeting of the members decides nothing else finally.. Resolution.. This statute has been decided in the foundation meeting on the 30.. 1.. 2007.. Present: Dr.. Klaus Busse, Demet Celik, Christine Ellen, Christoph Hansen, Caroline Imiela, Patrick Joisten, Björn von Reumont, Alina Schick, Guido Steinacker (founding members)..

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  • Title: Imprint – Kaule e.V. – Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects
    Descriptive info: Imprint Kaule e.. Notice of liability:.. Whilst all care is given, we cannot assume any liability for the content of the linked pages.. Buchholzstr.. 38.. D- 51061 Köln/Germany.. email: kaule-ev@web.. de.. Internet: www.. kaue-ev.. org.. Executive board: Alina Schick, Demet Celik, Patrick Joisten.. District Court of Cologne, register number: VR 15793..

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  • Title: Project Kaule, Nepal – Kaule e.V. – Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects
    Descriptive info: Project Kaule, Nepal Kaule e.. Photos.. Provision of training and support to farmers in Kaule, Nepal in order to help transition from common terrace farming to Agroforestry.. Project description.. Kaule is situated in Okharpauwa VDC at the border between the Kathmandu and Nuvakot districts.. The common farming method here is terrace farming, and farmers have created small terraces which offer room for a very limited selection of crops; typically maize, millet and rice.. The terraces are irrigated artificially through the redirection of natural water currents.. The current form of terrace farming exposes the area to serious threats.. Soil erosion, water pollution, and a depletion of the botanical and zoological species seriously jeopardize the ecological balance of the hilly landscapes around Kathmandu.. From an economic point of view, due to the small terrace size, the amount of harvested goods is limited and therefore barely allows farmers to make a living.. Only growing a few species of crops makes the fields, and thus the farmers’ living base, more vulnerable to insects, plant diseases, and natural disasters like tempests or draught.. Traditional farming is a physically demanding and time consuming task without any use of modern technology.. Despite farmer’s efforts, their income only barely covers basic needs.. Local families cannot afford health care or primary education, let alone higher education for their children.. Start of Project: The First Part.. In 1994, the Nepalese Biologist Kamal Ray offered training and material to farmers, in order to allow them to switch from terrace farming to the so-called Agroforestry, (hereafter AF), an alternative system that is based on the cultivation of a mix of local plants and crops.. AF was new and unknown to the farmers.. They first reacted with mistrust and did not recognise the advantages of a project which requires three to five years for the system change to be complete.. As their income would not be guaranteed during this period, most of the ten families that had been initially interested quit the project.. At the time this risk could not be avoided.. Only one farmer, Jush Ram Tamang and his family changed to AF and stayed with it until they became self-sufficient.. The family has been using AF ever since and their income is now clearly above their neighbours’, who continue to make a living from using  ...   plants attracts more animals, i.. insects, birds and rodents.. Fish ponds are included in the system which provide a further food source to the farmers and the soil, and natural fertilizers such as processed buffalo dung are used instead of artificial ones.. This way, Af creates an ecosystem which compared to the currently prevailing terrace farming is much more stable, independent and sustainable.. From an economic point of view, the great variety of the plants and their different cycles means farmers have an extended harvest period and this consolidates their income further.. This way, AF creates an ecosystem which, compared to the currently prevailing terrace farming, is much more stable, sustainable, and independent.. From an economic point of view, the great variety of the plants and their different cycles means farmers have an extended harvest period and this improves their income.. What the Future Holds: Next Steps.. Nowadays, Jush Ram Tamang’s neighbours are highly motivated to change to Agroforestry.. At present, as many as fifteen farmers are committed to take part in the project which will be run on 3.. 52 ha of farm land.. They will need material and training which they receive from our association and local business partners.. With this help we aim for the local farmers to become autonomous and to convert more farmers in surrounding areas to the new method.. Current project members are to expected to be an example and to share their experience and knowledge.. Teamwork and mutual support will help protect against the financial risks in the first years of the project.. People in Kaule live together in a community spirit and they provide support for each other.. Micro-credits, small loans at very low interest, are another means to provide financial resources.. They have become popular in NICs (newly industrialised countries) in recent years and are allocated by several banks for development.. The strong value of the Euro and Dollar in Nepal does in principle allow effective intervention with comparatively small funds.. It is however clearly not our intention to provide the farmers’ income during the project.. Farmers involved in the project are aware and will need to be ready to deal with difficulties involved with changing to the new farming system will bring about, and how to overcome them with our support.. Agroforestry in brief..

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  • Title: Nepal – Kaule e.V. – Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects
    Descriptive info: Nepal Kaule e.. Situation and Topography.. Nepal is nestling between the two big powers India and China.. It stretches along the southern part of the Himalayas massif over a length of 800km and a width of 150 – 250km.. Eight of the world’s ten highest mountains are located in Nepal and 40% of the country’s total land area is situated more than 3,000m above sea level, which makes it on average the country with the highest altitude worldwide.. The country consists of three topographic and climatic zones:.. The tropical plains is located in the South of the Ganges lowlands.. Although this area only comes to 14% of the total land area, 47% of the population lives there.. The fertile soil offers favourable conditions for agriculture.. The low mountain range forms the transition of the lowlands to the Himalayas up to a hight of 4,000m above sea level.. Embedded there are the valleys, which have been populated for thousands of years and among which the fertile Kathmandu Valley is the best-known.. This region constitutes 30% of the total land area with a share of the population of 45%.. The high mountain region of the Himalayas is regarded as a very inhospitable zone, which is why only 8%  ...   has 28,901,790 inhabitants (2007) and a rate of economic growth of 2.. 132% (2007).. Out of those people only 15% live in the cities (in comparison to that the global level of urbanisation lies at 50%), however the growth rate is very high at 3.. 5%, which is due to the conditions in the country becoming more and more difficult.. Agriculture holds an important role, as two quarters of the population earn their living out of it.. Yet, this sector only constitutes 38% of the gross national product, in contrast to the tertiary sector, where only 6% of the people earn their money, but which accounts for 20% of the gross national product.. The agrarian poverty is a huge problem in Nepal, because environmental influences such as floodings, erosion and especially landslides severely affect the primary sector.. In the year 2004, 30.. 9% of the Nepalese were living below the national poverty line.. The bigger part of the population, about 80.. 6%, are Hindus, followed by the Buddhists with 10.. 7%, the Muslims with 4.. 2% and 4.. 5% of other beliefs.. Until 2006, Nepal was the only country where Hinduism was declared state religion.. References.. CIA The World Factbook Nepal.. Nepal Wikipedia.. UNDP in Nepal.. FAO..

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  • Title: The village Kaule – Kaule e.V. – Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects
    Descriptive info: The village Kaule Kaule e.. Kaule is a village of the nepalese midhills, lying on the altitude of 1860 m on a mountain pass.. The position is about 25 km Northwest from the capital Kathmandu.. Kaule belongs to Okharpauwa Village Development Committee in Nuwakot District.. Regarding to Nepal Census 2001, there live 2976 people  ...   there also live Sherpa and Newar families.. The people live mainly from agriculture and there is a lot of monoculture land.. Close to Kaule is the place Kakani and the Shivapuri Nationalpark, which are both known well in Nepal.. Because the first project of our organization takes places there, Kaule is our name giver..

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  • Title: Project Planning Kaule – Kaule e.V. – Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects
    Descriptive info: Project Planning Kaule Kaule e.. First Steps.. In September 2006, a first study of an already existing agroforestry enterprise project under the name of “AF Enterprise” took place.. It was then that the balance sheets of AF Enterprise and of other enterprises were recorded for the first time, followed by discussions with the farmers about how to enhance profitability.. In autumn 2007, the decision was taken to make this project happen, and the main framework was decided with the farmers, who wanted to be actively involved (15 families including 10 people with 3.. 5 hectare land).. was founded in Germany in order to raise funds.. In June 2008, it was acknowledged as charitable association and in November 2008, it was registered at the local court of Cologne.. Next Steps.. Reorganisation.. It is decided that the project will run over several years, as this is the time span needed in order to transition from conventional cultivation methods to the agroforestry system.. In March 2009, farms will start the reorganisation.. The remodelling will be carried out by farmers and volunteers who have been appointed and supervised by two Nepalese centres for volunteers: “VIN” (Volunteers Initiative Nepal) and “Hands for Help Nepal”.. The foundations of the remodelling phase were planned to be completed in the same year in which they were initiated.. This includes digging fish ponds and planting seeds.. Terraces that are already in place will be preserved but to completely reorganize them will take several years.. This is mainly is due to the fact that the trees grow at a slower pace, that regenerating the soil takes its time, and  ...   gained from the existing stocks, seeds and plants purchased on locally and from material collected in the surrounding area.. Training.. In February -March 2009, a three-week training course on the topic of agroforestry was given to the farmers, so that the newly created system can be maintained and favourably expanded.. Thereby, all project participants will have the opportunity to learn from each other – the farmers will be educated on the principles of agroforestry and we will learn about the farmers’ practices and gain valuable insights on native plants, animals and the local culture.. Market Analysis.. In spring 2009, the market situation was analyzed to lay the ground work to of optimizing the economic efficiency of the enterprises.. To this end, farmers’ operating income and expenses have been recorded since 2006 on a regular basis.. The analysis tackles the local market situation and raises the following questions: What can be sold? Where can it be sold best? How will the transport to this place be organised most handy?.. The current situation of the farmers will be documented once again and thus provides a comparative value for the years to come.. The analysis is supposed to be carried out again in later years and improvement of the situation can be monitored and demonstrated.. Such analyses are accomplished on the basis of interviews and questionnaires.. Scientific Evaluation.. The collected data is planned to be presented in form of one or more publications in order to make it available to scientific lobbyist groups.. It is hoped that in this way a small contribution to the development of the agroforestry system will be made..

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  • Title: Training Report of Agroforestry Training – Kaule e.V. – Organisation for socially sustainable Agro Projects
    Descriptive info: Training Report of Agroforestry Training Kaule e.. Proof-read by translation team Stefanie Mayer-Haake and Sylvie Tiesler.. Day 1.. Introduction.. Hired by.. , NAF (Nepal Agroforestry Foundation) has given a TOT (trainers of trainers) training to 16 farmers from Kaule, Nuwakot.. Training was scheduled for 13 days and included theoretical aspects and practical demonstrations.. Five trainers from NAF side and one social scientist took part as trainers to complete the TOT training altogether: Ramji Dhakal, Krishna Kumari Rai, Ramji Sapkota, Dr.. Bishnu Hari Pandit and Netra Kumari Pandit were the trainers from NAF.. Expectations of farmers.. At the start of the training, the participating farmers’ expectations were collected so that the trainers could adapt the training to their particular requirements.. The following lists the expectations collected from the farmers:.. Objectives:.. The overall objective of the TOT training was to introduce an improved farming system based on agroforestry.. One goal was to enable farmers to understand the difference between the conventional agriculture and the new agricultural system, and to understand how the new system could improve their lives.. Furthermore, as an organised system, farmers will become autonomous and this will enhance development the community as a whole.. The following lists some of the objectives which were set as a guideline when designing the entire TOT training:.. Participants will understand about agroforestry; its importance, character and its effect on livestock; and human health and economic development.. Participants will gain knowledge skills about the process of forming groups for the extension of agroforestry, fruit tree management and home garden establishment.. After gaining the knowledge and skills about seed sowing and cutting plantation.. Farmers can provide home nursery training to others.. Participants will gain knowledge about community forestry management as well as about NTFPs (non timber forest products), its importance ways of cultivation.. Participants can gain knowledge about hedge rows, soil protection, nitrogen fixation plants their effect on the soil.. Participants can collect the data of agroforestry and community forestry through the PRA system.. Participants can utilize the equipment provided by NAF.. Participants will gain knowledge and skill about important species for agroforestry, its plantation distance, planting methods, harvesting the grasses, and agroforestry management.. After gaining the knowledge and skill from demonstration of agroforestry nursery, participants will prepare their own agroforestry working plan.. To know about advantages of AF.. Qualities of plants and benefits.. What plant species are included in AF.. How can AF improve quality of life.. What resources are required and what are the steps that constitute the process to conversion to AF.. To know about AF management.. To know about social development in AF.. New species of fruits in AF.. How to plant new species.. Importance of AF, impact on living conditions and ecological balance.. How to protect AF.. Knowledge about plants.. Where to get plant material for AF.. To know about pesticides.. 10.. Participants will gain knowledge and skills about livestock management and its importance.. Discussion about Agroforestry.. In the view of the farmers AF includes:.. Combination of agriculture products and fruits in the same place.. Combination of medical plants and non timber forest products (NTFP) and birds and fishpond.. Bee keeping.. Combination of grass, trees and agricultural products.. A place where plant, animals, fodders and grass are found.. A place for NTFP products and fodder.. Health should be improved and alcohol consumption stopped (no more wine).. A place where different types of NTFP and food (agricultural products) can be found.. Discussions about fodder including the following fodder plants:.. Dhudilo, Paiyo, Sagur, Kutilo, Chuletra, Nimaro, Kimbhu, Khanayo, Bhadar , Khadraso, Tanki, Koiralo, Sil, Timur.. Discussions about fodder grass including the following local fodder grasses:.. Kans, Siru, Kharo, Phurke, Banso, Raucha, Nepiar, Malasses, Salimbur, Hatibandon, Maslahari, Kuku, Dhubo, Klohbar, Ratnaulo, Saterio.. Day 2.. Report of the 1st day.. Set up of daily responsibilities.. Person to provide reports.. Person to evaluate lessons from previous day.. President to control daily timetables.. Person for entertainment (games, music, dance).. Importance of AF in the farmers’ view.. good availability of fuel, wood and fodder.. improvement of soil condition.. forest protection.. protection against land slides.. time saving because its not necessary to go to the forest.. decreasing the possibility of getting handicapped.. protection of water sources.. protection of nature.. chance to use new skills and knowledge.. improvement of environment.. improvement of economic conditions.. sustainability in agriculture.. improved education and health.. decrease in possible diseases.. Discussion about steps of development.. Information.. Interest.. Given possibilities.. Experience.. Sustainable reproduction.. Discussion about farmers group.. What is the working group / makes the working group?.. Fulfil the common aims and objectives of two or more people gathering, implementing their own rules and regulations.. Why is a group necessary?.. To be powerful and to help each other, to reach the aim, to meet the common goal more easily.. Who are the members of a group?.. Persons with similar problems or who pursue the same aims or objectives.. What is the importance of AF groups?.. It is important to put into practice the skills and knowledge of AF which are gained by the TOT training of Kaule and to reap further benefits together.. How are members and committee members chosen?.. They are chosen upon vote by all group members.. Agroforestry Systems.. There are three main types of AF Systems which are of importance for farmers in Kaule:.. Silvi agro system.. Forest + Agriculture crops.. In this system, priority is given to the forest.. In case forest is not yet developed, farmers who do not own land can utilise the governmental/communal fields.. Agro silvi pastoral system.. In this system, the land is divided into three parts and is used for forestry, agriculture or pasture.. Agro silvi system.. The agricultural products are most important.. As importantly, fodder.. trees and nitrogen fixation plants are grown on terrace borders.. The same piece of land provides crops, fodder, fruits, fire wood and NTFP’s without impacting the agricultural production.. Characteristics of Agroforestry Systems.. Positive effects on agriculture.. Reduction of manure flow out.. Mixed crops – reduction of diseases.. Reduction of land slides.. Reduction of time spent on farming.. Livestock management saves crops.. Harvest all year round.. Resulting in a higher source of income.. Management of livestock and household.. Management by stable feeding.. Fodder and food can easily be harvested.. Increasing livestock.. Income is generated through increased livestock.. Well managed plantation time table.. Effects of agroforestry on livestock, human health and economic status.. Income implementation.. Time saving.. Improvement in health of humans and environment.. Reduction of labour time.. Improvement of farmers’ living conditions.. Improvement of organic manure production.. Increase in knowledge and skills.. NAF shows education material for the development of agroforestry.. It seemed that farmers preferred pictorial information materials, as it is easier to memorise than spoken words.. For instance, one of the pictures showed interrelation between humans, livestock, agriculture forestry.. It showed the dynamics of inter-relations.. Discussion on Merits and Advantages of AF.. Knowledge gained by the field visit (farmers’ view).. Discussions about trainers.. Discussion about species found in the Mid- Hills.. Day 3.. Discussion about previous day sessions.. Learning and understanding.. It is helpful in livestock management as it produces grass and fodder.. It helps to harvest different types of products from the same piece of land.. Reduction of pressure on forests because fodder, fuel wood, and wood can be harvested on private fields.. Increase of local people’s incomes.. AF helps control land slide and increases the soil quality.. Utilisation of waste land.. Improvement of the environment.. Time reduction.. Time can be used for other activities like child care, health care and others.. Decrease of diseases in crops.. Income generation through collection of seeds.. Improved health.. Availability of grass fodder, fire wood, fuel wood and fruits.. Life will be easier because there is less need to carry heavy goods.. Help with education.. Demerits of agroforestry.. If not well managed it might have harmful effects on agricultural crops, like planting trees improperly in random locations, shadow of trees might be harmful to agricultural crops.. Roots of big trees might harm crops and create difficulties in ploughing.. However, farmers could not highlight factors like complexity of the system leading to problems if people do not follow all the given rules.. Farmers’ Field visit (Jas Rams farm).. During the field visit, Ramji Dhakal was present as trainer and Jasram as the farm owner.. We found that manure was well managed: urine was collected in one place.. We also found that fodder plants were planted on the terrace borders and vegetables grew in the middle plain areas.. The land owner however remained as mediator and mostly listened.. Management system of manure.. Way to make compost manure.. Way to collect dung and urine.. Plantation of fruits and fodder trees on the border and crops in the field.. Trees do not harm agricultural crops if they are well managed.. Trees, crops, fodders, vegetables and grass can be grown in the same field.. Pounds can be made near the houses.. Income increases in small fields of land.. Agricultural products can be produced inside the fields.. Control of land slides if trees are planted at the border of fields.. We can do anything if we want.. Who is a trainer?.. A person who is skilled to train and has enough knowledge about relative subjects.. What are the things that a good trainer should have?.. Ability to speak eloquently, good knowledge of fields and farmers subjects/ skills, active, having a good personality, trustful, simple language, having a constructive way of thinking ahead, a person who behaves equally to every person, starting from his own learned ways, giving a good example.. Use.. Species.. Advantage groups.. Fodder.. Badhar, Koiralo, Tanki, Gidhari, Dhabdhabe, Kavro, Kutmiro, Chuletro, Gogan, Dhudhilo, Nimaro, Kimbhu, Pakhuri, Epil Epil, Githo, Rai Khanayo, Gayo, Siltimour.. Woman.. Fuelwood.. Utis, Bakaino, Chilaune, Sallo, Siris, Katus.. Wood.. Salla, Chilaune, Bakaaino, sagur, Paiyu, Champ.. Man.. MTPs.. Chiuri, Lapsi, Badhar, Amala, Kimbhu, Ritha.. Woman and Man.. Green manure.. Ashuro, Siris, Khiro, Bhakaino, Dhaicha, Saghiwan, Titepati, Snahamp, Sesbaneya, Banmara.. Windbrake.. Siso, Epil Epil, Siris, Utis, Tanki, Simali, Bans.. Hedge Row.. Sajiwan, Simali,Asuro, Phaledho, Nilkarda, Bans, Nijgalo, Calindra.. Day 4.. Repetition of previous day.. Evaluation of previous day.. Discussion about farming.. Local species:.. What is a farm?.. A farm is a place where cultivation is done from an economical point of view.. What should be included in an AF farm?.. Fodder, Grass, medical plants, fruit, vegetable, agricultural crops, livestock, fish ponds, trees, bushes, Nitrogen fixing plants, cash crops.. Fish pond: a simple type of fish pond can be used in agroforestry farm.. Tree: that kind of tree which does not have a negative impact on other crops.. Bushes: must not have a negative impact on other crops.. N fixing plant (nitrogen fixing plant): leguminous plant such as epil, tanki, bhatmase etc.. Cash crops: crops which are cultivated mostly to generate a quick income.. For example, sugarcane, mustard etc.. Importance of agroforestry farming and farms:.. Income generation, protection of health, fodder and fuel wood production, management of livestock, increasing soil quality, landslide control, daily life routine, improvement of environment, produces food and nutrients, provides employment, improvement of plant health and decrease of diseases, shelter, windbreak, keeps soil moistures, reduction of soil nutrient erosion, enhancement of species (biodiversity plant and animal).. Drawing of a picture that shows an agroforestry farm as an example.. S.. N.. Leguminous.. Purpose.. Dhudilo.. -.. fodder, fuel wood.. Bhatmase.. v.. Epil.. Fuel, fodder.. 4.. Tanki..  ...   arthropods (from microscopic to several inches long-insects, spiders, mites, centipedes, etc.. ), earthworms, and larger organisms such as moles, voles, even gophers, which have their role to play in recycling nutrients and maintaining good soil structure.. Session three and four: Soil management options Requirements for good quality.. This section covered the requirements for good quality soil.. Various requirements for being a good working soil for agriculture and agroforestry as perceived by farmers was listed in newsprint and they were categorized into different groups.. Finally, requirements for good quality soil were described using the chart on the side.. Among various management options management of farm yard manure is the most important one, so we discussed that as most important factor.. Technique of improving the quality of farmyard manure and saving the loss of nutrients from it was discussed.. For practical understanding of farmers’ demonstration of farm yard manure of different quality was practiced during discussion.. Similarly, where farm yard manure is not sufficient or not available, farmers can use compost, so technique of effective composting and testing of compost quality was also discussed in this session.. Advantages of farm yard manure and compost was also discussed in the session and thus soil quality improvement by farm yard manure was one of the important aspects covered.. Soil quality test in overall was not possible thus training facilitator demonstrated only the technique of soil pH test as describing soil pH as one of the indicator of good soil health.. Second day:.. Session 1: review of the first day and continuation of soil management options.. This session covered the reporting of the first day, participants’ evaluation of the first day and continued other management options including crop management options like crop rotation, mixed cropping and integration of different types of plants (soil depleting type, soil maintaining type and soil building type) in agro-forestry.. Soil building crops include legumes and cover crops that protect soil and add nitrogen fixing it from atmosphere.. Session 2 and 3: Soil moisture management and slope management.. Value of mulching and crop residue management for moisture conservation and addition of organic matter was discussed in this session.. Organic matter can conserve moisture better than the inorganic soil.. Thus addition of organic matter is the cheapest way of maintaining soil wet for longer time.. Additionally, use of crop residue mulch has good meaning for maintaining good moisture for longer time.. Slope management in hill agriculture and agroforestry is important task for building good soil quality.. Loss of topsoil causes gradual degradation of soil and losses its fertility.. Thus value of soil erosion control by use of vegetative barrier and terracing was discussed and demonstrated practically.. During the same time we also discussed on the shortcomings of the indigenous fertility management practices in hill agriculture and practical ways to solve the problems associated with them.. Session 4: Preparation of compost tea (Practical) and Additional discussion on farmers’ problems in the field.. This session covered the technique of preparing compost tea to control disease and pests and also as fertilizer.. The compost tea can be prepared by use of different local medicinal herbs chopped and then fermented anaerobically.. Afterward, we discussed on several issues of farmers and their problems in their existing cropping system.. Most of the problems included diseases and pests in crops, thus we discussed on the sustainable solution to solve these problem.. Day 8.. Training by Bishnu Hari Pandit.. Report about the previous day lessons.. Discussion about necessary elements for plants.. Carbon.. Hydrogen.. Oxygen.. Nitrogen.. Phosphorus.. Potassium.. Magnesium.. Iron.. Cupper.. Boron.. Zinc.. Molybdenum or lead.. Calcium.. Types of plants.. a) evergreen.. b) deciduous plants.. Day 9.. Practical Day.. Terraces previously built and located at the back of the house were cleaned.. Necessary material was collected in a common effort by project component and participating farmers.. Many different types of nurseries were developed.. Farmers learned how to measure and construct beds (sized 5m by 1m).. The frames were made of bamboo.. Preparations were made to use a sieve soil.. Poly bags were filled with soil previously prepared and stored.. A mixture of soil, stone and mud serves as an appropriate soil base (which is used in different combinations based upon the type of terrain like facing, gradients and moisture).. Stone is used as soaling in lower surface.. One part of soil and one part of sand was used.. Usage of manure is optional and recommended provided that it is of good quality or collected from an area which is covered by decomposing layers.. Afterwards, the nursery bed was separated into different sections in order to grow chilly, asparagus, lapsi, bakcinio (Melia azederach), bamboo, NB-21 and so on for future selection.. Plastic was used to cover the bed or to prevent shrinking of the bed.. Day 10.. Practical field exercise.. Polybags were filled with a mixture of sand, soil and manure.. A nursery for bamboo, nigalo, amriso and alaichi was established on a new terrace.. Bamboo cuttings were sampled by farmers land and planted in the new nursery.. In addition, vegetative parts of nigalo, amriso and alaichi were provided by farmers and planted.. Spacing between all those plants in the nursery bed is 50 – 60cm.. Day 11.. Practical class about seed treatment.. Seeds of Epil and Bathmase are kept in hot water for 2-3 minutes.. Afterwards the same seeds are kept in cold water for 12-24 hours before plantation.. Seeds of asparagus (kurilo) are kept in cold water for 24 hours.. Bitter gourd is kept for a short term in hot and afterwards for 24 hours in cold water.. Seeds need to be treated with hot water because of their hard covers.. Seeds need to be kept in shade after the treatment.. Nursery preparation.. NB-21 seeds are planted and mulch is used to cover the seeds (dry leaves) in order to keep them moisture.. Kimbu is cut into 15 cm long branches and placed into the soil.. Leaves serve as well for mulching.. Seeds sown in tray beds.. More valuable species are grown in tray beds.. First gravel is added to the lower surface.. Then a layer of hay is added.. The surface level is added as a mixture of severed mud, sand and manure.. One part of seeds is mixed with two parts of sand and sown.. Hay serves as mulching material to cover.. Watering.. Grafting.. Trifoliate has been used as rootstocks and lemon as sign.. Tongue grafting and side grafting has been demonstrated.. Collection of farmers demands for plant material.. A detailed list of plants, their number and possible distribution was collected from the participants.. These names collected were later converted to make a distribution and seasonal based calendar.. Each plant or seed provided to the participants is expected to be grown in area which will be allocated to the agroforestry project.. Day 12.. Ways of livestock management in the village of Kaule.. Human, goat and chicken are living together in the house.. Disadvantages:.. Transmission of diseases.. Health risk.. Lack of hygiene and cleanliness.. Insects, parasites.. Smell.. Unsafe business: business is unsafe because livestock may cause disease humans may be affected.. Harmful to animals: unsafe for new-born babies disease may transfer from one animal to other.. Harmful to humans: humans may clash with livestock.. Livestock should be kept in a separate stable, Tatno (a cross made of bamboo used for hanging grass fodder) for goats.. Specific goat breed suitable for Nepal:.. Selection for a better reproduction.. Parasites of goats:.. Fish ponds.. Pesticide by using cupper, sulphate and lime or white wask.. a) Boda mixture: It is an organic fungicide, not very toxic.. Long legs.. Long ears.. Bigger size.. Health, no diseases.. Not too fat.. Not to slim.. Reproductive organs need to be free of diseases.. No incest (difference of 5 generations).. Male needs to be changed every 1.. 5 years.. internal parasites.. external parasites.. Treatment of parasites.. Paste of salt and titepati (a local tree) can be rubbed on the fur.. Dig the ditch.. Smear with dung and mud.. Spread the plastic.. Pour water in.. Put compost manure in a bag.. Put DAP (inorganic manure) 1kg per ropani in the pond.. 5 kg urea.. Food.. Fish.. Nursery plantation.. Epil, Epil ISO, Phalamen, Gia conjesta ( Bhatmase), Bitter gourd (korela), Pumpkin (pharsi), cucumber and asparagus have been planted into polybags.. Nimbaro was sown into the nursery bed.. A shed was built.. Disscussion about a green house for chilly, cucumber and bitter gourd and establishment of a plastic tunnel for the nursery.. Environmental protection and effect of plastics.. A plastic bag was passed on to every participant.. In the end, it was handed back to the trainer (Krishna Kumari).. They were made to put their heads inside the bag and tie it air tight for minutes.. Each managed to stand the lack of air supply.. Later, the trainer showed them the effects and told them that plastic does not decompose nor does it allow the soil to breathe, and that therefore it should be disposed of safely.. It should only be used in small quantity.. If it is used in high quantity and thrown anywhere, it will create some problems.. Therefore after using a plastic bag, it should be disposed of safely.. Day 13.. Registered Farmers were visited to choose an appropriate place for the establishment of a nursery.. Day 14.. Improvement of cow sheds:.. Cowsheds should be kept at a small distance from the houses.. Urine should be collected in a dedicated place.. Dung should be collected in a pit hole.. Livestock animals should be kept separate from each other.. Copper sulphate 0.. 25g.. Lime 0.. Water 30 – 32 litre.. Can be used for scars and openings or any cut part of fruit tree, and the tree dying of leave parts, mildew in plant.. Tincture needs to be sprayed before and 24 hours after preparation.. b) Boda paste.. Cupper sulphate 45g.. Lime 50g.. Water 9 liter.. Oil 90ml.. Soil treatment.. Soil can be treated by providing mulching of green grass it should not be kept barren.. There should be enough moisture in soil.. Field shouldn’t make sloppier otherwise all nutrient of soil may flow.. Hedge row should be used in order to control soil flow.. Community forestry (hereafter CF): the commonly known concept of community forestry is given to participants.. CF is a distribution method by which a part of national forest is handed over to members of the community for protection, management and its utilization.. Annual planning of participants.. Participants were presented with what is defined as an annual planning agenda.. They were asked to review their requirements, the objective of the project and the actions they expected to carry out throughout the year.. Annual planning of agroforestry.. Similarly they were also introduced into the possibility to have agroforestry in their farms.. They were however in slight confusion as, whilst they had established nurseries, they had not received any new plants.. Evaluation of training.. Training was evaluated by asking deliberate questions to selected farmers who take part in the project, for them to express their issues with the training.. Distribution of polybags.. As a starter of material distribution, every participant was given a certain number of polybags.. Comments: The last day was not a proper closing day.. Part of the wrapping session and distribution of nursery materials, certificates, seeds and minute taking took place on one of the following days..

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