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    Archived pages: 25 . Archive date: 2014-02.

  • Title: Living with Wildlife Foundation: Working to Help People and Wildlife Coexist
    Descriptive info: .. Home.. Products Testing.. Resource Guides.. Living with Wildlife.. Bears.. Mountain Lions.. Wolves.. Coyotes.. Bobcats.. Support LWWF.. Contact Us.. Login.. YOU ARE HERE.. Living with Wildlife Foundation: Working to Help People and Wildlife Coexist.. 08.. 07.. 13.. Bear-Resistant Products Testing.. Why Test Products Using Captive Bears?.. Over the past 10 years, numbers and diversity of bear-resistant storage containers available to consumers has increased dramatically.. Until the Interagency Grizzly Bear Committee's (IGBC) Bear-Resistant Products Testing Program was conceived, there wasn't a formal process for evaluating containers.. Many products marketed as "bear-proof" were NOT bear-proof..  ...   Wild bears learned very quickly to find easy meals in ineffective products and consumers stopped spending money on "bear-proof" products.. Read More.. Latest Information.. Latest Editions of the "Living with Predators Resource Guides" Now Available.. This information is provided courtesy of the Living with Wildlife Foundation.. You may download the files by visiting the link below.. Resource Guides Page.. Site Search.. Site Map.. Contact Information.. LIVING WITH WILDLIFE FOUNDATION.. Info@LWWF.. org.. (406) 754-0010.. P.. O.. Box 1152.. Condon, MT 59826.. Follow LWWF on Facebook.. Copyright © 2012, Living with Wildlife Foundation.. All Rights Reserved..

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  • Title: Bear-Resistant Products Testing
    Descriptive info: Bear-Resistant Products Testing.. The perfect solution is to use bears that will never be able to live in the wild due to prior histories of conflicts with people.. The bears that live at the Grizzly Wolf Discovery Center (GWDC) proved to be the perfect test bears and over the years, these professional testers have finely tuned their skills.. Not only does the opportunity to test bear-resistant containers provide stimulation and enrichment for the bears.. The testing also provides visitors to the GWDC an incredible opportunity to learn about bears' strength, intelligence, problem-solving abilities and their persistence.. Lastly,  ...   during the design process.. Arranging for Product Testing.. The IGBC Bear-Resistant Products Testing Program is currently being revised and the testing protocol is being updated.. AS part of that revision, beginning in October of 2012, LWWF will no longer coordinate the testing of products on behalf of the IGBC.. Manufacturers or agencies who are interested in submitting products for testing should contact the Grizzly Wolf Discovery Center at (406) 646-7001.. Testing Results.. Products that have passed testing through the IGBC Bear-Resistant Products Testing Program are listed on the IGBC web site at.. www.. igbconline.. Bear-Resistant Product Testing Video..

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  • Title: Living with Predators Resource Guides
    Descriptive info: Living with Predators Resource Guides.. 2013 Editions Now Available.. As the human population increases and expands further into wild areas, numbers of human-wildlife encounters also increase.. As a result Montana Fish, Wildlife Parks (FWP), other state and federal wildlife management agencies, and non-profit groups associated with wildlife issues receive increasing numbers of requests for information on sources of bear-resistant products and techniques for deterring predators.. The Living With Predators Resource Guides were developed in cooperation with FWP's Living with Predators Project to help wildlife agency personnel respond to requests for this information.. The first edition of the guides was published in 2003 and was reviewed by a number of bear experts in the US and Canada.. Every effort has been made to provide the most accurate and up-to date information possible, but this area of commerce has been growing rapidly.. The guides will be updated periodically to reflect new products, and to update prices, vendor contact information, results of testing for bear resistance, and other important information.. ▼ Available Guides are Listed Below ▼.. Refuse Management..  ...   refuse and recycling centers, and information on ways to reduce the volume of garbage that you generate and therefore have to secure.. View/Download.. (46MB.. zip file).. Recreating Guide.. The Recreating in Bear, Wolf and Mountain Lion Country Guide covers products and techniques which can be used while recreating in wild areas.. Information about various types of bear-resistant backpacking containers for food and garbage storage, techniques for hanging your gear in the back country, portable electric fencing, outfitters' panniers, and a host of other information is included in this guide.. (18MB.. Electric Fencing Guide.. The Electric Fencing Guide contains information about electric fencing designs that can be used to help deter predators, including bears, mountain lions and wolves.. (50MB.. Predator Behavior and Modification Tools.. Predator Behavior and Modification Tools contains information for wildlife professionals who deal with predator conflicts.. The guide contains information on tools and methods for deterring predators, as well as for trapping and aversively conditioning predators when necessary.. Wildlife professionals who are interested in this guide should contact Patti Sowka.. via email.. or at 406-544-5307..

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  • Title: Living with Wildlife
    Descriptive info: The Impacts of Feeding Wildlife.. Feeding wildlife and/or baiting wildlife is illegal in some states.. This regulation usually applies to animals other than songbirds, such as deer, moose, elk, bears, and wolves.. If you have questions about whether or not feeding wildlife is legal in your area, please contact the wildlife agency for your state.. Many people believe that they are helping wild animals by feeding them, but they are probably actually hurting them in the long run.. Animals that come to rely on humans for food are at a definite disadvantage, and often end up on a hunter's dinner table, or easy prey for resident predators.. And furthermore, many animals that have received some sort of food from humans frequently end up being destroyed after becoming a nuisance.. Many people enjoy feeding and watching native birds, and planting native vegetation to encourage wildlife.. In some areas this isn't really a problem.. However, for people that live in bear country, there are some important things to consider:.. Feeding birds during the winter when many natural foods are in shorter supply is not a problem.. Feeding birds between late March and late November can attract bears though.. Bears can be active from early April until late November or even early December, depending  ...   U.. S.. and don't usually receive much leeway when they begin to hang out near bird feeders or houses.. If you must feed the birds during the months that the bears are active, please consider bringing in your bird feeders at night.. If you can't bring them in at night, hang them high off of the ground and far enough away from the nearest pole or tree that if the bears climb, they still can't get at the feeders.. It's also a good idea to clean up any bird seed that spills onto the ground.. Composting In Rural Areas.. Compost piles can attract bears and other animals, so place the pile a safe distance away from the house.. Compost piles that contain landscaping debris don't tend to attract bears as frequently as compost piles that contain kitchen food scraps.. In any case, it's a good idea to put an electric fence up around your compost pile - this is an easy and fairly inexpensive way to discourage the bears.. LWWF is currently looking for other ways to construct bear-resistant compost piles.. Any new information and designs that we become aware of will be posted here.. Information on Avoiding Conflicts with Predators.. ▶ Bears.. ▶ Mountain Lions.. ▶ Wolves.. ▶ Coyotes.. ▶ Bobcats..

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  • Title: Avoiding Conflicts with Bears
    Descriptive info: Avoiding Conflicts with Bears.. JUMP TO INFO ABOUT:.. Recreating in Bear Country.. Camping in Bear Country.. Securing Food Garbage.. Disposing of Your Garbage.. Hunting in Bear Country.. Women in Grizzly Bear Country.. When you choose to recreate in or move to areas occupied by bears, you have to assume responsibility for knowing how to reduce the possibility of negative encounters with bears.. The following information will help you to avoid potential conflicts.. Try to recreate in groups of at least two people if possible.. Always let someone know where and when you’ll be hiking or biking and what time you plan to be back.. Carry an approved brand of bear spray and know how to use it before recreating in bear country.. Stay on established trails; make plenty of noise, especially when the trail you’re on goes through areas of thick brush, or takes a bend and you can’t see the path ahead.. Avoid hiking at dusk or at night; bears are very active during these times and it’s too easy to startle a bear when the light is low.. Watch for signs of recent bear activity—scats (droppings), bear tracks, logs that have been torn apart, large rocks that have been rolled over, trees with claw or bite marks or areas of digging; if you see signs, leave the area.. Avoid animal carcasses and berry patches—these are potential food sources for bears.. Keep children and pets close at all times; either leave your dog at home or keep it leashed while hiking.. Kids and dogs can excite bears which could result in a defensive or predatory response from the bear.. Do not take odorous items along on your hike.. Bears have a great sense of smell and may be attracted to items that have a strong smell, such as lotions, deodorants, scented soaps, etc.. Do not leave backpacks, coolers or other gear unattended—hang packs using methods presented in this guide.. If you encounter a grizzly while hiking or biking, remain calm and quiet.. Keep watching the bear but avoid making direct eye contact with the bear.. Back up slowly, and speak to the bear in a soft voice.. Never turn your back or run from a bear.. DO NOT APPROACH BEARS TO GET A CLOSER LOOK OR A BETTER PICTURE! View bears at a distance using binoculars or your camera lens.. Bears can run as fast as 30 m.. p.. h.. , and can go from being “far away” to “way too close” almost in an instant.. In addition, the bear you’re looking at may not be the only bear around—it could be a mother with cubs.. If you plan to be out overnight, follow the guidelines listed below in the section on camping in bear country.. Have a can of bear spray with you at all times.. Use designated camping areas when they are available and follow all regulations.. Camp in open areas when at all possible.. Do not put your tent near any potential feeding areas such as: near a carcass, near water or riparian areas, near berry patches, or near trails.. Store food or other odorous items (including toothpaste, lotion, sun screen, bug repellent, etc.. ) in an airtight and bear-resistant container; if the bear does get into your pack, it won’t get a food reward.. If camping with pets, be sure to pick up any leftover or spilled food immediately and dispose of it the same way you dispose of your garbage.. Store pet food in a bear-resistant manner along with your food.. Hang backpacks and other gear out of the reach of bears - at least 10-15 feet up from the ground and at least 4 feet away from any vertical support (tree, post or pole).. DO NOT STORE FOOD OR ODOROUS ITEMS IN YOUR TENT OR SLEEPING BAG!!.. Never bury garbage since bears could smell it and dig it up; always pack out discarded feminine hygiene products.. Hang garbage at least 10 feet off of the ground and at least 4 feet away from vertical supports while camping.. Do not  ...   out with you or dispose of it in a bear-resistant trash container if one is provided.. If you burn any of your garbage, make sure it is completely burned before you leave.. Dispose of any unburned or partially burned garbage in a bear-resistant trash container or pack it out with you.. Make sure your camp fire is completely out before you leave your camp.. If you see other recreationists being careless with their food and/or garbage, please report the situation to a ranger or other authority immediately.. BEFORE the bears find it!.. Try to hunt with a partner or in small groups if possible.. Make sure at least one person not on the trip knows where you will be hunting and when you will be back.. Be alert for signs of bear activity—scats (droppings), bear tracks, logs that have been torn apart, large rocks that have been rolled over, trees with claw or bite marks or areas of digging.. Avoid hunting in berry patches or near old animal carcasses.. Do not hunt in low light conditions.. Follow the guidelines listed above under “camping in bear country” for food and garbage storage and for storing and/or hanging your game meat while you’re in bear country (this also applies to hanging your meat at home if you live in or near bear country).. Comply with all regulations regarding meat storage for the area you are hunting in; special regulations might apply if you're hunting in grizzly country.. If you're using pack animals, make sure that livestock feed (grain, corn, oats, etc.. ) is stored in a bear-resistant container.. Always have a can of EPA approved bear pepper spray within reach while hunting and butchering your game.. Gut, butcher and pack out your meat as quickly as possible—always separate the gut pile from the rest of the carcass while you’re butchering.. Pack out your meat—do not drag it (dragging will leave a scent trail).. DO NOT BUTCHER YOUR GAME ANIMAL OR DISPOSE OF THE CARCASS OR ENTRAILS ON OR NEAR ANY ROAD OR TRAIL—THIS MAY ENDANGER OTHER HUNTERS OR RECREATIONISTS!!!.. DO NOT SLEEP IN THE CLOTHES THAT YOU WORE WHILE BUTCHERING YOUR GAME!.. If you must leave your game carcass in the field overnight, mark the carcass well and leave any unattended meat at least 50 yards away from the gut pile.. When retrieving your meat, check your meat cache from a safe distance using binoculars to make sure that a bear isn’t feeding on the carcass.. Make lots of noise as you approach the carcass.. If a grizzly bear is feeding on the carcass when you return, leave the bear and the carcass and vacate the area immediately.. Report the location of the carcass and bear to the nearest game warden or wildlife official.. Consider erecting a portable electric fence around the carcass to discourage bears.. There is some evidence that bears may be attracted to gun shots or congregations of ravens after a game animal has been taken—if a bear investigates, stay calm.. In most cases the bear will remain at a distance until you leave the area.. Pack out as much of the animal as you can in case the bear does approach the carcass after you leave the site.. It is NOT recommended that you shoot at a bear that approaches you or charges you unless it's absolutely necessary.. In many cases the bear ends up only wounded, and before dying or leaving the area, it attacks the shooter.. Report any incident with a bear to the nearest authority as quickly as possible.. Grizzlies in the Lower 48 States are protected—it is illegal to hunt grizzlies in the Lower 48 States.. Please report any wildlife poaching to the nearest authority.. There is no evidence that grizzlies are more attracted to menstrual odor than to any other odor.. But as always, practice careful hygiene and dispose of all sanitary products in a bear-resistant trash container or pack them out with you.. It is a good idea to use pre-moistened unscented towelettes and tampons instead of pads..

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  • Title: Avoiding Conflicts with Mountain Lions
    Descriptive info: Avoiding Conflicts with Mountain Lions.. Mountain lions.. (Puma concolor).. , also known as cougars or pumas, are very efficient and effective predators.. Although they are normally shy and elusive around humans, lions can still present a danger to people and animals.. During times of drought or massive deer and elk die-offs, lions may be seen more frequently and in closer proximity to developed areas.. They often move closer to areas utilized by people in search of food and water.. The tips listed below can help you avoid conflicts with mountain lions - whether you're just going for a hike in the woods or making your residence in an area occupied by mountain lions.. Recreating in Mountain Lion Country.. Try to recreate in groups of at least two people.. Don’t assume that just because you don’t see them, mountain lions are not around.. Don’t assume that unattended mountain lion kittens are orphaned—often the mother will “stash” them in a safe place while she hunts for food to bring back to them.. Keep children close to you—they are most susceptible to lion attacks.. If you see a lion, leave the area, but DO NOT RUN.. If you run, the lion could view you as prey and may pursue you.. If the  ...   goats or sheep, consider penning them up at night and putting an electric fence up around the enclosure.. Keep cats inside if possible.. Small dogs can attract lions - it's better to keep small dogs inside when you're not around.. Watch children while they are playing outside.. Lions can not always differentiate between small children and prey animals.. When kids are playing, running, crouching down, etc.. , lions may mistake this for prey behavior.. Keep bear pepper spray in a convenient location - it can be used on aggressive lions as well as aggressive bears.. It's a good idea to keep the perimeter around your house clear of thick or tall vegetation.. This will eliminate easy hiding places for lions and other predators.. DO NOT FEED DEER, ELK OR OTHER WILDLIFE! This includes putting out salt, mineral or pressed blocks.. Attracting deer and other animals to your property will also attract predators.. You may want to install motion-activated security lights on your property.. Again, this will reduce the lions' feeling of security and will likely discourage them from staying.. If a lion should attack, fight back.. Lions have evolved pursuing prey like deer that don't aggressively fight back.. Fighting back may help to reduce the severity of an attack..

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  • Title: Avoiding Conflicts with Wolves
    Descriptive info: Avoiding Conflicts with Wolves.. Wolves.. (Canis lupus).. are highly skilled hunters and prey primarily on sick and/or injured ungulates such as deer, elk, moose and bison.. Wide scale predator control efforts into the 1970's eliminated wolves from much of the Lower 48 State of America.. Gray wolves are still fairly abundant in Alaska and Canada, however.. They are starting to make a comeback in parts of the U.. , including Montana, Wyoming and Idaho, due to a government program aimed at recovering wolf populations in the Lower 48 States.. If you recreate in areas where wolves are present, or if you have a home or ranch in wolf country, the following information will help you to avoid unpleasant encounters with these amazing predators.. Please keep in mind that wolves are usually shy and avoid contact with people.. Nonetheless, it is wise to understand a bit about wolves and how to avoid potential conflicts with them.. Wolves  ...   may therefore attract wolves.. Wolves may perceive dogs as competitors and may attack to remove a perceived threat or competitor.. Therefore it's a good idea to keep a close eye on your pets while you're camping, hunting or recreating in wolf country.. Be careful chaining pets in wolf country.. Dogs or livestock that are tethered can not escape or defend themselves against wolves.. Enclosed dog runs can help keep your pets safe in wild areas.. If you keep livestock in wolf country, electric fencing around sheep bedding areas, calving grounds, livestock pens, etc.. can deter wolves from these areas.. Electric fencing has proven to be effective in deterring wolves from llamas and other livestock in Montana and Wyoming.. You may also consider using a livestock watch dog such as the Great Pyrenees.. If you have a wolf or wolf pack frequently your property, contact the local Fish and Game Department so they can monitor the animals' locations..

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  • Title: Avoiding Conflicts with Coyotes
    Descriptive info: Avoiding Conflicts with Coyotes.. Coyotes.. (Canis latrans).. are highly adaptable predators that have managed to maintain healthy numbers in the Lower 48 States of America despite widespread efforts to eradicate them.. Coyotes are still viewed as pests by many people and are removed by wildlife managers as nuisance animals or are removed by coyote hunters.. Many people enjoy watching coyotes though, and do not mind having them nearby.. Coyotes can adapt well to living near people and don't usually pose a threat to us.. If you live in an area inhabited by coyotes, these tips can help you avoid conflicts with them.. Coyotes with pups can be aggressive and have been known to bite when a  ...   SYMPTOMS and report the situation to your local wildlife agency immediately.. Keep pets inside when you're not nearby.. Coyotes have been known to prey on cats and even small dogs.. Keep chickens and rabbits securely penned up at night.. You might consider putting an electric fence up around chicken coops and animal cages/pens.. Do not feed coyotes - feeding them or other wildlife can result in "habituation" or a loss of the animals' natural fear of people.. It can also result in "food conditioning," a condition that results when wild animals begin to associate humans with food sources.. Keep in mind that gardens or plants that attract rabbits and rodents may also end up attracting coyotes..

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  • Title: Avoiding Conflicts with Bobcats
    Descriptive info: Avoiding Conflicts with Bobcats.. Bobcats.. (Lynx rufus).. are small, wild cats with short tails, and are slightly larger than your average house cat (they weigh 15-35 pounds).. Despite their small size, bobcats can be feisty and dangerous.. The following tips will help reduce potential conflicts with bobcats.. Plants that attract rabbits and rodents may result in attracting bobcats to your property as well.. Walled  ...   wall of the subdivision to discourage bobcats.. Bobcats can become rabid and are especially bold and aggressive when they are rabid.. Animals that appear sickly or aggressive should be reported to the local game department immediately.. Keep your pets vaccinations up-to-date - this will help ensure that they won't contact any disease if they do happen to come in contact with a sick bobcat..

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  • Title: Support LWWF
    Descriptive info: LWWF is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization with the Internal Revenue Service and your donations to LWWF are tax deductible.. We cannot continue our efforts to save wildlife and keep people safe without your help.. Please consider making a donation to help wildlife.. Donation via Credit Card.. To make a donation to LWWF or to pay a product testing fee by credit card,.. click the button below.. Donation via Check/Money Order.. If you'd prefer to send a check or money order, please send it to:.. Living with Wildlife Foundation.. Box 1152..  ...   on our projects and programs.. If you are willing to contribute funding or to donate accounting or legal counsel, printing services, media production, photography or video production services, or computer services, please contact.. Patti Sowka, Director of the Living with Wildlife Foundation at.. patti@lwwf.. or 406.. 754.. 0010.. Your donation will help us to continue working with people to help resolve conflicts they are having, or might have, with wildlife.. The bottom line is this.. your donation will help protect the public safety and help prevent the needless loss of wildlife..

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  • Title: Contact Us
    Descriptive info: Please feel free to contact us with your questions, comments or suggestions.. We look forward to hearing from you.. Email:.. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots.. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Phone:.. (406) 544-5307.. Mailing Address:.. Box 466.. Arlee, MT 59821..

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  • Archived pages: 25