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  • Title: Welcome to Racial Equity Tools • Racial Equity Tools
    Descriptive info: .. Racial Equity Tools.. home.. about us.. glossary.. faq.. Search the site.. fundamentals.. Overview.. Core Concepts.. Racial Equity.. Race, Ethnicity and Indigeneity.. Racism.. Structural Racism.. Whiteness and White Privilege.. Internalized Racism.. Theory.. History of Racism and Movements.. Overview and Timeline.. Diaspora and Colonialization.. Laws and Policies.. Resistance and Movements.. Global History of Racism.. Data.. Demographics and Population Data.. Issue Statistics.. Attitude Data.. Resource Lists.. Tipsheets.. Book and Film Lists.. plan.. Issues.. Addressing Hate.. Children, Families, and Youth Development.. Criminal Justice.. Economic Development.. Employment and Labor.. Economic Security.. Education.. Environmental Justice.. Food Justice.. Health and Healthcare.. Housing.. Immigration and Refugee Rights.. Media.. Philanthropy.. Regionalism.. Reparations.. Reproductive Justice.. Violence, Safety and Community Peace.. Voting.. Change Process.. Individual Transformation.. Leadership.. Organizational Change Process.. Community Change Process.. Accountability.. Movement Building.. Informing the Plan.. Identifying Opportunities and Challenges.. Community Assessment Tools and Resources.. Organizational Assessment Tools and Resources.. Action Plan.. Action Plan Examples.. Making the Case.. Alliances and Coalitions.. act.. Strategies.. Advocacy.. Arts and Culture.. Caucus and Affinity Groups.. Changing Popular Discourse.. Civic or Community Engagement.. Community Building.. Community Organizing.. Conflict Transformation.. Multicultural Competency.. Dialogue and Deliberation.. Hate Crimes Prevention and Response.. Leadership Development.. Organizational Change Processes.. Policy and System Change.. Racial Reconciliation and Racial Healing.. Training and Popular Education.. Youth Development.. Communicating.. Communicating for Racial Justice.. Framing and Messaging.. Working with the Media.. Using Social Media.. Sustaining.. Community of Practice.. Organizational  ...   Borders.. Transforming White Privilege.. div.. slide" data-cycle-pause-on-hover="true">.. Racial Equity Library.. 1600+ resources that can help you create change in your community.. Explore the site or use the search box above.. Connect.. Join our community.. From our Library of Resources.. Community Organizing: Respond to "Stand Your Ground" laws.. Curricula.. Media-rich Racial Equity Learning Modules feature content from leading racial justice organizations.. Racial Equity Tools is designed to support individuals and groups working to achieve.. racial equity.. This site offers tools, research, tips, curricula and ideas for people who want to increase their own understanding and to help those working toward justice at every level in systems, organizations, communities and the culture at large.. Features.. Use Film to Deepen the Conversation on Race ».. Pay attention to issues of power and privilege when evaluating your work ».. Featured Issue: Defending Voting Rights ».. Explore Tipsheets from the Website Authors ».. Learn concepts.. Find data, lists tips.. learn more.. Examine issues and plan.. Identify strategies and communicate.. Evaluate progress and results.. subscribe to.. resource updates.. Recent articles.. Improving Media Coverage and Public Perceptions of African-American Men and Boys.. The Opportunity Agenda.. What is Internalized Racism? Flipping the Script: White Privilege and Community Building.. Donna Bivens.. Indigenous Peoples Issues and Resources.. resources rss feed.. Racial Equity tools is brought to you by:.. privacy policy.. facebook.. linkedin.. rss.. log in.. sign up..

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  • Title: About Racial Equity Tools • Racial Equity Tools
    Descriptive info: About Us.. Welcome to the new Racial Equity Tools website!.. We want to express our appreciation to the many people who worked to relaunch Racial Equity Tools, which includes the merger of three sites, www.. racialequitytools.. org, www.. evaluationtoolsforracialequity.. org and www.. racialequitylearning.. org.. Racial Equity Tools is designed to support individuals and groups working to achieve racial equity.. We welcome your feedback and contributions to site resources, and hope that you will subscribe to site updates and become connected with fellow users on our Facebook page.. Sally Leiderman - CAPD, Maggie Potapchuk - MP Associates, Shakti Butler - World Trust.. Our Partners.. Center for Assessment and Policy Development.. MP Associates.. World Trust Educational Services.. CAPD s mission is to help community groups, organizations, governments and foundations craft and execute thoughtful responses to pressing social issues.. The central theme of our work is positive social change.. One of our goals is to help those we work with strengthen their ability to make important and lasting change.. Founded in 1988, our organization s work is national in scope and includes research and evaluation, strategic planning, and policy analysis.. We help groups combine stories and numbers to plan, track and document their successes and challenges, and to learn from their experiences.. We do all of our work with a lens that acknowledges white privilege and structural racism as fundamental forces in how conditions came to be as they are, and in how we approach social change and evaluation of social change efforts.. Major areas of CAPD s work include:.. Leadership development.. Community change initiatives.. Social justice and anti-racism initiatives.. Systems change.. Children and families.. Contact Sally Leiderman.. , President -.. www.. capd.. Maggie Potapchuk is the founder of MP Associates, a national consulting firm dedicated to building the capacity of individuals, organizations and communities to address structural racism and better understand privilege issues for building a just and inclusive society.. Her work includes building the capacity of organizations to achieve racial equity, working with whites on white privilege through facilitating caucuses and developing curricula, partnering with communities on their racial equity initiatives, and working on efforts to build communities of practice among racial equity practitioners and activists.. For the past ten years, MP Associates has worked with partners to provide support, skills, and resources to help individuals, groups or communities sustain their work and share their lessons and skills with others so we collectively can achieve racial equity.. MP Associates clients have included: Annie E.. Casey Foundation, Chester County Department of Children, Youth and Family, Evangelical Lutheran Church of America, Everyday Democracy, W.. C.. Graustein Memorial Fund, Impact Silver Spring, Interaction Institute for Social Change, Philanthropic Initiative for Racial Equity, W.. K.. Kellogg Foundation.. Contact Maggie Potapchuk.. mpassociates.. us.. Thousands are talking about race with the help of World Trust.. We produce documentary films, curricula and live events that are rooted in love and justice.. Our programs use the powerful combination of film, dialogue and transformative learning to build capacities to  ...   racial equity.. We also want to acknowledge publicly the enormous contributions of those who created the enhanced and merged site, including:.. Lisa Abbott, Project Manager (World Trust).. Blake Paradis, Social Network Connector (World Trust).. Sam Stephens, Content and Tip Sheet Contributor (CAPD).. Stephanie Leiderman, Research Associate (CAPD).. Matthew Leiderman, Resource Coordinator (CAPD).. Celery Design Collaborative, Website Design.. We also thank the people who helped create the original sites that were merged into this one.. They provided ideas, content, technical support and/or reviewed the sites in development.. Big thanks to:.. Adrienne Henderson.. Amy Malick.. Anne Kubisch.. April Grayson.. Beth A.. Broadway.. Beverley Keefe.. Blake Emerson.. Brigette Rouson.. Caressa Hamby.. Carolyne Abdullah.. Cathy Rion.. Craig White.. Elaine Gross.. Elizabeth Williams-Riley.. Gary Garb.. Gaye Evans.. Gita Gulati-Partee.. Gretchen Susi.. Gwendolyn Grant.. Hedy Tripp.. Ilana Shapiro.. Jacquelyn Brown.. Janet Gillespie.. Jarrod Schwartz.. Jeff Hitchcock.. Jeff Stone.. Joe Szakos.. Julie Nelson.. Kien Lee.. Kimberly Roberson.. Kohei Ishihara.. Lauren Kucera.. Laurie Bezold.. Linda Bowen.. Loudi Rivamonte.. Makani Themba Nixon.. Mariama White-Hammond.. Mike Wenger.. Paul Marcus.. Peter Wilson.. RaShonne Davis.. Ruben Lizardo.. Sharon Streater.. Shenandoah Gale.. Shirley Strong.. Susan Batten.. Taquiena Boston.. Valerie Ohle.. Walter Davis.. Woullard Lett.. Yoke Sim Gunaratne.. We also thank organizations that provided funding and/or in-kind support of the original www.. org and of www.. org:.. The Charles Stewart Mott Foundation.. Annie E.. Casey Foundation.. Project Change Anti-racism Initiative.. Everyday Democracy (the Paul J.. Aicher Foundation).. Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies Network of Alliances Bridging Race and Ethnicity.. Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change.. We remain very grateful to the four organizations that agreed to pilot the first of these sites -- www.. Each provided candid feedback, shared their ideas and expectations for the website, helped create its framework, piloted tools and resources and served as our advisors along the way.. We thank especially Elaine Gross at ERASE Racism on Long Island, New York; Frankie Blackburn and Ray Moreno of IMPACT Silver Spring in Maryland; Marisabel Villagomez, Doris Watkins, and Jill Weiler from Tellin Stories in Washington, D.. and Barbara Heisler Williams and George Robinson of the South Orange/Maplewood Community Coalition on Race in New Jersey.. The third program incorporated in this site is World Trust s curriculum, Beyond Our Wildest Dreams: Racial Equity Learning for Action.. These racial equity learning modules were originally posted on racialequitylearning.. World Trust would like to thank the W.. Kellogg Foundation for funding the development of the first five modules, and the following individuals and institutions for creating and piloting them:.. Colleen Butler, YWCA.. Dia Penning.. Ellen Morrison.. Edgewood Center for Families.. Enora Brown, DePaul University.. Juan Wilson, North Lawndale Employment Network.. Maggie Potapchuk.. Maiya Holliday.. Martha Barry, YWCA.. Sally Leiderman.. Shan McFadden, I Relate and Epworth Community Methodist Church.. Tana Johnson.. Terry Soto, North Lawndale Employment Network.. Tilman Smith, Child Care Resources.. Yolanda Ronquillo, PhD.. Contact info.. Please send us feedback about the site or any questions to:.. info@racialequitytools.. New resources.. Racial Healing Resources: Explore reconciliation & healing as strategies for equity »..

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  • Title: Glossary • Racial Equity Tools
    Descriptive info: Glossary.. About the Racial Equity Tools Glossary.. Words and their multiple uses reflect the tremendous diversity that characterizes our society.. Indeed, a common language on issues relating to racism is nonexistent.. The need for a vocabulary of commonly used terms quickly became evident when we began working, particularly with our four local Project Change sites.. We discovered that the lack of a common understanding of even the most frequently used words in any discussion on race can easily cause misunderstanding and confusion, and often lead to controversy and hostility.. It is essential to achieve some degree of shared understanding in the use of the most common terms.. In this way, the quality of dialogue and discourse on race in America and your community can be enhanced.. There are two components to this page, the Racial Equity Tools Glossary below and information about.. Evaluation Terms.. Language can be used deliberately to engage and support community anti-racism coalitions and initiatives, or to inflame and divide them.. Discussing definitions can engage and support coalitions yet is important for groups to decide the extent to which they must have consensus and where it is okay for people to disagree.. It is important to keep in mind that the words people use to discuss power, privilege, racism and oppression hold different meanings for different people.. People at different stages in developing an analysis tend to attach different meanings to words like discrimination, privilege and institutional racism.. When people are talking about privilege or racism, the words they use often come with emotions and assumptions that are not spoken.. Many of these and other related terms have evolved over time.. For example, given the changing demographic trends in the United States, the word minority no longer accurately reflects the four primary racial/ethnic groups.. The terms emerging majority and people of color have become popular substitutes.. Also, the terms used to refer to members of each community of color have changed over time.. Whether to use the terms African American or black, Hispanic American or Latino, Native American or American Indian, and Pacific Islander or Asian American depends of a variety of conditions, including geographic location, age, generation, and, sometimes, political orientation.. The primary source for a definition is noted.. Some definitions are paraphrased or updated.. Source: Project Change s The Power of Words Originally produced for Project Change Lessons Learned II, also included in A Community Builder s Toolkit both produced by Project Change and The Center for Assessment and Policy Development with some modification for Evaluation Tools for Racial Equity web site.. RACIAL EQUITY TOOLS GLOSSARY.. open all.. close all.. Ally.. Someone who makes the commitment and effort to recognize their privilege (based on gender, class, race, sexual identity, etc.. ) and work in solidarity with oppressed groups in the struggle for justice.. Allies understand that it is in their own interest to end all forms of oppression, even those from which they may benefit in concrete ways.. Allies commit to reducing their own complicity or collusion in oppression of those groups and invest in strengthening their own knowledge and awareness of oppression.. SOURCE:.. OpenSource Leadership Strategies,.. The Dynamic System of Power, Privilege and Oppressions.. Bigotry.. Intolerant prejudice that glorifies one s own group and denigrates members of other groups.. National Conference for Community and Justice - St.. Louis Region.. Unpublished handout used in the.. Dismantling Racism Institute.. program.. Collusion.. When people act to perpetuate oppression or prevent others from working to eliminate oppression.. Example: Able-bodied people who object to strategies for making buildings accessible because of the expense.. Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice: A Sourcebook.. Maurianne Adams, Lee Anne Bell, and Pat Griffin, editors.. Routledge, 1997.. Colonialism.. Colonization can be defined as some form of invasion, dispossession and subjugation of a people.. The invasion need not be military; it can begin or continue as geographical intrusion in the form of agricultural, urban or industrial encroachments.. The result of such incursion is the dispossession of vast amounts of lands from the original inhabitants.. This is often legalized after the fact.. The long-term result of such massive dispossession is institutionalized inequality.. The colonizer/colonized relationship is by nature an unequal one that benefits the colonizer at the expense of the colonized.. Colonization and Racism.. Film.. Emma LaRocque, PhD.. Aboriginal Perspective.. Critical Race Theory.. The Critical Race Theory movement considers many of the same issues that conventional civil rights and ethnic studies take up, but places them in a broader perspective that includes economics, history, and even feelings and the unconscious.. Unlike traditional civil rights, which embraces incrementalism and step by step progress, critical race theory questions the very foundations of the liberal order, including equality theory, legal reasoning, Enlightenment rationalism and principles of constitutional law.. Critical Race Theory: An Introduction.. By Richard Delgado, Jean Stefancic.. NYU Press, 2001.. Cultural Appropriation.. Theft of cultural elements for one s own use, commodification, or profit including symbols, art, language, customs, etc.. often without understanding, acknowledgement, or respect for its value in the original culture.. Results from the assumption of a dominant (i.. e.. white) culture s right to take other cultural elements.. Colors of Resistance Archive.. Accessed June 28 2013.. Cultural Racism.. Cultural racism refers to representations, messages and stories conveying the idea that behaviors and values associated with white people or whiteness are automatically better or more normal than those associated with other racially defined groups.. Cultural racism shows up in advertising, movies, history books, definitions of patriotism, and in policies and laws.. Cultural racism is also a powerful force in maintaining systems of internalized supremacy and internalized racism.. It does that by influencing collective beliefs about what constitutes appropriate behavior, what is seen as beautiful, and the value placed on various forms of expression.. All of these cultural norms and values in the U.. S.. have explicitly or implicitly racialized ideals and assumptions (for example, what nude means as a color, which facial features and body types are considered beautiful, which child-rearing practices are considered appropriate.. ).. http://racialequitytools.. org/fundamentals/core-concepts#cultural.. Culture.. A social system of meaning and custom that is developed by a group of people to assure its adaptation and survival.. These groups are distinguished by a set of unspoken rules that shape values, beliefs, habits, patterns of thinking, behaviors and styles of communication.. Institute for Democratic Renewal and Project Change Anti-Racism Initiative.. A Community Builder s Tool Kit.. Diaspora.. Diaspora is "the voluntary or forcible movement of peoples from their homelands into new regions.. a common element in all forms of diaspora; these are people who live outside their natal (or imagined natal) territories and recognize that their traditional homelands are reflected deeply in the languages they speak, religions they adopt, and the cultures they produce.. The Culture of Diasporas in the Postcolonial Web.. Leong Yew.. Discrimination.. The unequal treatment of members of various groups based on race, gender, social class, sexual orientation, physical ability, religion and other categories.. [In the United States] the law makes it illegal to discriminate against someone on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex.. The law also makes it illegal to retaliate against a person because the person complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit.. The law also requires that employers reasonably accommodate applicants and employees sincerely held religious practices, unless doing so would impose an undue hardship on the operation of the employer s business.. U.. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission,.. Laws Enforced by EEOC.. Diversity.. Diversity includes all the ways in which people differ, and it encompasses all the different characteristics that make one individual or group different from another.. It is all-inclusive and recognizes everyone and every group as part of the diversity that should be valued.. A broad definition includes not only race, ethnicity, and gender the groups that most often come to mind when the term "diversity" is used but also age, national origin, religion, disability, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, education, marital status, language, and physical appearance.. It also involves different ideas, perspectives, and values.. UC Berkeley Center for Equity, Inclusion and Diversity,.. Glossary of Terms.. Ethnicity.. A social construct that divides people into smaller social groups based on characteristics such as shared sense of group membership, values, behavioral patterns, language, political and economic interests, history and ancestral geographical base.. Examples of different ethnic groups are: Cape Verdean, Haitian, African American (Black); Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese (Asian); Cherokee, Mohawk, Navaho (Native American); Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican (Latino); Polish, Irish, and Swedish (White).. Implicit Bias.. Also known as unconscious or hidden bias, implicit biases are negative associations that people unknowingly hold.. They are expressed automatically, without conscious awareness.. Many studies have indicated that implicit biases affect individuals attitudes and actions, thus creating real-world implications, even though individuals may not even be aware that those biases exist within themselves.. Notably, implicit biases have been shown to trump individuals stated commitments to equality and fairness, thereby producing behavior that diverges from the explicit attitudes that many people profess.. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) is often used to measure implicit biases with regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, age, religion, and other topics.. State of the Science Implicit Bias Review 2013.. , Cheryl Staats, Kirwan Institute, The Ohio State University.. Inclusion.. Authentically bringing traditionally excluded individuals and/or groups into processes, activities, and decision/policy making in a way that shares power.. Some Working Definitions.. Indigeneity.. Indigenous populations are composed of the existing descendants of the peoples who inhabited the present territory of a country wholly or partially at the time when persons of a different culture or ethnic origin arrived there from other parts of the world, overcame them, by conquest, settlement or other means and reduced them to a non-dominant or colonial condition; who today live more in conformity with their particular  ...   is the condition that would be achieved if one s racial identity no longer predicted, in a statistical sense, how one fares.. When we use the term, we are thinking about racial equity as one part of racial justice, and thus we also include work to address root causes of inequities not just their manifestation.. This includes elimination of policies, practices, attitudes and cultural messages that reinforce differential outcomes by race or fail to eliminate them.. Racial Justice [is defined] as the proactive reinforcement of policies, practices, attitudes and actions that produce equitable power, access, opportunities, treatment, impacts and outcomes for all.. Catalytic Change: Lessons Learned from the Racial Justice Grantmaking Assessment.. Report, Philanthropic Initiative for Racial Equity and Applied Research Center, 2009.. Racial Healing.. To restore to health or soundness; to repair or set right; to restore to spiritual Wholeness.. Racial Equity Resource Guide.. , W.. Kellogg Foundation, Michael R.. Wenger, 2012.. Racial Identity Development Theory.. Racial Identity Development Theory discusses how people in various racial groups and with multiracial identities form their particular self-concept.. It also describes some typical phases in remaking that identity based on learning and awareness of systems of privilege and structural racism, cultural and historical meanings attached to racial categories, and factors operating in the larger socio-historical level (e.. globalization, technology, immigration, and increasing multiracial population).. New Perspective on Racial Identity Development: Integrating Emerging Frameworks.. , Charmaine L.. Wijeyesinghe and Bailey W.. Jackson, editors.. NYU Press, 2012.. Racial Reconciliation.. Reconciliation involves three ideas.. First, it recognizes that racism in America is both systemic and institutionalized, with far reaching effects on both political engagement and economic opportunities for minorities.. Second, reconciliation is engendered by empowering local communities through relationship- building and truth telling.. Lastly, justice is the essential component of the conciliatory process justice that is best termed as restorative rather than retributive, while still maintaining its vital punitive character.. Position Statement on Reconciliation.. , The William Winters Institute for Racial Reconciliation, 2007.. For purposes of this site, we want users to know we are using the term racism specifically to refer to individual, cultural, institutional and systemic ways by which differential consequences are created for groups historically or currently defined as white being advantaged, and groups historically or currently defined as non-white (African, Asian, Hispanic, Native American, etc.. ) as disadvantaged.. That idea aligns with those who define racism as prejudice plus power, a common phrase in the field.. Combining the concepts of prejudice and power points out the mechanisms by which racism leads to different consequences for different groups.. The relationship and behavior of these interdependent elements has allowed racism to recreate itself generation after generation, such that systems that perpetuate racial inequity no longer need racist actors or to explicitly promote racial differences in opportunities, outcomes and consequences to maintain those differences.. States have a legal duty to acknowledge and address widespread or systematic human rights violations, in cases where the state caused the violations or did not seriously try to prevent them.. Reparations initiatives seek to address the harms caused by these violations.. They can take the form of compensating for the losses suffered, which helps overcome some of the consequences of abuse.. They can also be future oriented providing rehabilitation and a better life to victims and help to change the underlying causes of abuse.. Reparations publicly affirm that victims are rights-holders entitled to redress.. International Center for Transitional Justice.. Structural Racialization.. Structural racialization connotes the dynamic process that creates cumulative and durable inequalities based on race.. Interactions between individuals are shaped by and reflect underlying and often hidden structures that shape biases and create disparate outcomes even in the absence of racist actors or racist intentions.. The presence of structural racialization is evidenced by consistent differences in outcomes in education attainment, family wealth and even life span.. Systems Thinking and Race Workshop Summary.. john a.. powell, Connie Cagampang Heller, and Fayza Bundalli.. The California Endowment, 2011.. The normalization and legitimization of an array of dynamics historical, cultural, institutional and interpersonal that routinely advantage Whites while producing cumulative and chronic adverse outcomes for people of color.. Structural racism encompasses the entire system of White domination, diffused and infused in all aspects of society including its history, culture, politics, economics and entire social fabric.. Structural racism is more difficult to locate in a particular institution because it involves the reinforcing effects of multiple institutions and cultural norms, past and present, continually reproducing old and producing new forms of racism.. Structural racism is the most profound and pervasive form of racism all other forms of racism emerge from structural racism.. For example, we can see structural racism in the many institutional, cultural and structural factors that contribute to lower life expectancy for African American and Native American men, compared to white men.. These include higher exposure to environmental toxins, dangerous jobs and unhealthy housing stock, higher exposure to and more lethal consequences for reacting to violence, stress and racism, lower rates of health care coverage, access and quality of care and systematic refusal by the nation to fix these things.. Structural Racism for the Race and Public Policy Conference.. , Keith Lawrence, Aspen Institute on Community Change and Terry Keleher, Applied Research Center.. White Privilege.. Refers to the unquestioned and unearned set of advantages, entitlements, benefits and choices bestowed on people solely because they are white.. Generally white people who experience such privilege do so without being conscious of it.. Structural White Privilege.. : A system of white domination that creates and maintains belief systems that make current racial advantages and disadvantages seem normal.. The system includes powerful incentives for maintaining white privilege and its consequences, and powerful negative consequences for trying to interrupt white privilege or reduce its consequences in meaningful ways.. The system includes internal and external manifestations at the individual, interpersonal, cultural and institutional levels.. The accumulated and interrelated advantages and disadvantages of white privilege that are reflected in racial/ethnic inequities in life-expectancy and other health outcomes, income and wealth and other outcomes, in part through different access to opportunities and resources.. These differences are maintained in part by denying that these advantages and disadvantages exist at the structural, institutional, cultural, interpersonal and individual levels and by refusing to redress them or eliminate the systems, policies, practices, cultural norms and other behaviors and assumptions that maintain them.. Interpersonal White Privilege.. : Behavior between people that consciously or unconsciously reflects white superiority or entitlement.. Cultural White Privilege.. : A set of dominant cultural assumptions about what is good, normal or appropriate that reflects Western European white world views and dismisses or demonizes other world views.. Institutional White Privilege.. : Policies, practices and behaviors of institutions -- such as schools, banks, non-profits or the Supreme Court -- that have the effect of maintaining or increasing accumulated advantages for those groups currently defined as white, and maintaining or increasing disadvantages for those racial or ethnic groups not defined as white.. The ability of institutions to survive and thrive even when their policies, practices and behaviors maintain, expand or fail to redress accumulated disadvantages and/or inequitable outcomes for people of color.. White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences Through Work in Women Studies.. Peggy McIntosh.. 1988.. Transforming White Privilege: A 21st Century Leadership Capacity.. , CAPD, MP Associates, World Trust Educational Services, 2012.. White Supremacy.. White supremacy is a historically based, institutionally perpetuated system of exploitation and oppression of continents, nations and peoples of color by white peoples and nations of the European continent; for the purpose of maintaining and defending a system of wealth, power and privilege.. Challenging White Supremacy Workshop.. , Sharon Martinas.. Fourth Revision.. About Evaluation Terms.. In the previous site, www.. org, we included a glossary.. For this site, we want to highlight glossaries focused on evaluation terms from various sites (below).. Each covers at least some of the terms frequently used in evaluation.. One thing to note is many words that are used in evaluation have a very specific and technical meaning in that context, which may be different from their more general meaning in everyday speech.. For example, in everyday speech, the words impact and outcome are both used as synonyms for result.. However, people doing or writing up evaluations may use outcome to describe a changed state of being (which could be the result of a program, intervention or activity) and the term impact to describe the amount of change that can definitely be ascribed to that particular program, intervention or activity (its net effect).. Those are the more technical meanings of those terms in evaluation.. Impact can usually only be determined from random assignment, because that is usually the only way to control for all the differences that cannot be directly measured.. Mean, mode and median are other examples of terms sometimes interchanged in everyday speech (to mean average or typical), but which have specific and different definitions as statistical terms.. These kinds of distinctions are helpful to know when describing an evaluation, and when reviewing its findings.. Please also see Tip Sheets: Reviewing Resources, and the tip sheets below for more detail about key evaluation terminology and concepts.. What Is An Outcome And What Is An Outcome Indicator?.. How Can The Effects Or Impacts Of Our Strategies Be Measured?.. What Are Some Statistical Methods For Assessing The Significance Of Differences, Changes, And Trends?.. What Are Some Statistical Methods For Indicating Whether An Activity Made An Important Contribution To Change?.. What Are Some Non-Statistical Methods For Indicating Whether An Activity Made An Important Contribution To Change?.. The evaluation glossaries can be found at:.. The Center for Social Policy Learning Guide 6 Glossary may be found starting on page 10.. EHR/NSF Evaluation Handbook, Chapter Seven: Glossary Glossary begins on page 77.. Innovation Network Evaluation Workbook..

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  • Title: FAQ • Racial Equity Tools
    Descriptive info: FAQ.. I have a question about Racial Equity Tools, how can I get it answered?.. Please email your question to.. Alternatively, post your question on our.. Facebook page.. We will respond as soon as possible, and we may also post your question and our response here in FAQs.. How do I print a full page of content on this site?.. Topic information on this site is organized into "accordions" that open and close with a click.. If you would like to view or print all of the information available on a given page at once, click the "+" sign in the little white box at the top of the list of accordion topics.. That will open all accordions.. From there you can print by going to File Print in your browser.. How do I submit a resource for inclusion in the Racial Equity Tools libary?.. The Racial Equity Tools community helps us keep abreast of resources that are available to support those working toward equity.. To submit a resource for consideration please:.. 1) Join our community by creating an account.. here.. 2) Once logged in to your account, you can submit a document or website url using the.. Submit a Resource form.. Thank you for your support.. What are some useful resources for parents who want to deepen their own knowledge or talk with their children about race or racism?.. Below are a few ideas they are mostly directed to adults and some include useful information for how to help children explore their own experiences as well.. Terry Keleher shares from personal experience in his essay,.. Racially Conscientious Parenting in a Colorblind Society.. Two blogs to check out,.. Love isn t Enough: Raising a Family in a Colorstruck World.. One of the recent posts was, I didn t know you had a mixed baby! My students react to my biracial daughter.. Also another blog to explore,.. Antiracist Parenting.. It might be helpful for you to continue to increase your knowledge on some key concepts, including racism, white privilege and internalized racism.. You can  ...   would advise you to check out these sections on the site:.. PLAN: Community Change Process.. PLAN: Informing the Plan.. I have a community meeting coming up and want to share data on how racism impacts the education system; can you point me to some data?.. Yes, we have two sections on the site which can assist you.. The first is a specific section under the tab Data , with links to statistics on a variety of issues.. Currently, included are:.. Just Facts: Racial Resegregation and Inequality in Public Schools, Applied Research Center.. The Black Youth Project has some reports and fact sheets on their site.. National Center of Education Statistics.. We encourage you to.. to receive notification when new resources are being posted, since this is one section we will do our best to keep up-to-date.. Also in the.. Planning Section.. , we include information on 19 different issues, including.. education.. ; you will find statistical reports, promising practices, academic papers, and strategies being used by different organizations and communities.. Please also take a look at Tip Sheet On.. Using Available Data.. When people talk about racism – are they talking about the way individuals treat each other, laws like stop and frisk, who runs the country or the fact that some groups seem to do better in the U.. than others? Is there anything on the site to help me sort out these ideas or talk to others about how they are different or related?.. People use the term racism differently, but for many people in racial justice work, the term is used specifically to refer to active or passive things that that contribute to creating different consequences for people of color and whites.. Structural racism is a term people use to describe how different dimensions of racism (cultural, institutional and individual) work together.. Structural racism thus describes the system by which racism is developed, maintained and protected.. In each of the sections below, you will find resources such as essays, academic articles and videos on dimensions of racism and how they work:..

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  • Title: Fundamentals • Racial Equity Tools
    Descriptive info: Fundamentals.. This section offers information on relevant core concepts, theories and histories both in terms of how racism has been constructed and maintained, and on ways it has been countered through resistance and movements.. It also includes demographic and attitudinal data, and shares key sites for statistics on particular issues (e.. racial profiling, segregation).. As well, it includes Tip Sheets on  ...   and films.. Includes: race, racism, indigeneity, white privilege, internalized racism and others.. Resources focus on historic construction of racism in U.. ongoing resistance.. Three sections: demographics, issue statistics attitude survey results.. Includes: tipsheets from site authors book/film resource lists.. Recent videos.. This popular clip from the film Cracking the Codes: The System of Racial Inequity features scholar & author Joy DeGruy..

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  • Title: Core Concepts • Racial Equity Tools
    Descriptive info: One way to jumpstart racial equity work is by reviewing its core concepts.. These include: race, ethnicity, racism, white privilege and internalized racism.. To create effective strategies that contribute to progress on addressing racial inequities or improving race relations, it helps to know how race is constructed, and to understand how racism works, how privilege is embedded in our systems, and how internalized racism and superiority are created and maintained.. In group work, it is especially helpful to spend time developing some common understandings and vocabulary for discussing these core concepts together.. Groups that move forward without investing in that work often find themselves stuck later on, when they realize people have been working from very different assumptions about what these words mean, and their underlying relationships and components.. It is tempting to think, based on the mainstream U.. narrative about race, that racial inequity is a problem of the past.. However, the overwhelming weight of evidence makes it clear that racial inequities are still present, and are still being created by current systems, institutions, policies and laws.. The socially constructed reality called race is still one of the strongest predictors, in a statistical sense, of how groups of people fare in terms of wealth, health, education and many other aspects of life.. Even in this era of high-profile (and, in some cases, historic) success stories at the individual level, the legacy of racially discriminatory laws and policies (for example, redlining, exclusion from the GI Bill) continues to have a profound impact (for example, on wealth accumulation through inheritance based on unequal opportunities for home ownership, access to higher education and in many other ways).. There are also many current institutional and government policies that, if left unchecked, will only increase what are already oppressive inequalities (e.. credit-worthiness ratings that value assets above earnings, or an inability to get some school and health care related jobs because of prior involvement in juvenile justice systems driven in part by racial profiling, etc.. Simply put, the problem is real, and unless active measures are taken to change the systems that continue to fuel it, racial inequities will persist and widen.. To start to pivot, one might imagine what a racially equitable world would look like what kinds of laws and policies are in place? Do people relate to each other differently? What are the stories and impressions formed by mass media or popular culture? How do these core structures and cultural messages promote racial equity and how do we know?.. Building a Home for Tomorrow: Racial Justice Infrastructure as if We Believed It Were Possible.. Makani Themba-Nixon, The Praxis Project.. Can We? A Brief History of American Racism.. Melissa Harris-Perry, The Nation.. Ted Talk: Bryan Stevenson: We Need To Talk About An Injustice.. Racial Equity Slam Poetry.. International Human Rights and U.. Civil Rights Policy.. Poverty and Race Research & Action Council.. Transforming our America: A Path Towards Racial Equity And Justice.. Shakira Abdul-Ali and Lisa Santer, race-talk.. We Are the Majority and We Demand Justice, Rinku Sen.. Applied Research Center's Facing Race Conference 2012.. What Is Racial Justice?.. Scot Nakagawa, Race Files, A Project of Change Lab.. ,.. Freedom's Ring - I Have a Dream Speech.. The Martin Luther King Jr.. Research and Education Institute, Stanford University.. 5 Stats We've Got To Change to Increase Racial Equity.. Mohammad Chughtai, Atlas: DIY.. The Business Case for Racial Equity.. Ani Turner, Altarum Institute.. K.. Kellogg Foundaiton.. As many people know, the idea that human beings belong to different races is not true in a genetic sense.. Since the concept of racial classifications came into being, it has been used to distribute opportunities and resources to groups with groups defined as white consistently getting more advantages, on average, and groups defined as not white consistently being disadvantaged, on average.. The long term effects can be seen at every level of society: in institutions, culture, the stories told about identity, and in the current way opportunities and resources are still unequally distributed among people allowed to be called white or not.. Resources in this section provide information about three core concepts related to the categorization of people into groups for purposes of racial types of sorting:.. race.. ethnicity.. and.. indigeneity.. For many people, it comes as a surprise that racial categorization schemes were invented by scientists to support worldviews that viewed some groups of people as superior and some as inferior.. (.. Race: Power of an Illusion.. ) There are three important concepts linked to this fact:.. Race is a made-up social construct, and not an actual biological fact.. Race designations have changed over time.. Some groups that are considered white in the United States today were considered non-white in previous eras, in U.. Census data and in mass media and popular culture (for example, Irish, Italian and Jew people).. The way in which racial categorizations are enforced (the shape of racism) has also changed over time.. For example, the racial designation of Asian American and Pacific Islander changed four times in the 19th century.. That is, they were defined at times as white and at other times as not white.. Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, as designated groups, have been used by whites at different times in history to compete with African American labor.. [Paul Kivel, Uprooting Racism: How White People Can Work for Racial Justice (Gabriola Island, British Columbia: New Society Publishers, 2002), p.. 141.. ].. Is Race for Real? Race: Power of an Illusion.. PBS.. The Story of Race.. Race- Are We So Different?.. Race- Are We So Different? Web site.. Asian American Justice Center.. Asian Nation Web site.. Asian Nation.. NDN News - Daily Headlines in Indian Country.. NDN.. 500 Nations List of Native Tribes.. 500 Nations.. A History: The Construction of Race and Racism.. Dismantling Racism.. , Western States Center.. Race: Are we so different?.. The American Anthropological Association.. Tomás Rivera Policy Institute.. University of Southern California.. Border & Latin American Information.. University of New Mexico.. Arab American Institute.. The Root.. What is Multiracial Identity?.. ProQuest.. The Shifting Borders of Race and Identity.. The Hall Center for the Humanities in Partnership with Haskell Indian Nations University.. Mixed Race Studies.. Incomplete: Analysis: Why the Black/White Binary Fails.. Derrick Dawson, Crossroads Antiracism Organizing and Training.. Ethnicity generally refers to classifications of humans that are based on shared country or region of origin, shared history and culture.. More recently, some people have found it useful to think about race as a category created by dominant cultures and imposed on groups not considered part of the dominant culture, and ethnicity as an identity people claim for themselves, based on common language, culture and current, recent or historic places of origin.. Hispanic vs.. Latino.. SOA Watch.. Race and Ethnicity.. Ethnicity: How Does it Differ from Race and Culture.. University of Washington.. , youtube.. Atlas of Stateside Puerto Ricans.. Angelo Falcon.. Indigeneity is a classification that generally refers to groups of people in a territory they once occupied or owned, and that has since been taken over through conquest, colonialism, and/or genocide (e.. Maori in territory now defined as New Zealand; Mexicans in territory now defined as Texas, California, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Nevada and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas, and Oklahoma; Native American tribes in territory now defined as the United States).. The.. United Nations.. also provides a definition for the term indigenous, noting that among other attributes, such peoples are.. formally placed under a state structure which incorporates national, social and cultural characteristics alien to their own.. The UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues.. Journal of Cultural Anthropology.. Indigeneity, Settler Colonialism, White Supremacy.. Andrea Smith, Global Dialogue.. Mexicans and Indigeneity: Part 1 of 3.. Devon G.. Peña, Editor.. Individual.. Cultural.. Institutional.. Racial oppression is painful to experience, and challenging to discuss.. Discussions are difficult even when people respect and understand each other; they are harder when people use the same words to convey different ideas.. So, for purposes of this site, we want users to know we are using the term racism specifically to refer to individual, cultural, institutional and systemic ways by which differential consequences are created for different racial groups.. The group historically or currently defined as white is being advantaged, and groups historically or currently defined as non-white (African, Asian, Hispanic, Native American, etc.. ) are being disadvantaged.. Resources in this section offer different ways to understand individual, cultural and institutional racism; structural racism is described in the next section.. Individual racism refers to the beliefs, attitudes, and actions of individuals that support or perpetuate racism in conscious and unconscious ways.. Examples include telling a racist joke, believing in the inherent superiority of white people over other racial groups,  ...   people of color opportunities for asset accumulation and upward mobility.. Detour-spotting For White Anti-racists.. joan olsson.. How To Talk To Someone About Privilege Who Doesn’t Know What That Is.. Jamie Utt, Everyday Feminism.. Maggie Potapchuk, Sally Leiderman, Donna Bivens, and Barbara Major.. Working Assumptions For White Activists On Eliminating Racism: Guidelines For Recruiting Other Whites As Allies.. Ricky Sherover-Marcuse.. Identifying White Privilege in Progressive and Radical Grassroots Movements.. Sharon Martinas, Challenging White Supremacy.. Witnessing Whiteness: First Steps Toward Anti-racist Practice and Culture.. Shelly Tochluk.. Retaining Benefits, Avoiding Responsibility.. Paul Kivel.. AWARE-LA Toolbox.. AWARE-LA.. Developing a Positive White Identity.. Unitarian Universalist Association.. White Power and Privilege.. Showing up for Racial Justice - SURJ.. Justice for Trayvon Toolkit.. Showing Up for Racial Justice.. Where are the White Folks? Your Sympathy is Not Solidarity.. Ewuare X.. Osayande.. The Problem with “Privilege”.. Andrea Smith.. Emptying the White Knapsack.. Jaime Grant, Praxis Center.. Dreaming of a Self Beyond Whiteness and Isolation.. , Journal of Law and Policy.. The Network Economic Effects of Whiteness.. Brant T.. Lee.. , American University Law Review.. Whites Will Be Whites: The Failure to Interrogate Racial Privilege.. Framed by Privilege: Perpetuating and Resisting White supremacy in White, Middle-Class Parenting.. Kelly B.. Baldwin.. Understanding and Dismantling Privilege.. White Privilege Conference, a program of the Matrix Center for the Advancement of Social Equity and Inclusion at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs.. What is White Privilege?.. Sharon Martinas.. Accumulating Advantages.. Unnatural Causes.. The Anatomy of White Guilt.. Tim Wise.. The White Racial Frame: Centuries of Racial Framing and Counter-Framing.. Feagin.. White Privilege Timeline.. Art Munin.. Where White Privilege Comes From?.. Alan G.. Johnson.. Whiteness Studies: Deconstructing (the) Race.. University of Wisconsin- Milwaukee.. Louis CK - Being white (strong language).. Mirrors of Privilege: Making Whiteness Visible.. Shakti Butler, World Trust Educational Services.. Center for the Study of White American Culture.. Why Theres No Such Thing As Racism Against White People.. Aamer Rahman, Fear of a Brown Planet.. Whitewashed.. Mark Patrick George.. Donna Bivens provides this definition of internalized racism in her chapter on What is Internalized Racism? from.. :.. "As people of color are victimized by racism, we internalize it.. That is, we develop ideas, beliefs, actions and behaviors that support or collude with racism.. This internalized racism has its own systemic reality and its own negative consequences in the lives and communities of people of color.. More than just a consequence of racism, then, internalized racism is a systemic oppression in reaction to racism that has a life of its own.. In other words, just as there is a system in place that reinforces the power and expands the privilege of white people, there is a system in place that actively discourages and undermines the power of people and communities of color and mires us in our own oppression.. Because race is a social and political construct that comes out of particular histories of domination and exploitation between Peoples, people of colors internalized racism often leads to great conflict among and between them as other concepts of power-such as ethnicity, culture, nationality and class-are collapsed in misunderstanding.. Putting forward this definition of internalized racism that is systemic and structural is not intended to blame the victim.. It is meant to point out the unique work that people of color must do within ourselves and our communities to really address racism and white privilege.. As experiences of race and structural racism become more confusing, complex and obscured, it is imperative that people of color explore and deepen our understanding of internalized racism.. As more anti-racist white people become clearer about whiteness, white privilege.. people of color are freed up to look beyond our physical and psychological trauma from racism.. Internalized Oppression and Latinos.. Laura M.. Padilla.. , Texas Hispanic Journal of Law.. Internalized Racism Inventory.. Cultural Bridges.. Healing from the Effects of Internalized Oppression.. The Community Tool Box.. Surviving Oppression; Healing Oppression.. Vanissar Tarakali's Blog.. A Book of Healing: Practicing a Psychotherapy of Liberation with African-Americans.. Vanessa McAdams-Mahmoud.. Hugh Vasquez & Internalized Racism: a Father, a Son and a Photo.. Cracking the Codes: The System of Racial Inequity, World Trust Educational Services.. What Is Internalized Racial Oppression And Why Don't We Study It? Acknowledging Racism's Hidden Injuries.. Karen D.. Pyke, Sociological Perspectives.. Internalized Racism and it's effect on Cortisol Levels.. Elizabeth City State University and University of Zuluuland.. Internalized Racism as Oppression.. Suzanne Lipsky, ReEvaluation Counseling.. , Flipping the Script: White Privilege and Community Building.. Internalized racism (the silent face of bigotry).. karnythia, The Angry Black Woman.. Taking Action Agains Racism in the Media.. Major Scholars of Native American Historical Trauma:.. Prof.. Janis Johnson,.. Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome.. Joy Degruy.. The Residual Impacts of Trauma on African Descendants in the Americas.. Joy DeGruy-Leary.. This section has resources on three theories that have become important for understanding and working on racial equity: Racial Identity Development Theory, Critical Race Theory and Intersectionality.. It also describes some typical phases in remaking that identity based on learning and awareness of systems of privilege and structural racism, cultural and historical meanings attached to racial categories, and factors operating at the larger socio-historical level (e.. (From,.. C.. Wijeyesinghe and B.. Jackson, New Perspective on Racial Identity Development: Integrating Emerging Frameworks.. , New York University Press, 2012.. Asian American Identity: Shared Racial Status and Political Context.. Jane Junn and Natalie Masuoka.. Racial Identity Development.. Student Development Theory Overview, Florida State University.. Talking About Race, Learning About Racism: The Application of Racial Identity Development Theory in the Classroom,.. Beverly Daniel Tatum, Harvard Educational Review.. Race Matters: Implementing Racial Identity Development Theories in the Classroom.. Evette Allen, Bryan Hubain, Cerise Hunt, Star Lucero and Saran Stewart.. , Developed by the Annie E.. The Multidimensional Model of Racial Identity (MMRI).. African American Racial Identity Lab.. Critical Race Theory is an area of scholarship that looks particularly at how laws and power create race, and argues for applying a racialized lens (rather than a color-blind one) with a focus on looking at the role of white privilege and white supremacy in order to understand current societies based on those laws.. What is Critical Race Theory?.. UCLA School of Public Affairs.. Critical Race Theory, Race Equity, and Public Health: Toward Antiracism Praxis.. Chandra L.. Ford and Collins O.. Airhihenbuwa.. Critical Race Theory Resource Guide.. Drexel University.. Twenty Years of Critical Race Theory: Looking Back To Move Forward.. Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw.. The Scholarship of Derrick Bell & Critical Race Theory.. Janet Dewart Bell and the Geneva Crenshaw Society.. Intersectionality as a field of study looks at the relationships among different forms of oppressions, and highlights the importance of understanding and acting against their collective and interactive effects.. As.. Doug Meyer.. describes in the Gender and Society journal,.. The theory of Intersectionality also suggests that discrete forms and expressions of oppression actually shape, and are shaped by, one another.. Thus, in order to fully understand the racialization of oppressed groups, one must investigate the ways in which racializing structures, social processes, and social representations (or ideas purporting to represent groups and group members in society) are shaped by gender, class, sexuality, etc.. Each of these theories makes important arguments and adds useful information to an understanding of racial equity.. A Primer on Intersectionality.. False Promises: How The Right Deploys Homophobia To Win Support From African-Americans.. National Gay and Lesbian Task Force.. Race and Class: An Intersectional Approach.. powell and Stephen Menendian.. ClassMatters.. Betsy Leondar-Wright.. Intersectionality: Matrix of Domination.. A Feminist De/Reconstruction.. A List of Privilege Lists.. Alas, a Blog.. Violence & Silence.. Jackson Katz, TEDxFiDiWomen.. Better Together: Research Findings on the Relationship Between Racial Justice Organizations and LGBT Communities.. Applied Research Center.. When Multiplication Doesn't Equal Quick Addition: Examining Intersectionality as a Research Paradigm.. Ange-Marie Hancock.. Leading at the Intersections: An Introduction to the Intersectional Approach Model for Policy & Social Change.. Nicole Mason.. , Women of Color Policy Network: NYU Wagner School of Public Service.. Shared Oppressions.. Western States Center.. Standing Together, Coming Out for Racial Justice: An Anti-Racist Organizational Development Toolkit for LGBT Equality Groups and Activists.. Basic Rights Educational Fund.. Public Opinion and Discourse on the Intersection of LGBT Issues and Race.. Loren Siegel et al, The Opportunity Agenda.. Towards a Methodology to Identify Converging Forms of Everyday Discrimination.. Philomena Essed.. Intersectionality: A Tool for Gender and Economic Justice.. Women's Rights and Economic Change.. Complicating “White Privilege”: Race, Poverty, and the Nature of the Knapsack.. Paul Gorski, EdChange.. Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color.. Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw, African American Policy Forum.. Instructors' Guide: Free Resources on Intersectionality, Critical Race Theory across Disciplines.. Kimberlé Crenshaw, African American Policy Forum.. The Combahee River Collective Statement.. The Combahee River Collective..

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  • Title: History of Racism and Movements • Racial Equity Tools
    Descriptive info: Racism is a process, and as such, it has a history.. Knowing this history helps explain current systems of inequity and structural racism.. Having learned how these systems are set up, and whom they are intended to control, advantage or disadvantage, it is easier to understand why things are as they are today, and to find entry points for change.. Khalil Muhammad.. ).. Not surprisingly, the history of racism also includes organized resistance at every level from individual acts of resistance to broad-scale, collective, cross-system movements.. A deeper knowledge of these movements offers inspiration and strategic and tactical lessons.. Resources in this section offer insights into both areas the historic construction of racism and ongoing resistance, primarily at the level of movements.. This section mostly focuses on U.. history, though a section on the global history of racism is also included.. The history of the United States is usually taught in school from the perspective of the dominant culture (that is, from a colonizer s perspective).. The typical story about race in the U.. lays out some of the struggles, but without fully explaining the causes particularly the racist policies and actions of the U.. government.. These include the genocide of Native Americans and the continued breaking of numerous treaties with Native American nations; internment of American citizens of Japanese descent during World War II (though not German Americans), constitutional encoding of enslavement of Africans and others until the passage of the 13th Amendment, the post 13th Amendment imposition of Jim Crow and Sundown laws, and racial profiling of Latinos and African Americans and other people of color that continues today.. The typical historical story also does not acknowledge the impact of these policies and laws today, specifically in how communities of color fare in basic areas such as education, housing, etc.. Knowing our history is a critical component for understanding racial inequities and structural racism.. This section provides timelines from several sources acknowledging key events and decisions in the history of racism.. History is a Weapon.. The Knotted Line.. Radical Imagination.. The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed.. Timeline of Selected Events in the Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi.. Teaching a People's History,.. Zinn Education Project.. History of Racism and Immigration Timeline: Key Events in the Struggle for Racial Equality.. Routledge.. Seattle Civil Rights and Labor History.. Racism, History and Lies.. Max Dashu.. A Brief Timeline of U.. Policy on Immigration and Naturalization.. Flow of History c/o Southeast Vermont Community Learning Collaborative.. Immigration Timeline.. Pacific Link, The KQED Asian Education Initiative.. In their review of the meanings of diaspora as geographers use the term,.. Rios and Adiv.. note that.. the term has its Western beginnings in the Jewish diaspora communities, extending to groups such as the Armenian, Chinese, Greek, Indian, Kurdish, Palestinian, Parsi, and Sikh, whose experiences of expatriation, institution building, cultural continuity, and refusal to relinquish their collective identities have demarcated them from mere immigrants.. The term has come to mean a group of people that migrated or were expelled from their historic homeland out into different parts of the world.. As described in a glossary developed by PBS as part of its.. Ralph Bunche documentary and educational project.. colonialism (and imperialism) refer to a system whereby more powerful and industrialized nations control, by force or other means, weaker regions for the benefit of the dominant power.. These definitions are interesting on two levels.. First, they help lay out some of the ways in which the application of power by one group over another is a deeply rooted part of the system by which racial/ethnic identities and systems of advantage and disadvantage linked to those created identities are formed and maintained.. Second, these terms are interesting for what they don t say, as well as what they do e.. failing to name Western European white  ...   of protection and support (white women, Irish, Jewish and Italian immigrants at particular points in time) and which were not (Native Americans, recently emancipated African-Americans).. Karen Brodkin, in her book.. How the Jews Became White.. writes about how in the 19th century United States anti-working class and anti-immigrant notions were tied together, and both were deeply tied to shifts in the need for particular kinds of labor.. Brodkin argues that this occurred because people in power in the United States were threatened by a large influx of immigrants.. History of Racist US Laws.. Alto Arizona.. com.. Khalil Muhammad on Facing Our Racial Past.. Moyers and Company.. Race-based legislation in the North; 1807 - 1850.. Africans in America, PBS.. Slavery By Another Name.. Douglas Blackmon, PBS.. Race and the Drug War.. Drug Policy Alliance.. How Racist is U.. Immigration Policy?.. Michelle Chen, Applied Research Center.. The History of Surveillance and the Black Community.. Nadia Kayyali, Electronic Frontier Foundation.. A booklet from.. United Against Racism.. notes that,.. Historically, resistance has taken different forms and shapes Different groups and individuals took part in different kinds of resistance.. Today we do not have to emulate them literally but we should know about the diversity of traditions of resistance.. They describe multiple historic and current forms of resistance: partisan uprisings, warfare, civil disobedience, and cultural resistance via art, music, theater and literature.. The site also notes that,.. Resistance against racism can be traced back to the opposition of native peoples of Africa, the Americas and Asia to the European colonial yoke and to slavery.. Revolts and uprisings against racist colonial rule occurred throughout centuries of European colonialism.. The 1791 Haitian revolution stands out: an army composed of former slaves repeatedly defeated the forces of big colonial powers and laid foundations for an independent black republic.. Another example is the struggle of the Chechen people who resisted Russian imperialism for almost a century.. Another form of resistance was maintaining the native cultures and identities of the oppressed peoples despite attempts at uprooting whole ethnic groups.. LA Rising: The 1992 Civil Unrest, the Arc of Social Justice Organizing, and the Lessons for Today's Movement Building.. Manuel Pastor et al.. The Katrina Reader.. Readings by and for Anti-racist Educators and Organizers.. Civil Rights Movement in Virginia, Massive Resistance.. Virginia Historical Society.. Nonviolent Resistance & Political Power.. Bruce Hartford.. Resistance Against Racist Oppression in the United States - Racial Resistance and Sports.. Give ‘Em Hell.. Social Movements and Culture.. CulturalPolitics.. net.. National Underground Railroad Freedom Center.. The Abolitionists.. The American Experience, PBS.. Faces of the Struggle: Volume 1 Black Panther Edition.. DATHISTORYGUY, Soul Therapy.. World Protests 2006-2013.. Initiative for Policy Dialogue and Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung New York.. Popular Resistance: Daily News and Resources.. This site includes mostly resources from the United States with a few from other countries, mostly Canada.. It is useful to see a variety of other examples of how race has been constructed among other countries and governance models, as well as to understand U.. history in the context of broader trends.. This section, still being developed, provides overviews of the history of racism within different countries from various viewpoints.. Additions are needed.. Black In Latin America.. Canada's First Nations: A Legacy of Institutional Racism.. Claire Hutchings.. Apartheid Stories.. Oral History Education.. The Anti-Apartheid Struggle in South Africa (1912-1992).. International Center for Non-Violent Conflict.. Racism in Central and Eastern Europe and Beyond.. Rapporteur's Notes.. About Racism - Timeline.. Anti-racism education for Australian schools.. Racism and resistance in Australian history: the white invasion.. Jerome Small, Socialist Alternative.. Beyond Racism: embracing an Interdependent World - Brazil, South Africa and the United States.. Southern Education Foundation, Comparative Human Relations Initiative.. The Historical Origins and Development of Racism.. George M.. Fredrickson, Race: Power of an Illusion.. Have The Demands Of The March On Washington Been Met?.. Moyers & Company..

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  • Title: Data • Racial Equity Tools
    Descriptive info: In working towards racial equity, it is very common to look for numbers and facts to help make the case, identify important starting points and/or track the results of work.. This section includes resources that can help.. Resources are organized into three sections: demographics and population data, statistics related to particular issues (for example, segregation, racial profiling), and results of attitude surveys (for example, research on Millennial s attitudes on race).. For more information on how to create data, or how to use data to track progress, please look at the.. evaluation section.. of this site.. There is a broad array of international, national, tribal, state, provincial, regional and local data available to describe age, gender, race/ethnicity, wealth, income, location and other demographics of many peoples and places.. In every instance, there are both technical and political issues to consider in the use of these data.. Large scale, public databases reflect societal values.. They also reflect which data various entities are willing to invest in collecting, and at what level of completeness and accuracy.. Databases also reflect individual and societal decisions about what information groups are willing to share with strangers.. In addition, data are often categorized in ways that reflect dominant cultural norms.. And, even when these norms are changing (as in the case of acknowledging multi-racial identities or various gender identities), public databases may lag years or decades behind current understandings.. Why does all this matter for racial equity work? For two reasons: first, the people most likely to be short-changed in the available data are often the most marginalized or invisible.. A consequence of undercounting is that conclusions drawn from large-scale databases may be based on a false understanding of the reality of the whole and of particular groups.. In addition, investments in data collection and analysis are often insufficient to get the level of detail needed to understand how system forces policies, opportunities, resources and conditions contribute to particular results.. All of these factors time lags in data, the way we categorize groups, undercounting and insufficient detail challenge strategy development.. So, while available demographic and population data can be useful, it is very important always to be cautious about the timeliness of the data, who is likely to be over or underrepresented, and what assumptions are built into conclusions produced by the data providers and second-level users.. This is particularly true when drawing conclusions across groups, places and/or databases.. America's Tomorrow: Equity is the Answer.. PolicyLink.. DiversityData.. org Web site.. Harvard School of Public Health.. Melting Pot Cities and Suburbs: Racial and Ethnic Change in Metro America in the 2000s.. William H.. Frey.. , Brookings Institute.. Rethinking American Diversity: Conceptual and Theoretical Challenges for Racial and Ethnic Demography.. Hayward D.. Horton, University at Albany-SUNY.. The United States Census Website.. Department of Commerce.. Separate and Unequal: The Neighborhood Gap  ...   Immigration Data Hub.. Expanding Our Understanding of the Psychosocial Work Environment: A Compendium of Measures of Discrimination, Harassment and Work-Family Issues.. Meg A.. Bond et al.. , Center for Women and Work: UMass Lowell.. Racial Segregation Measures for States and Large Metropolitan Areas: Analysis of the 2005-2009 American Community Survey.. Population Studies Center, University of Michigan.. Just Facts: Racial Resegregation and Inequality in Public Schools.. Applied Research Center,.. Racial Profiling Data Collection Resource Center.. Northeastern University.. The Office of Minority Health - Data/Statistics.. Department of Health and Human Services.. Interactive Map.. Sentencing Project.. Hate Crimes Accounting - 2012.. FBI.. Research Tools.. The Civil Rights Project, UCLA.. Reports and Fact Sheets.. Black Youth Project.. Data Center: Research for Justice.. Project Vote Smart.. Follow the Money.. Union Membership and Coverage Database from the CPS.. National Center for Education Statistics.. State Health Facts.. Kaiser Family Foundation.. Sustainable Communities Index.. Juvenile Justice and Disparities Information.. Haywood Burns Institute for Juvenile Justice Fairness and Equity.. This Amazing Map Shows Every Person in America.. Jeremy Stahl, Slate and the New America Foundation.. Net Migration Patterns for US Counties.. Applied Population Laboratory, University of Wisconsin- Madison.. Commmunity Commons.. Advancing the Movement.. Hate Crimes—Number of Incidents, Offenses, Victims, and Known Offenders by Bias Motivation: 2000 to 2008.. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States.. Infographic: From the Civil Rights Era to the Present.. Joy Moses, Center for American Progress.. Big Racial Divide over Zimmerman Verdict.. Pew Research Center for the People and the Press.. This section offers results of racialized attitudinal research, or research on people s attitudes toward race.. Existing attitudinal data can inform strategies and offer ideas and examples for groups that want to do their own attitudinal research.. The section on.. Communication.. also has helpful ideas about the ways in which groups have used attitudinal data in racial equity work.. The Communication section includes information about a large and growing body of work that suggests people bring a lot of implicit bias and unexamined assumptions to attitudes about racial issues and, in fact, bring racially charged assumptions to a whole host of attitudes and topics even when race or racism is never explicitly part of the conversation.. Knowing this provides some useful ways of thinking about how to present attitude data making sure to offer context that helps convey the intended message, and inoculates people from adding their own messages to the information being presented.. Public Opinion Research: Millennials' Attitudes Towards Immigrants and Immigration Policies.. Eleni Delimpaltadaki Janis, Opportunity Agenda.. Don't Call Them Post-Racial : Millienials Attitudes on Race, Racism and Key Systems in Our Society.. Racial Attitudes Surveys and Data.. University of Arkansas, Institute on Race and Ethnicty.. How Do Racial Attitudes Affect Opinions About The Health Care Overhaul?.. Shankar Vedantam, NPR.. Legacy of Slavery Still Fuels Anti-Black Attitudes in the Deep South.. University of Rochester..

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  • Title: Resource Lists • Racial Equity Tools
    Descriptive info: This section provides more resources related to concepts, issues and strategies for doing racial equity work.. There are two resource sections: tip sheets (created by the authors of this website); and lists of books and films.. The book and film lists come from a variety of organizations working on racial equity.. Please note, these recommended resources are provided for reference and convenience.. They generally include a mix of free materials and materials for purchase.. Working on Racial Equity.. Working on Racial Equity in Communities.. Getting Started on Evaluation.. Aligning Evaluation With Your Work.. Collecting Information.. Using and Sharing Evaluation Results.. Tipsheets are based on the experiences of the website authors in doing, evaluating and learning from others about how to do racial equity work.. They are presented with the hope that they will be useful to readers of this site.. More Tipsheets will be added soon.. What Are Some Tips For Reviewing Resources With A Racial Equity Lens?.. Center for Assessment and Policy Development and MP Associates.. Gretchen Susi, Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change.. MP Associates and Center for Assessment and Policy Development.. Is The Group Identifying Other Organizations Doing Work On This Issue? Is The Group Collaborating With Others In The Community?.. Why Do An Evaluation?.. When Should We Evaluate Our Work?.. What Is A Theory Of Change And What Is A Logic Model?.. Why Develop Logic Models Or Theories Of Change? How Can They Be Useful?.. How Can We Tell If Our Strategies Are  ...   Groups In Our Community?.. How Can We Create Reasonable Expectations for the Success Of The Group’s Strategies While Still Being Accountable?.. How Can We Use Evaluation Findings To Reflect On And Adjust Our Work?.. What Are Some Ideas For Reflecting On Composition And Processes Of Our Group As Our Work Continues Over Time?.. How Can We Make Evaluation And Data Tracking Routine?.. The lists of written resources (books, articles) and videos and films provided here come from a number of organizations.. Please use them to learn more about racial equity concepts, issues and strategies.. They include materials that can be accessed for free, plus materials to purchase.. Please observe all copyright laws and restrictions indicated by the authors.. As a matter of equity, please be sure to cite sources.. Racial Equity Resource List.. , MP Associates.. Bibliographical Guide to Structural Racialization, Implicit Bias, and Systems Thinking.. Charles Patton.. Common Vision Annotated Bibliography.. Common Vision.. , Funders for LGBTQ Issues.. Movements for Change Bibliography.. Tamarack: An Institute for Community Engagement.. Design Lab 13: Electronic Resource Guide.. Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies.. Race Matters Resource Page.. Race Matters.. Michael Wenger, America Healing, W.. Somatics & Trauma Reading and Resource List.. Generative Somatics.. Annotated List of Racial Justice DVDs and Videos.. Melanie Morrison Allies for Change.. An Anti-Racist Bibliography.. The People's Institute for Survival and Beyond.. White Noise Collective Resources.. White Noise Collective.. Maggie Potapchuk, MP Associates.. Books, Videos and Websites.. Baltimore Racial Justice Action.. Bibliography on Racism..

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  • Title: Plan • Racial Equity Tools
    Descriptive info: Plan.. This section includes resources to help in planning actions for racial equity.. See Fundamentals for information about core concepts, the history of racism, data, and Tipsheets that can also help in planning.. Resources for 18 issues, for example voting, food justice, housing, media education.. Resources on change processes in communities organizations including accountability.. Resources to analyze history, power relationships data to support planning.. Includes: action plan examples, how to make the case building coalitions.. Tipsheet: How Can We Avoid “Blaming The Victim” When We Present Information On Poor Outcomes For Different Groups In Our Community? »..

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  • Title: Issues • Racial Equity Tools
    Descriptive info: As explored in.. , systems of inequity are interwoven, and forms of inequity intersect with each other.. Change in one piece of the system can often influence change in other pieces.. At the same time, for a variety of reasons, communities and groups that want to work on racial equity often pick a particular issue as their starting point (immigration, employment, hate crimes, environmental justice) or aim their work at contributing to transforming particular institutions or systems (criminal justice, education, philanthropy, media).. Information in this section will help users delve into a particular issue as part of their planning for action.. Please review these sections for planning, strategy and examples of others work specific to that issue.. In addition, for almost each issue area, there is at least one organization or website focused on that particular issue that can be used to access more information.. Key sites.. Most people recognize that racism is part of what incites hateful speech and incidents of violence aimed at people of other race/ethnicities than one s own.. This kind of overt and violent racism is relatively easy to spot, and many groups and communities think about addressing it at the individual or group level.. The resources in this section offer some ideas about that process.. At the same time, it is also useful to view overt racism like violence, the presence of hate groups and hateful speech, as an indicator of systemic and institutional racism, and to think about intervening at those levels as well.. For example, the number of.. hate groups.. in the United States has been rising since 2000, as has the.. number of hate crimes.. Some of the increase is likely due to increased reporting, but, as evidenced by the level of discourse on the internet, some is a statement about current culture: what is considered intolerable behavior, how that message is shared with others and ways society responds or acts preventatively so that kind of behavior is not repeated.. Typically, crime and/or violence hold the public s attention for a media minute, with the assumption that these incidents are rare and not commonplace, yet they still are.. This tolerance for extreme views on race speaks to the work that needs to be done.. Partners Against Hate.. Southern Poverty Law Center.. Leadership Conference for Civil Rights.. Fighting Hate and Extremism.. Preventing and responding to hate crimes.. OSCE's Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights.. Confronting the New Faces of Hate: Hate Crimes in America.. Leadership Conference for Civil Rights And Education Fund.. Cause for Concern: Hate Crimes in America.. Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights.. Hate Crimes Law Introduction.. Anti-Defamation League.. Hate Crime: The Violence of Intolerance.. Department of Justice.. Geography of Hate.. Monica Stephens, Humboldt State University.. Resources in this section highlight some of the ways that systems of inequity profoundly influence the opportunities available to children, youth and families, and ways that various groups have sought to increase positive effects and prevent or reduce negative ones.. The resources included in this section also highlight the primary role that family and other early factors have in shaping life experiences.. They also seek to shed light on the myriad ways that racial inequity is present in those experiences, even from their very beginning.. From unsafe neighborhoods to greater exposure to environmental toxins, children of color are frequently exposed to a variety of negative effects to which white children typically are not.. These facts are daunting, and, at the same time, offer very clear paths for transformation and entry points to early intervention and support.. Alliance for Race Equity Web site.. Center for the Study of Social Policy.. Strong Families.. Black Youth Project.. A Brief Overview Of Race And Social Welfare History: Key Legislation.. Center for Advanced Studies in Child Welfare, University of Minnesota.. The Childhood Opportunity Gap.. The Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race and Justice.. Structural Racism and Youth Development.. Village Building and School Readiness: Closing Opportunity Gaps in a Diverse Society.. State Early Childhood Policy Technical Assistance Network.. A Way Out: Creating Partners for our Nation's Prosperity by Expanding Life Paths of Young Men of Color - Dellums Commission Final Report.. Study Finds Child Welfare System Treats African American Families Differently.. Casey Foundation and Center for the Study of Social Policy.. Recent Works on Racial Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System.. Child Welfare Information Gateway.. Race and Child Welfare.. Elizabeth Bartholet, Fred Wulczyn, Richard P.. Barth, Cindy Lederman, Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago.. The Consequences of Structural Racism, Concentrated Poverty and Violence on Young Men and Boys of Color.. Carol Silverman, Michael Sumner and Mary Louise Frampton Thelton E.. Henderson Center for Social Justice at the University of California, Berkeley Law School.. The Political Impact of Young People of Color in the 2012 Election.. Jon C.. Rogowski and Cathy J.. Cohen, Black Youth Project.. Transracial Adoption: Promoting Racial Literacy or Perpetuating Colorblind Racism?.. Christine Richardson and Dr.. Arthur Scarritt.. Engaging Communities in Taking a Stand for Children and Families Leadership Development and Strategic Planning in the Texas Child Welfare System.. Casey Family Programs.. Places to Watch: Promising Practices to Address Racial Disproportionality in Child Welfare.. The Center for Community Partnerships in Child Welfare of the Center for the Study of Social Policy.. Ramsey County Ending Racial Disparities Project.. Ramsey County Community Human Service Department's Family and Children's Services Division's Vision for Children.. Texas Child Welfare Partnership with The People's Institute and Casey Family Programs Produces Positive Results for Children.. Texas Department of Family and Protective Services.. Five Myths of Talking about Race with your child.. Jaime-Jin Lewis, Executive Director of Border Crossers.. Child Welfare Practice: Creating a Successful Climate for Change: Findings and considerations from an Institutional Analysis.. Terry Keleher, Pact, An Adoption Alliance.. Why We Can't Wait: A Case for Philanthropic Action: Opportunities for Improving Life Outcomes for African-American Males.. Marcus J.. Littles, Ryan Bowers and Micah Gilmer.. Anti-Racist Parenting.. Blog- Exploring What It Means To Be An Anti-racist Parent.. Love isn't Enough: On Raising a Family in a Colorstruck World.. Love Isn't Enough is a blog about parenting and race.. It should not, at this point in United States history, surprise anyone to hear that there are drastic racial disparities in enforcement of laws, judiciary proceedings and treatment within and beyond the criminal justice system.. The resources in this section document when and where many of these inequities originate.. Several resources also provide concrete strategies for affecting change (an examination of best practices aimed at interrupting the so-called school to prison pipeline , for example).. In thinking about this topic for racial equity work, please also look at the sections in this site on the.. history of racism.. and on.. cultural racism.. These sections include information about ways in which the criminal justice system continues to mirror a long-standing set of policies and laws that reflect bias; i.. , they are based on a viewpoint that some racial/ethnic groups are of a criminal nature and need to be left to civilize themselves, and that others are redeemable and worthy of investment, in terms of education, housing, health, etc.. A deep understanding of the roots of the United States current highly racialized and inequitable criminal justice system can clarify new ways of imagining a more equitable one, and thus, goals and opportunities for change.. The Justice Mapping Center Web site.. The Justice Mapping Center.. The Sentencing Project.. The House I Live In.. Eugene Jarecki.. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness.. Michelle Alexander.. Criminal Injustice System Fact Sheets.. Race, Crime, and Punishment: Breaking the Connection in America.. The Aspen Institute Roundtable on Community Change.. Tipping Point: Maryland's Overuse Of Incarceration And The Impact On Public Safety.. Justice Policy Institute.. Just Kids: Baltimore's Youth in the Adult Criminal Justice System.. Wendy Hess, Public Justice Center, Laura Furr, Community Law In Action, Inc.. Kimberly Armstrong, United Parents of Incarcerated Children and Youth Susan Francis, Public Justice Center Amanda White, Public Justice Center.. America's Invisible Children Latino Youth And The Failure Of Justice.. Neelum Arya with Francisco Villarruel, Cassandra Villanueva, and Ian Augarten.. Still Haven't Shut Off the School-to-Prison Pipeline: Evaluating the Impact of Florida's New Zero-Tolerance Law.. ACLU of Florida Advancement Project Florida State Conference of the NAACP.. ‘Stand Your Ground’ Laws and Trying to Prevent the Next Trayvon Martin.. Robert M.. Cross, The Harvard Law Record.. Race, Rehabilitation, and the Private Prison Industry.. Lisa Wade.. The Criminal Injustice Series.. Critical Mass Progress.. Listening Sessions Report: A Community and Police Partnership to Eliminate Racial Profiling.. The Oregon Action Center for Intercultural Organizing, The Northwest Constitutional Rights Center, The Portland Police Bureau and The Northwest Federation of Community Organizations.. FROM REPORT CARD TO CRIMINAL RECORD: The Impact of Policing Oakland Youth.. The Black Organizing Project, Public Counsel, and ACLU-NC.. Mapping The Schoolhouse To Jailhouse Track Action Kit.. The Advancement Project.. No Turning Back: Promising Approaches to Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities Affecting Youth of Color in the Justice System.. Building Blocks for Youth Initiative.. A Plan Of Action For A Safer Memphis Community: Latinos, The Community and Police Relations.. Fuerza Latina Unida.. Reducing Racial Disparity in the Criminal Justice System: A Manual for Practitioners and Policymakers.. Introduction to the Prison Industrial Complex Workshop.. The Chicago Prison Industrial Complex Teaching Collective.. Prison Activist Resource Center.. v.. Trayvon Martin: How the System Worked.. Robin D.. G.. Kelley.. BYP100 Justice for Trayvon Toolkit.. Key Sites.. The term economic development generally refers to work aimed at increasing or diversifying the range of income and wealth generating opportunities in a given place.. The focus can be directly on jobs, attracting new businesses or workforce development.. Or, often, groups make a business case for improving education, housing, recreation and access to health care by noting the relationship of those opportunities to jobs, workforce development and the ability of a community to attract new businesses.. It is interesting to note that the way groups tend to make this kind of business case to promote efforts to improve the lives of marginalized individuals is one of the times we most clearly describe structural racism.. John Powell, the Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society and others have flipped this insight to create.. opportunity maps.. showing the overlap of demographics, access to health, employment, public transit and many other factors in a given place, as one way of helping people working on economic development to do so from a lens that promotes explicit attention to race/ethnicity and entry points (opportunities) for development, and understanding the likely systemic and population impact these factors have.. The Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity.. The Ohio State University.. An Asset-Based Community-Building Paradigm for Twenty-First Century Development.. Gar Alperovitz, University of Maryland.. ARRA & the Economic Crisis - One Year Later: Has Stimulus Helped Communities in Crisis?.. Moving To Equity: Addressing Inequitable Effects of Transportation Policies on Minorities.. Thomas W.. Sanchez, Rich Stolz, and Jacinta S.. Ma - The Civil Rights Project at Harvard University Center for Community Change.. Race, Equity, And Smart Growth: Why People Of Color Must Speak For Themselves.. Robert Bullard, Glenn Johnson, and Angel Torres.. From Urban Renewal and Displacement to Economic Inclusion: San Francisco Affordable Housing Policy 1978-2012.. Poverty and Race Research Action Council and National Housing Law Project.. Racial Equity Impact Assessments of Economic Policies and Public Budgets.. Communities of Opportunity: A Framework for a more Equitable and Sustainable Future for All.. Kirwan Institute.. The Right to The City: Reclaiming Our Urban Centers, Reframing Human Rights, and Redefining Citizenship.. Connie Cagampang Heller and Gihan Perera.. , tides foundation.. A Path: Race, Class, Power, and Organizing in East Baltimore.. Marisela B.. Gomez.. Equitable Development Toolkit.. What Does Racism Have to do with Gridlock?.. Tracy Thompson, Slate.. Racial inequity in the economic sphere is persistent and widespread.. People of color on average still have higher unemployment rates and lower wealth and incomes than white people on average, even controlling for educational status and job qualifications.. The recent recession and slow recovery has lowered effective wage rates in ways particularly devastating for people with little or no inherited cushion of wealth or access to family economic support.. It has thus exacerbated the accumulated advantages of some racial/ethnic groups and the accumulated disadvantages of others.. The recent recession and slow recovery has also shown the success of divide and conquer strategies that pit workers from different groups (including racial/ethnic groups) against each other.. For example, it has become perfectly acceptable for public officials to use terms like jobless recovery, which suggests that the country no longer assumes as a matter of course that a recovery means most people are back at work in living wage jobs.. In addition, people complain when public sector employees want to hold on to their pensions (rather than organizing to ensure pensions for all workers).. Worker rights and wages have been eroding in the U.. for some time, and there has been increased legislation in some states to eliminate labor unions.. Though the U.. Labor movement has its own racist history, the current attacks on trade unions, in which Blacks and Latinos are more likely to be union members, functions as another divide and conquer strategy that eliminates a working class network advocating for decent wages and benefits.. Thus, there is racial equity work to do on the issue of employment at every level structural, cultural, institutional and individual.. Working With Labor: A Primer, A History, A Guide.. The Praxis Project.. Uneven Pain Unemployment by metropolitan area and race.. Algernon Austin, Economic Policy Institute.. Restoring the Rights of Workers to Form Unions: A National Priority and Human Rights Imperative.. A Broken Bargain for LGBT Workers of Color.. Movement Advancement Project, et.. al.. From Jim Crow Jobs To Employment Equity How To Create Quality Jobs For Everyone.. The Center for Social Inclusion.. Community Organizing As Job Creator: An Investment That Works For All.. Gamaliel.. Hidden in Plain Sight: Workers at Baltimore's Inner Harbor and the Struggle for Fair Development.. United Workers & National Economic and Social Rights Initiative (NESRI).. Immigrant Worker Owned Cooperative: A User's Manual.. Minsun Ji and Tony Robinson,.. All the Issues in Workers' Lives: Labor Confronts Race in Stamford.. Daniel HoSang, Shelterforce Online.. Working Beyond Unions.. National Radio Project.. Railroaded out of Their Rights: How a Labor Law Loophole Prevents FedEx Express Employees from Being Represented by a Union.. New Orleans Workers' Center for Racial Justice.. Domestic Workers United.. Tenants and Workers United.. National Day Laborer Organizing Network.. Racial equity work on economic security includes attention to wealth and poverty.. Economic security is also sometimes defined as the distribution of opportunities such that individuals can meet their current basic needs, and are reasonably likely to be able to meet those needs in the future.. Economic security crosses multiple issue areas, institutions and systems.. For example, as described by the ILO (the International Labor Organization of the United Nations), economic security is composed of basic social security, defined by access to basic needs infrastructure pertaining to health, education, dwelling, information, social protection and work-related security.. This definition is helpful in two ways.. First, it suggests some of the systems and institutions where there might be entry points for changing opportunities, policies and structures towards more equitable economic security.. Second, the wording does not imply a particular set of assumptions about the mix of individual, governmental, corporate or other responsibilities for creating economic security thus opening up the imagination beyond a particular set of cultural narratives.. One way to understand racism is to note that racism is the condition by which the racial/ethnic group to which one is sorted creates both unequal opportunities, and unequal consequences for similar actions.. The interaction of those is powerful in providing unearned advantages to whites as a group, and unearned disadvantages to people of color as a group, and differently for different groups of color.. Therefore, the entry points for taking action can include the distribution of opportunities and the equalizing of consequences for the same actions.. United for a Fair Economy Web site.. Institute on Assets and Social Policy.. The Heller School for Social Policy and Management Brandeis University.. Economic Policy Institute.. Racial Equity Economic Security.. Community Action Partnership.. What Does  ...   The recent wave of immigration is receiving considerable public attention and is a source of great controversy; immigration in the early 1900 s received a similar response.. This is because once again dominant cultural definitions of racial/ethnic categories (sorting) are in flux, particularly for groups currently grouped as Hispanic or Latino/a.. The fights over immigration reform are being contested in real time and in highly visible ways, covering issues such as: what constitutes legal or illegal immigration, which children raised in the United States can stay, and which families who paid taxes to the United States will be allowed to exercise the rights and claim the benefits of voting, higher education, health care and social security.. Resources in this section document some of the equity issues facing recent (and less recent) immigrants and refugees today.. This section also provides materials on immigrant-led organizing and related civic engagement and policy reform.. National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights.. Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration.. Black Alliance for Just Immigration.. Civic Contributions: Taxes Paid by Immigrants in the Washington, DC, Metropolitan Area.. Urban Institute, Pew Hispanic Center, and Migration Policy Institute.. Injustice for All: The Rise of the U.. Immigration Policing Regime.. The New Neighbors: A Users' Guide to Data on Immigrants in U.. Communities.. Randy Capps et al.. , The Urban Institute.. The Racist Roots of the Anti- Immigration Movement.. Lee Cokorinos.. Putting Data to Work for Immigrants and Communities.. Brooks Masters, K.. Hamilton, J.. Wilson.. Refugee Resettlement in Metropolitan America.. Migration Information Source.. Shattered Families: The Perilous Intersection of Immigration Enforcement and the Child Welfare System.. Seth Freed Wessler, Applied Research Center.. History of Racism and Immigration Time Line.. Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice.. Evaluation Findings: Iintegrating Immigrants In Colorado: Accomplishments, Challenges and Lessons Learned.. The Colorado Trust.. The State of Media Coverage of Immigration 2012-2013.. What's at Stake for the State: Undocumented Californians, Immigration Reform, and Our Future Together.. Manuel Pastor and Enrico Marcelli, Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration University of Southern California.. All Together Now? African Americans, Immigrants, and the Future of California.. Manuel Pastor, Juan De Lara, and Justin Scoggins, Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration University of Southern California.. Crossing Borders, Sharing Journeys: Effective Capacity Building with Immigrant and Refugee groups.. The Nexus Project.. Crossing Boundaries, Connecting Communities: Alliance Building for Immigrant Rights and Racial Justice.. Black Alliance for Just Immigration.. Day Laborer Hiring Sites: Constructive Approaches to Community Conflict.. Los Angeles County Human Relations Commission.. Immigrant-Led Organizers in Their Own Voices: Local Realities and Shared Visions.. Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc.. Immigrants and Intergroup Relations in the 21st Century: New Challenges, New Opportunities.. Grantmakers Concerned with Immigrants and Refugees.. Lessons Learned About Civic Participation Among Immigrants.. Washington Area Partnership for Immigrants and the Community Foundation for the National Capital Region.. Miami Workers Center: Innovative Center Crosses Racial Divide to Mobilize a Community.. Michael Kay.. Opening a Dialogue: An Invitation for Community Action.. Social Justice Fund Northwest, Nonprofit Assistance Center and The Western States Center.. Crossing Borders: Building Relationships Across Lines of Difference.. Center for Community Change.. Helping Immigration Issue Experts Change the Public Conversation: A Study Circle Evaluation Brief.. Frameworks Institute.. How Mississippi's Black-Brown Strategy Beat the South's Anti-Immigrant Wave.. David Bacon, Urban Habitat.. Immigrant Rights, Racial Justice and LGBT Equality.. Racial Healing, Social Equity and Immigrant Integration in the American South: Lessons from Community Organizing for Community Philanthropy.. Manuel Pastor, Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration University of Southern California.. Black Voices Call For New Approaches To Immigration Reform.. Leah Wise and Gerald Lenoir.. Black Alliance for Just Immigration and the Southeast Regional Economic Justice Network.. Voice of Art - Migration Is Beautiful, Pt.. 1.. Favianna Rodgriguez, iamOTHER.. 2.. 3.. Immigration Reform and the Possibility of Black-Brown Coalitions among America’s Youth.. Rogowski, Black Youth Project.. Practice.. Public and underground media have always been important channels for people working to create racial equity.. With new media and social media, there are even more ways now for people to communicate, organize, disrupt and challenge dominant thinking.. There are a number of groups doing leading edge work to seize these opportunities.. One, The Praxis Project, sums up the challenges and opportunities this way (please read full discussion in.. Fair Game: A Strategy Guide for Racial Justice Communications in the Obama Era.. ).. Communications is just one tool in a plentiful toolbox we can use to advance racial justice and we ll need them all.. Transforming society, which is what is will take to create a fundamentally just and inclusive world, takes more than clever sound bites governance structures privilege certain voices and political trends in the public conversation So, we have to starting framing smart and organizing smart Unless we take on these larger, undergirding [political] structures that shape power dynamics and the socialization of people at scale, our wins will remain limited and fleeting.. The Center for Media Justice.. Progressive Communicators Network.. Echoing Justice Communication Strategies for Community Organizing in the 21st Century-Stories of Success and Innovation.. Center for Media Justice in collaboration with Movement Strategy Center.. Raise Every Voice: Strategic Communications & Progressive Change Making.. Charles Winfrey.. , Progressive Communicators Network.. Yasmin Jiwani, Stop RAcism and Hate Collective.. Racist History of American News Media.. NPR.. Media Examples.. Resources in this section cover two aspects of philanthropy issues related to the institution of philanthropy, particularly in the U.. , and ways in which philanthropy has sought to increase racial equity in some of the areas in which philanthropies work.. Racial equity issues at the institution level include understanding philanthropies as institutions of privilege, strategies and examples to interrupt and transform that privilege, and the positive and negative results of those efforts, where available.. In terms of areas of work, the resources look at some of the thinking behind major initiatives created by philanthropy explicitly to work on reducing racial inequities or promote racial equity or healing, plus results to date, where known and available.. This section also notes resources that link both issues (institutional and areas of work), such as.. , which describes how white privilege helps define the ways in which philanthropies create interventions, engage with others and evaluate work they fund, and ways things might be different.. Also, Philanthropic Initiative for Racial Equity s and Grantcraft s publication.. Grantmaking with a Racial Equity Lens.. , provides practical strategies on how to use a racial equity lens to develop new programs, understand community issues, and analyze problems, as does.. The Philanthropic Initiative for Racial Equity.. National Council on Responsive Philanthropy.. Social Justice Philanthropy: The Latest Trend or a Lasting Lens for Grantmaking? Executive Summary.. The National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy.. Short Changed: Foundation Giving and Communities of Color.. Will Pitz and Rinku Sen, Applied Research Center.. Funding America's Nonprofits: The Non-Profit Industrial Complex's Hold on Social Justice.. Jennifer Ceema Samimi, Columbia Social Work Review.. The Nonprofit Industrial Complex and Trans Resistance.. Rickke Mananzala and Dean Spade, Sexuality Research & Social Policy.. Philanthropy and Communities of Color in Oregon: from strategic investments to assessable impacts amidst growing racial and ethnic diversity contact.. Coalition of Communities of Color.. Analysis of Policies, Practices and Programs for Advancing Diversity, Equity and Inclusion Resource Guide.. Paula Dressel and Gregory Hodge, Just Partners for D5.. Lessons-Learned In Addressing Racial Equity In Foundations.. David Maurasse, Race and Equity in Philanthropy Group.. Beauty And The Beast: Can Money Ever Foster Social Transformation?.. Michael Edwards, Hivos Knowledge Programme.. Catalyzing Networks for Social Change 2011.. Community Foundations Take the Lead: Promising Approaches to Building Inclusive and Equitable Communities.. CFLeads.. Community Philanthropy and Racial Equity: What Progress Looks Like.. Effective Communities Project.. Ecosystem Grantmaking A Systemic Approach to Supporting Movement Building.. Akonadi Foundation.. What America Needs Now from Foundations.. Aaron Dorfman, National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy.. Funding Movement Building: Bay Area Approaches.. Bay Area Justice Funders Network.. Summary of Community Conversations.. Consumer Health Foundation.. Common Vision:A guide to Structural Change Grantmaking.. In many cities in the United States sprawl has contributed to substantial racial isolation.. Sprawl has come about in part through land use and other policies that have the effect of removing incentives to invest in urban areas.. Those policies, plus inequitable housing practices, impact the basic quality of life for communities of color, often via poorly resourced education, limited transportation options and having to stay in high crime areas.. Obviously, this situation creates challenges for many of our largest cities and many smaller communities.. Resources in this section all explore the concept of Regionalism; that is, the sharing of skills, policies, amenities, tax burdens and resources across municipal boundaries, in order that communities can function as cohesive entities instead of perpetuating harmful racial patterns and policies.. Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society.. African Americans and Smart Growth.. Kirwan Institute and Institute on Race and Poverty.. Edging Toward Equity: Creating Shared Opportunity in America's Regions.. Center for Justice, Tolerance, and Community.. The Segregation of Opportunities The Structure of Advantage and Disadvantage in the Chicago Region.. Leadership Council for Metropolitan Open Communities.. Shared Prosperity, Stronger Regions: An Agenda for Rebuilding America's Older Core Cities.. What's the Equity Atlas Project?.. Coalition for a Livable Future.. Transportation Equity Tools.. Building One Ohio: History, Challenges, & Opportunity for Ohio's Suburbs.. One remedy to right past and current wrongs is reparations - providing money to people to compensate for lost property, wages and opportunities for wealth accumulation among their ancestors or families, as a result of actions of their government.. For example, the German government paid reparations to its own citizens and citizens of other countries in the 1960 s, for actions taken by the German government in World War II.. The United States government paid very minimal reparations ($20,000) to American citizens of Japanese ancestry for internment during World War II.. Even lower amounts were paid in reparations ($5,000) to ethnic Japanese taken from their homes in 13 Latin American countries by the United States military to camps in Louisiana, Texas and elsewhere.. Resources in this section discuss reparations and how they might be applied to remedy the consequences of enslavement and the subsequent disadvantages that have accumulated over time to people of color as a result of U.. government policies.. The African American Reparation Action Network.. All For Reparations and Emancipation AFRE.. National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America.. Freedom, Reparations, and the Black Manifesto.. Caucasians United for Reparations and Emancipation.. Millions for Reparations.. Debate Continues Over Reparations for U.. Slavery.. What is reparation?.. Redress- EndingTorture, Seeking Justice for Survivors.. The Dilemma of Reparations.. United States Institute of Peace.. Reparations For Slavery To African-Americans.. Raymond Winbush, C-span.. Reparations for Slavery Debate.. Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs.. Making Amends: Debate Continues Over Reparations for U.. While reproductive rights are often defined as a narrow set of issues related mostly to family planning and for or against abortion, the issues are in fact much broader.. As an example, the Women Donors Network and the Communications Consortium Media Center, in their.. Moving Forward Initiative.. an effort to reframe reproductive rights in ways consistent with the stated values and interests of a majority of voters identified a variety of issues central to reproductive rights along with a particular set of policy goals:.. access to comprehensive health care for women across the life-span; inclusion of a broad definition of material health and rights within the debates over health care reform and related policy; and full access to quality, affordable contraception and reproductive health services.. And, as is true for many issues, the consequences of restrictive reproductive rights are unequally distributed by race/ethnicity.. A recent infographic from the.. Guttmacher Institute.. describes ways in which reproductive health outcomes.. reflect broader social and economic disparities.. The Institute also points out ways in which growing restrictions on reproductive rights disproportionately disadvantage women of color in the U.. , particularly by making contraception harder to access.. SisterSong Women of Color Reproductive Justice Collective.. Forward Together.. Sexual Rights as Human Rights: Informing a Domestic Reproductive Justice Agenda.. Juhu Thukral, Sara Koerber, and Annie J.. Wang, The Opportunity Agenda.. Race, Poverty, and Reproductive Rights.. Pam Chamberlain and Jean Hardisty, The Public Eye Magazine.. The Color of Choice: White Supremacy and Reproductive Justice.. Loretta Ross, SisterSong.. Reproductive Justice 101: A Select History.. A New Vision for Advancing Our Movement for Reproductive Health, Reproductive Rights and Reproductive Justice.. Race, Class, and Rights in Mississippi: How A Reproductive Justice Campaign Can Save the Pill and Save the Vote.. Growing from Groundwork: Stories & Tools from the Reproductive Justice Movement.. Movement Building Indicators.. The EMERJ Reproductive Justice Lens Toolkit.. As the Institute for Community Peace points out, violence in communities threatens not only our physical safety, it also "diminishes our sense of community and suppresses civic engagement by fostering civic distrust," making organizing around any issue much more difficult.. Boys and Young Men of Color organization.. , notes.. This violence may be manifested by systematic policies that foster disinvestment, by practices that remove jobs from communities, by historical federal and banking practices that denied bank loans to low income communities of color, by current practices that similarly deny mortgage insurance, and by taxation policy that robs communities of the tax revenue for basic services.. This violence is not interpersonal, but results in significant harm.. This definition of violence is crucial, both as a systemic injustice done to young men and boys of color and as a cause of interpersonal violence.. The resources in this section document several strategies for working towards peace and addressing the violence that persists in many communities.. Integrating Community Building and Violence Prevention.. Family Violence Prevention Fund and the Institute for Community Peace.. Literature Review: Structural Racism, the Criminal Justice System and Violence Against Women.. Gavin Kearney for the Battered Women's Justice Project.. Introduction: Native Women and State Violence.. Andrea Smith and Luana Ross, Social Justice journal.. Case Study: CONTACT Council: Newport, Tennessee.. Institute for Community Peace.. Community Violence Prevention as a Family Strengthening Strategy.. National Human Services Assembly.. Engaging Effective Violence Prevention Collaboratives.. Seattle Youth Violence Prevention Initiative.. Urban Networks to Increase Thriving Youth.. Lessons unheeded, or how not to repeat a history of violence.. Linda Bowen, Institute for Community Peace.. The United States has a long and well documented history of disenfranchising people of color politically, first by denying them the right to vote entirely, and then later through a system of public policies (i.. , Jim Crow, Voter ID laws), widespread voter intimidation, and purging registered voters from the rolls.. In addition to this, redistricting has had the effect of reducing the political power of some racial/ethnic groups, as have policies that restrict the voter rights of those convicted of felonies, at a time of deep and persistent inequities in who is arrested, charged with a felony and convicted.. Even though the 2008 Presidential election showed record numbers of people voting, specifically people of color and young people, the.. Leadership Conference on Civil Rights.. noted,.. "News reports from around the country spoke of long waits, absentee ballots not reaching voters, voter suppression and intimidation efforts, and voting machine break downs.. And these forms of intimidation have increased since that time, as evidenced by the fact that 30 states have tried to put in place picture ID requirements for voters, using an argument of voter fraud that has not been substantiated, and in fact, has been debunked.. Resources in this section document some of the current forms of voter restriction and strategies groups have used to try to address them.. Voters Rights.. Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights Under the Law.. Colorblind Policy in Black and White: Racial Consequences of Disenfranchisement Policy.. Holona Leanne Ochs, Policy Studies Journal.. Changing the Race: Racial Politics and the Election of Barack Obama.. The Disproportionate Impact of Voter ID Laws on the Electorate.. Washington Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity.. The Racial Impact of Voter Identification Laws in the 2012 Election.. Jon Rogowski, The Black Youth Project.. Youth, Race, and Voter Mobilization.. Cohen, The Black Youth Project.. Get in the Game: Civic Participation and Community Organizing.. The Miami Workers Center.. Voter Suppression in America.. ACLU.. Moments, Movements, and Momentum: Engaging Voters, Scaling Power, Making Change.. Manuel Pastor, Gihan Perera, and Madeline Wander..

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