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  • Title: Yokayo Biofuels
    Descriptive info: .. Welcome.. About.. Biodiesel.. News.. Resources.. Locations.. Contact.. Yokayo Biofuels has been supplying high quality biodiesel to Northern California since 2001.. We are committed to ecological, social, and economic sustainability.. Our biodiesel is produced in-house from locally-collected used restaurant fryer oil, which is currently the most sustainable biodiesel source available.. Concerned about media reports that biofuels are unsustainable?  ...   our.. Primer on Biodiesel Fuel.. Top.. LOCATIONS.. Office HOURS.. Yokayo Biofuels.. 150 Perry Street.. Ukiah, CA 95482.. 707.. 472.. 0900.. Monday - Friday.. 9:00am - 5:00pm.. Real Goods.. Solar Living Center.. 13771 S.. Highway 101.. Hopland, CA 95449.. Daily, including weekends.. 10am - 6pm.. Yokayo Biofuels.. 44440 Highway 101.. Laytonville, California.. Wednesdays, 10-5.. Monday — Friday.. 8:30am — 5pm..

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  • Title: About — Yokayo Biofuels
    Descriptive info: Mission.. The Yokayo Difference.. People.. History.. Press.. Job Openings.. SCROLL DOWN.. Yokayo Biofuels was formed in October of 2001 out of a desire to provide ecologically sustainable local alternatives to fossil fuels.. “Yokayo” is a Pomo Indian word meaning "deep valley".. It specifically references the area that our business operates in - the area that we call home.. The word is important because biofuels come from the biomass grown on the valley floor, rather than mined from beneath the valley floor.. In this sense, we regard biofuels as “living fuels”.. Central to our business philosophy is the idea that biofuels are “carbon neutral”.. Because they are derived from biomass that is part of an active carbon cycle (plants that have been inhaling carbon dioxide from the atmosphere), their combustion, which releases their stored carbon as carbon dioxide, does not contribute to global warming.. Nature does most of the work to manufacture these fuels.. Our job is to pick up where nature left off, and continuously find the most efficient way to make use of the limited resources that are available for producing and distributing biofuels, starting with biodiesel.. WHAT MAKES YOKAYO DIFFERENT?.. If you watch the news, you probably aren't a stranger to the concept of biodiesel- it’s a pretty hot topic these days.. Unfortunately, TV reports and news articles tend to be all over the place when it comes to biodiesel.. As a consumer or investor, you want to know what's real and what isn't.. Here are some ways in which Yokayo Biofuels has distinguished itself from the rest of the American biodiesel industry:.. We care tremendously about the health of the natural world.. We were founded back in 2001 as a biodiesel-dedicated company, based on the premise that renewable fuel is better for the environment.. We were an early adopter of recycled source biodiesel, purchasing our first tanker load back in 2002, at the first moment it became available to us.. We know what we're doing.. We've been distributing and marketing pure biodiesel as a fuel since 2001! That experience gives us a depth of knowledge that few in the industry can share.. When, as a distributor in 2003, we saw quality problems with the industry's product, we invested in our own quality control lab and began the R D to produce the fuel ourselves.. Yokayo Biofuels' production of high quality biodiesel commenced in the fall of 2005, using equipment that we developed in-house.. We are completely dedicated to the idea of a local, living economy.. We do not believe in the inherent sustainability of fuel sources such as low-yield crops that double as food (i.. e.. soybeans) or high-yield crops that compete with rainforest (i.. palm oil), and have consistently spoken out against such tactics.. We have never sold our fuel outside of Northern California, nor have we ever used oil sources that came from outside the state.. We understand the limitations of the present, and the promise of the future.. We believe that recycling used restaurant fryer oil into biodiesel is the most sustainable "starter feedstock" available to our industry at the moment, and we have seized that opportunity, servicing over a thousand restaurants in Mendocino County and the North Bay Area.. But we are also working on developing what's next (other forms of recycling, as well as high-yield crops that don't compete with food and can be grown locally).. We are vertically integrated.. We collect the oil, we make the fuel, and we deliver it into the customer's fuel tank.. That kind of directness allows us to compete with much bigger companies, even though we are small and do not benefit from their economies of scale.. We believe that small is beautiful.. We are certain that in the long run, the most intelligent form of growth for this industry will be decentralized and regional resource-based.. Rather than ship our product far and wide, we believe in shipping our business model instead.. We want you to use less fuel.. It's true.. We don't think that using biodiesel can ever solve the fuel crisis.. That will take smart growth management and a heck of a lot of conservation.. Biodiesel is a transitional fuel, but it sure is a convenient one! We rejoice that the diesel engine is so efficient, and we encourage everyone to press hard for diesel-electric plug-in hybrids.. The technology exists.. We've ridden in it!.. ***.. Content coming soon.. Kumar Plocher, the company founder and president, is an idealist, a deep ecologist, and passionately wants to change the world for the better.. In September of 2001 he quit his promising, well-paying job with a high tech company in order to pursue a more appropriate occupation.. Having learned about biodiesel in his time in Berkeley, he put in many hours of study and research and decided to start a biodiesel company.. Mendocino County, with its organic farming and environmental attitudes would prove to be the ideal place to try to sell this new alternative fuel.. It was a long shot - not only a new business, but also a new kind of business.. No one had tried to make a living distributing 100% biodiesel to end users - distribution of biodiesel had been limited to huge companies in the petrochemical industry making big deals with corporate farms in the Midwest and government entities required to use only a small percentage of the alternative fuel.. Kumar prepared a flyer with a survey on the back and left stacks of them at farm supply stores, food co-ops, and on bulletin boards.. He also had to find a fuel supplier and gather up the equipment to get started.. When he got back enough positive responses to his flyer he decided to take the leap.. He enlisted the help of Andrew Daunis, an acquaintance who had made some biodiesel on his own and had a commercial driver’s license.. They named the company Yokayo Biofuels, after the Pomo Indian word “yokayo”, which means “deep valley”, and is the basis for the modern name, “Ukiah”.. They took their first delivery of fuel, 2,800 gallons, in November 2001, and it cost them $1.. 37 per gallon.. Their task was daunting- it took 8 weeks to sell it all, using a pickup truck with a 200 gallon tank on the back and a 12 gallon per minute pump.. But they persisted, giving away samples and spreading the word, sort of like Johnny Appleseed.. They appeared on local community radio, taking calls and spreading the word through the farming community.. By March 2002 they had a commitment from Fetzer Vineyards to purchase 1,000 gallons of biodiesel, to use in their organic operations.. The company’s infrastructure was growing, and so was its credibility.. By the end of 2002 they had over 100 regular delivery customers, ranging from diesel car owners who bought 200 gallons every few months, to Thanksgiving Coffee, who ran its entire fleet on biodiesel, using hundreds of gallons per month.. Sales for the year 2002 were about 40,000 gallons.. The company moved twice that year, ending up at 150 Perry Street in Ukiah, across the street from the airport, just a few blocks from highway 101.. It had acquired 2 new custom-outfitted delivery trucks with 1,000 gallons capacity each, and Kumar and Andrew began selling fuel to drive-up customers with a makeshift pumping setup.. The wholesale cost of fuel had risen to $1.. 74 per gallon, but they figured they could become profitable if they could sell 12,000 gallons per month.. Andrew left the company in mid-2002 to pursue other ventures, and Kumar hired Sunny Beaver to run the office, manage ordering and dispatching deliveries, and do the bookkeeping.. A commercial driver was hired to handle the increasing business volume and Kumar’s father Steve Plocher, a Certified Public Accountant in San Rafael, became the company controller.. In 2003, growth continued.. First quarter sales were 23,000 gallons, and the company had its first profitable quarter ever, with both January and March showing monthly profits.. Second quarter sales were over 50,000 gallons, with new customers calling daily.. In July the company purchased a 4,500-gallon commercial fuel truck, for picking up shipments of fuel, and for future deliveries to gas stations and large farms and fleets.. By the end of 2003, monthly sales were around 15,000 gallons per month.. But wholesale prices had risen to the point that being a middleman distributor was not financially feasible.. Fuel cost had reached $1.. 94 per gallon.. It became clear that the company must produce its own fuel to be a profitable enterprise.. From the fall of 2003 thru the spring of 2004 the company sought to raise funds for the construction of a biodiesel plant in the Ukiah area, through selling shares in the corporation via a private placement offering.. It achieved about two thirds of the funding it was seeking, just over $300,000.. Tom Brewer, Yokayo’s subcontracted chemical engineer, had designed a relatively small commercial production plant, we had leased a shop, and the company was ready to order equipment.. Then, following a detailed engineering report and zoning and planning discussions with the county, it was discovered that building the plant would entail more design issues and cost significantly more than had been anticipated.. Meanwhile, the wholesale cost of fuel increased to $2.. 59 per gallon.. More than ever, there was an imperative for Yokayo Biofuels to produce its own fuel (and hence  ...   per gallon, fuel prices crashed and we had to lower our price way down just to move our product.. Our financial struggle resumed.. After a brief few months of profitability we had to lay off two persons and tighten expenses for a long period of low fuel prices.. This was the beginning of the recession.. Besides low fuel prices, restaurants weren’t selling as many French fries as before, so although the number of restaurants continued to increase, we were getting less oil from them as a whole.. But we found other oil collectors in the San Francisco area, and we were able to purchase extra waste oil at a reasonable price.. Likewise, we also lost a lot of our retail customers, as they had to make the hard choice to buy cheaper fuel in the tight economy.. So we expanded our wholesale fuel operations such that we were selling over half our fuel to Biofuel Oasis in Berkeley, a retail biodiesel station with thousands of customers.. 2009 was a year of adaptation, learning and survival.. We hired a full time chemical engineer and a part time mechanical engineer, both to make our daily operations more professional and to design a larger more efficient plant.. Toward the end of the year we added a project manager to prepare proposals, plans, and budgets for the future plant.. All our managers were getting better at running their departments and the staff was gaining more expertise at making biodiesel.. By the end of the year we were making biodiesel every single day, except for holidays.. We expected the year 2010 to be our real breakout year, where we would achieve a level of profits such that we could qualify for a big SBA loan, to purchase new equipment for the big plant upgrade.. But 2010 turned into our most difficult year ever, financially speaking.. Congress failed to renew the $1.. 00 per gallon biodiesel tax incentive that we got from the IRS.. For the previous four years, each month we would receive a check for about $30,000, and that was a large portion of our income.. That stopped January 1, 2010.. How would we survive? We had to pull out all the stops if we were going to make it.. Steve drew up budgets for various levels of production, fuel prices, and expenses that we had some control over.. We pushed production to the max and managed to increase the size of our daily batches just by increasing the speed of our mixer.. Our engineers helped a lot, and our project manager, Evan, helped us institute a new step to our biodiesel process that saved ingredients and yielded more fuel.. Our shareholders came to our rescue more than once that year, with additional equity contributions and many loans, large and small.. We had to string out many of our creditors and taxing agencies, knowing that we would get stronger and catch up with payments later.. Toward the end of the year we actually appealed to a number of banks and leasing companies, to whom we made monthly payments, to get the payments waived for a while or reduced in amount.. They were all very accommodating and we lowered our monthly cash disbursements by over $6,000 with just that program.. Then there were the Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs).. The EPA created the Renewable Fuel Standard, which requires petroleum companies to include an ever-increasing percentage of alternative fuel in their gasoline and diesel.. Companies like ours get credits for every gallon of biodiesel we sell or use.. Early in 2010 those credits were worth about 14 cents each.. However, as the biodiesel supply began to dwindle and the petroleum companies were having a harder and harder time fulfilling their quotas, that value rose.. Toward the end of the year they were worth over 50 cents.. We were making over $25,000 per month selling our RINs to petroleum companies.. The first step to our continued survival was in place.. The second would arrive with a flourish.. During our horrible 2010, we never stopped making fuel.. In fact, we never stopped trying to make and sell more than we ever had before.. This would become a very important distinguishing factor for Yokayo Biofuels when, on December 17th, after 12 months of failing to address the fate of the biodiesel industry, Congress reinstated the biodiesel tax incentive.. The fact that they made it retroactive to January 1, 2010 meant that companies like Yokayo Biofuels would come out on top over all of the high-capacity big industry players who had either shut down or greatly diminished production.. After getting nothing for 12 months, the IRS was going to owe us over $400,000.. On April 19th, 2011, the “rainbow check” arrived from the IRS, and as our bookkeeper, Sunny, walked to the bank to deposit it, a rare circumhorizontal arc “rainbow across the sky” appeared over Ukiah.. The old debts would be paid, and the remainder would go into savings.. Yokayo Biofuels was in the black.. 1/28/13.. KZYX "The Renewable Energy Hour".. 1-hr interview of Kumar Plocher by Doug Livingston and Jeff Oldham.. 12/5/12.. Ukiah Daily Journal.. Segment in K.. C.. Meadows' editor's note, about Yokayo Biofuels' campaign to save local fuel.. 11/27/12 -.. "From Deep Fried Turkey to Biodiesel".. 11/13/12 -.. KZYX "The Ecology Hour".. 1-hr interview of Kumar Plocher by Doug Mosel.. 9/19/12 -.. KMUD.. Evening News.. Feature story on our company developments (Yokayo feature is from 18:20-25:30).. 8/17/12 - KFBK 92.. 5FM 1530AM Sacramento.. Short segment on Yokayo Biofuels grant-funded project.. 8/9/12 -.. California Energy Commission.. "Energy Commission Awards Nearly $2 Million to Support Alternative Fuel Production and Vehicles.. ".. April 2012 -.. Mendocino Country Independent.. "State Fuels Local Biodiesel Plant".. 12/2/11 -.. Trucks Getting Festive for Parade.. 11/2/11 - Congressman Mike Thompson's office.. Rep.. Mike Thompson Announces Funding to Expand The Production and Avaliability of Advanced Biofuels.. 10/17/11 -.. KZYX Z.. Renewable Energy Hour with Doug Livingston and Jeff Oldham.. June 2011 -.. Homepower Magazine.. Issue #143, "The Big Picture for Biofuels".. 4/11/11 -.. Response to President Obama's Energy Security Address.. 1/2/11 -.. Lake County News.. Biofuel company uses cooking oil to create fuel.. December 2010 -.. North Bay Biz.. FAB Update: Cleaning Water and Producing Energy.. August 2010 -.. Biodiesel Magazine.. Cover story:.. "The Resilient Community Producers".. 7/14/10 -.. Davis Life Magazine.. "Man Behind the Squeegee".. July 2010 -.. BioCycle Magazine.. "Recycling Local Waste Oil and Grease into Biodiesel" (~8 MB pdf).. 2/15/10 - Mendocino Country,.. KMEC.. 1-hr show, incl.. 45 min Kumar Plocher interview.. 11/10/09 -.. 15 minute piece on Footprint Recycling and Yokayo Biofuels (~11 MB mp3 file).. 10/20/09 - Environmental Show,.. 30 min.. Kumar Plocher interview (~10 MB mp3 file).. Summer 2009 -.. biodieselSMARTER.. Yokayo: a case study.. May/June 2009 -.. Biofuels Journal.. "Kumar Plocher Profile".. (jpg).. 4/23/09 -.. "Earth Day at Mendocino College.. ".. 3/12/09 -.. "Seeking a Future".. 2/18/09 - Shaleece Haas.. "Biodiesel Grows Up".. (link to.. Vimeo.. Video).. 12/29/08 -.. Farm and Garden Show.. Audio Interview with host Debra Scott.. (15 MB mp3 download).. 7/9/08 -.. Lake County Record Bee.. "Epidendio Construction goes green".. 6/5/08 -.. CBS 5 Evening News.. "Backyard Brewers Make Fuel Amid High Gas Prices".. (video link).. 5/5/2008 -.. Voice Of America.. "Biodiesel: Fuel of the Future?" (.. audio- mp3.. ) (.. article.. ).. April 2008 -.. "From the 'VEGGIE VAN' to the Big Screen".. 3/13/2008 -.. National Biodiesel Board.. Press Release: "NBB Appoints Members to Sustainability Task Force".. 2/13/2008 -.. "Biofuels Proponent Stresses Sustainability".. 2/9/2008 -.. Press Democrat.. "Biofuel Users Say It's Still a Good Alternative".. Winter 2007 -.. Terrain Magazine.. "Elbow Grease".. July/Aug 2007 -.. "Eliminating Dust".. (pdf).. 5/1/2007 -.. Center for American Progress.. "Interview with a Biodiesel Producer, Kumar Plocher.. 3/16/2007 - Independent Coast Observer"Renewable and sustainable fuels on the minds of many".. 2/22/2007 -.. San Francisco Chronicle.. "Fueling a Revolution".. 1/12/2007 -.. "Celebration of Leaders".. July/Aug 2006 -.. GreenAmerica (fmr.. Co-opAmer).. "Powered by Veggie Oil".. August 2005 -.. "Bioneering Biodiesel".. 6/1/2005 - Mendocino Country Independent"Biodiesel strategic, practical".. Fall 2004 -.. Earth Island Journal.. "Make Fries, Not War".. 11/24/2004 - Lake County Record-Bee"A new smell on the farm".. November 2004 -.. Common Ground.. "Biodiesel Road Trip".. Wines and Vines.. "Will Biodiesel Fuel the future.. 10/27/2004 - Ukiah Daily Journal"Biofuels fans buy their cars in Ukiah".. 10/26/2004 - Ukiah Daily Journal"Ukiah making a name for biofuels".. 9/1/2004 - Pacific Sun"Gas pump Revolution".. 5/15/2004 -.. Santa Rosa Press Democrat.. "Biodiesel Touted as fuel of the Future".. March 2004 - New Settler Interview"Fry oil fuel stations".. 1/14/2004 -.. Windsor Times.. "Council considers fueling trucks with biodiesel".. 8/24/2003 - Ukiah Daily Journal"Solfest 2003 photos".. 7/4/2003 - Santa Rosa Press Democrat.. "Coffee Company turns to biodiesel".. 6/25/2003 - Ukiah Daily Journal"Biofuels gaining ground as easy energy source".. 12/31/2002 - Associated Press"Biofuel touted as alternative to foreign oil".. 9/3/2002 -.. Democracy Now!.. "alternatives to global warming" (.. 7/30/2002 - Ukiah Daily Journal"Running on Vegetable Oil".. Yokayo Biofuels is currently looking for a Commercial Driver.. ---.. Class B (or A) driver.. Renewable Energy company hiring a full time Class B or higher driver.. Requirements:.. CA Class A or B License.. Tank and Air Brake endorsements.. Knowledge of Bay Area roads.. Clean Driving Record.. Ability to Lift/Push/Pull heavy loads.. Ability to do multiple stops per day (ie get in and out of truck all day).. Preferred:.. Vacuum Pumper Experience.. Grease Trap Cleaning Experience.. Compensation: DOE.. Email.. jobs@ybiofuels.. org..

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  • Title: Biodiesel — Yokayo Biofuels
    Descriptive info: Deliveries.. Retail.. Production.. Oil Collection.. YOKAYO BIOFUELS PRICE SCHEDULE.. The following biodiesel prices are effective September 13th, 2012.. On-Road -.. $4.. 70/gal.. Includes Applicable Taxes.. Off-Road Non-Agriculture -.. 44/gal.. Semi - Tax Exempt.. Agriculture Tax Exempt -.. 03/gal.. Farm use only:.. Requires completion of form BOE-608.. YOKAYO BIOFUELS DELIVERY FEES.. Under 30 minutes to destination -.. No delivery charge.. 30-59 minutes to destination -.. 10¢/gal delivery charge.. 1 to 2 hours to destination -.. 15¢/gal delivery charge.. 2 to 3 hours to destination -.. 20¢/gal delivery charge.. Equipment.. Yokayo Biofuels has a complete inventory of products addressing all aspects of your biofuel needs.. Please.. contact us.. to discuss your needs and for help in designing and configuring your biofuel system.. Ukiah.. or.. 877.. 806.. Monday -  ...   just north of downtown Ukiah.. The cement warehouse that houses our biodiesel processor looks out upon acres and acres of wine grapes.. Perhaps one day, that land will be filled with a high-yielding oil crop.. While we currently do not offer production plant tours to the public, we do have a ".. virtual plant tour.. " 8-minute movie that you may be interested in watching.. It was made by Matt and Hemi at.. Biorevolutions.. , and takes you through the process, with images and captured sound.. Yokayo Biofuels collects used fryer oil from hundreds of restaurants and other food service facilities throughout Mendocino, Sonoma, Lake, Napa, Solano, and Marin counties.. Recycled fryer oil is widely viewed as the most ecologically sustainable biodiesel oil source currently available..

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  • Title: News — Yokayo Biofuels
    Descriptive info: Comment.. Enzymatic Process On Hold As Yokayo Biofuels Seeks New Funds To Replace California Energy Commission Grant.. May 20, 2014.. For Immediate Release: May 20, 2014.. Media Contact: Kumar Plocher –.. 707-391-4714.. MEDIA ADVISORY.. Enzymatic Process On Hold As Yokayo Biofuels Seeks.. New Funds To Replace California Energy Commission Grant.. Make Or Break Time for Sustainable Biodiesel Pioneer.. UKIAH – When Yokayo Biofuels received a $1.. 86M grant from the California Energy Commission in 2012, it was celebrated as an opportunity to create new jobs, reduce air pollution, and greatly expand the company’s impact in Northern California.. The increase in production capacity and new enzymatic process promised to add tens of thousands of dollars to the company’s monthly bottom line, guaranteeing future success.. Instead, the project may end up sinking the veteran biodiesel producer.. “When we got the grant, we doubled down on the engineering for the project to the tune of hundreds of thousands of dollars.. Meanwhile, our committed source for the $2.. 7M in matching funds was not able to follow through, and we went on a wild goose chase for new money,” says Yokayo CEO Kumar Plocher.. “At the end of the year, we were forced to  ...   gallon IRS incentive wasn't renewed for 2014.. Then the EPA broke with precedent and didn't increase the renewable fuel purchasing requirements for petroleum companies and other obligated parties.. The bottom fell out of both carbon credit markets in which we participate, and it hasn't returned.. While the former member of the National Biodiesel Board Task force on Sustainability admits that bankruptcy could be on the horizon, he believes there is something that sets his company apart.. “We have a project sitting here, waiting, that was vetted by the California government.. We have the permits from our building department.. The enzymatic process is a game-changer, delivering on the promise of a new biodiesel business model that is immune to the whims of government programs.. Plocher is focusing his search on people or companies interested in purchasing Yokayo Biofuels from its shareholders.. He can be reached at (707) 391-4714.. Yokayo Biofuels is a vertically-integrated S-Corporation that collects used deep fryer oil from more than 800 facilities in Northern California and converts it into biodiesel, which it then delivers to end users as well as several San Francisco Bay Area resellers.. The company’s fleet is entirely powered by its own biodiesel.. # # #..

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  • Title: Resources — Yokayo Biofuels
    Descriptive info: History of Biodiesel/Biofuels.. FAQs.. Links.. Glossary.. Concurrent histories of the diesel engine and biofuels are necessary to understand the foundation for today's perception of biofuels, in general, and biodiesel, in particular.. The history of biofuel is more political and economical than technological.. The process for making fuel from biomass feedstock used in the 1800's is basically the same one used today.. It was the influences of the industrial magnates during the 1920's and 1930's on both the politics and economics of those times that created the foundation for our perceptions today.. Transesterification of vegetable oils has been in use since the mid-1800's.. More than likely, it was originally used to distill out the glycerin used for making soap.. The "by-products" of this process are methyl and ethyl esters.. Biodiesel is composed of these esters.. Ethyle esters are grain based while methyl esters are wood based.. They are the residues of creating glycerin, or vice versa.. Any source of complex fatty acid can be used to create biodiesel and glycerin.. Early on, peanut oil, hemp oil, corn oil, and tallow were used as sources for the complex fatty acids used in the separation process.. Currently, soybeans, rapeseed (or its cousin, canola oil), corn, recycled fryer oil, tallow, forest wastes, and sugar cane are common resources for the complex fatty acids and their by-product, biofuels.. Research is being done into oil production from algae, which could have yields greater than any feedstock known today.. Ethanol and methanol are two other familiar biofuels.. Distillation of grain or wood, resulting in an ethyl or methyl alcohol, is the process by which these two biofuels are created.. Ethanol, made from soybeans or corn, is a common biofuel in the midwest.. The viscosity of the "original" biodiesel is lowered by adding approximately 10% methanol or ethanol to the biodiesel esters.. Methanol is prefered because there has a more reliable and predictable biodiesel reaction.. However, ethanal is less toxic and is always produced from a renewable resource.. The lower viscosity brings biodiesl in line with the viscosity requirements of today's diesel engines, making it a major competitor to petroleum based diesel fuel.. In 1898, when Rudolph Diesel first demonstrated his compression ignition engine at the World's Exhibition in Paris, he used peanut oil - the original biodiesel.. Diesel believed biomass fuel to be viable alternative to the resource consuming steam engine.. Vegetable oils were used in diesel engines until the 1920's when an alteration was made to the engine, enabling it to use a residue of petroleum - what is now known as diesel #2.. Diesel was not the only inventor to believe that biomass fuels would be the mainstay of the transportation industry.. Henry Ford designed his automobiles, beginning with the 1908 Model T, to use ethanol.. Ford was so convinced that renewable resources were the key to the success of his automobiles that he built a plant to make ethanol in the Midwest and formed a partnership with Standard Oil to sell it in their distributing stations.. During the 1920's, this biofuel was 25% of Standard Oil's sales in that area.. With the growth of the petroleum industry Standard Oil cast its future with fossil fuels.. Ford continued to promote the use of ethanol through the 1930's.. The petroleum industry undercut the biofuel sales and by 1940 the plant was closed due to the low prices of petroleum.. Despite the fact that men such as Henry Ford, Rudolph Diesel, and subsequent manufacturers of diesel engines saw the future of renewable resource fuels, a political and economic struggle doomed the industry.. Manufacturing industrialists made modifications to the diesel engines so they could take advantage of the extremely low prices of the residual, low-grade fuel now offered by the petroleum industry.. The petroleum companies wanted control of the fuel supplies in the United States and, despite the benefits of biomass fuel verses the fossil fuels, they moved ahead to eliminate all competition.. One player in the biofuel, paper, textile, as well as many other industries, was hemp.. Hemp had been grown as a major product in America since colonial times by such men as George Washington and Thomas Jefferson and has had both governmental and popular support.. Hemp's long history in civilization and the multitude of products that can be derived from this single plant has made it one of the most valuable and sustainable plants in the history of mankind.. More importantly to the biofuel industry, hemp provided the biomass that Ford needed for his production of ethanol.. He found that 30% hemp seed oil is usable as a high-grade diesel fuel and that it could also be used as a machine lubricant and an engine oil.. In the 1930's, the industrialists entered the picture.. William Randolph Hurst, who produced 90% of the paper in the United States, Secretary of Treasury, Andrew Mellon, who was a major financial backer for the DuPont Company which ha d just patented the chemical necessary to process wood pulp into paper, the Rockefellers, and other "oil barons", who were developing vast empires from petroleum, all had vested interest in seeing the renewable resources industry derailed, the hemp industry eliminated, and biomass fuels derided.. A campaign was begun to discredit hemp.. Playing on the racism that existed in America, Hurst used his newspapers to apply the name "marijuana" to hemp.. Marijuana is the Mexican word for the hemp plant.. This application along with various "objective" articles began to create a fear.. By 1937, these industrialists were able to parlay the fear they created into the Marijuana Tax Act.. This law was the precursor to the demise of the hemp industry in the United States and the resultant long reaching effect on the biofuel, petroleum and many other industries.. Within three years, Ford closed his biofuel plant.. At the beginning of World War II, the groundwork for our current perceptions of biofuels was in place.. First, the diesel engine had been modified, enabling it to use Diesel #2.. Second, the petroleum industry had established a market with very low prices for a residual product.. Third, a major biomass industry was being shut down.. Corn farmers were unable to organize at that time and provide a potential product to replace hemp as a biomass resource.. Finally, industries with immense wealth behind them were acting in concert to push forward their own agenda - that of making more wealth for themselves.. It is interesting to note that, during World War II, the United States government launched a slogan campaign, "Hemp for Victory", to encourage farmers to plant this discredited plant.. Hemp made a multitude of indispensable contributions to the war effort.. It is also interesting that, during World War II, both the Allies and Nazi Germany utilized biomass fuels in their machines.. Despite its use during World War II, biofuels remained in the obscurity to which they had been forced.. Post war brought new cars and increased petroleum use.. The petroleum industries quietly bought the trolley car systems that ran on electricity and were a major part of the transportation infrastructure system.. They dismantled them.. The trolleys were then sporadically replaced with diesel buses.. These industries also pushed the government to build roads, highways, and freeways ("the ultimate solution to all our transportation and traffic problems"), so the automobiles they produced had a place to operate.. This newly created transportation infrastructure was built with public funds, supporting and aiding the growth and strength of the petroleum, automobile, and related industries.. By the 1970's, we were dependent on foreign oil.. Our supply of crude oil, as are all supplies of fossil fuels, was limited.. In 1973 we experienced the first of two crises.. OPEC, the Middle Eastern organization controlling the majority of the oil in the world, reduced supplies and increased prices.. The second one came five years later in 1978.. As was noted in the Diesel Engine section, automobile purchasers began to seriously consider the diesel car as a option.. What is more, people began making their own biofuel.. The potential of biofuels reentered the public consciousness.. The years since have brought many changes.. Over 200 major fleets in the United States now run on biodiesl with entities such as the United States Post Office, the US Military, metropolitan transit systems, agricultural concerns, and school districts being major users.. The biodiesel produced today can be used in unmodified diesel engines in almost all temperatures.. It can be used in the individual automobile or larger engines and machines.. The base biomass comes from soybeans and corn in the Midwest with tallow from the slaughter industries becoming a third source.. Sugar cane provides the biomass for Hawaii and forest wastes are becoming a source in the Northwest.. The embargo on Cuba halted oil importation depriving it of heating oil.. They discovered that recycled fryer oil made a good biomass for fuel.. Today, the fast food industry is the one of the largest and fastest growing industries in the United States and, in fact, the world.. This industry can provide a major resource for biofuels - the recycled fryer oil.. The Veggie Van traveled 25,000 miles around the United States on recycled fryer oil as did a group of women.. In Europe at this time, there is an option for biodiesel in many gas stations and vehicles that use diesel are readily available.. Over 1000 stations in Germany alone offer biodiesel for their customers.. Over 5% of all of France's energy uses are provided by biodiesel.. Journey to Forever, a non-government organization, traveled from Hong Kong to Southern Africa producing their own biodiesel along the way and teaching the people of the small hamlets and villages how to make their own biofuel for use in their heaters, tractors, buses, automobiles, and other machines they might have.. We have the opportunity and the resources to shed our dependence on foreign oil, if we choose.. As in the 1930's, we are faced with tremendous political and economic pressure creating similar challenges.. The enormous influence of the petroleum industries and other industries that might be threatened and/or impacted by a resurgence of the renewable, biomass, and associated industries is being felt on all levels.. One only needs to look to Washington to see how that pressure is being played out.. It is a time of choice and one in which small actions can lead to greater impact.. Biodiesel remains in the political and economic arena and is playing a part in this process as the awareness alternative fuel spreads through the consciousness of the general public.. 20 Frequently Asked Questions.. (updated 1/6/11).. What do I need to do to convert my car to biodiesel?.. Will biodiesel eat the rubber in my fuel system?.. Should I replace my fuel filter before using biodiesel?.. Can I run biodiesel in a newer car? What about those with Diesel Particulate Filters (DPFs)?.. If I am on the road and cannot find Biodiesel anywhere, are there problems with using diesel again?.. How are warranties responding to biodiesel usage?.. What is biodiesel made from, besides vegetable oil?.. Should I worry about residual methanol, lye, or glycerol?.. Since you need to grow vegetable oil, is there an inherent "food vs.. fuel" cropland usage issue? Also, won't we will run out of restaurant oil pretty quick?.. I have heard that a gradual increase in biodiesel percentage in my diesel fuel is the best way to introduce biodiesel to my vehicle.. Is this true?.. Are there special storage considerations for biodiesel?.. I have read that algae can grow in biodiesel very easily.. Which is better, a gas/electric hybrid or a biodiesel vehicle?.. I am converting my bus to run on straight vegetable oil (SVO) because it does not involve all the chemicals, is considerably cheaper, and burns cleaner.. Should everyone convert to SVO?.. Will biodiesel work in kerosene heaters?.. What are some other applications for biodiesel?.. I read in a magazine that you can make biodiesel at home for 30¢ per gallon.. Why in the world would I buy it instead of making it?.. When is the price on biodiesel going to come down?.. What kind of subsidies and incentives does the biodiesel industry receive?.. How do you plan on competing with "big" oil?.. [top].. First, you need to have a diesel engine.. Any engine that runs on diesel #2 will run on biodiesel.. Other than having a diesel engine, there is nothing you need to do specifically to convert your car to biodiesel.. For pre-1994 vehicles, it is often said that you need to replace your rubber hoses with synthetic ones, but that is not necessary unless you have a leak.. Biodiesel is a solvent and, as such, it will dissolve low-grade rubber materials.. Since 1993, diesel engines and equipment have been re-designed, utilizing better, synthetic types of rubber.. If you have an older vehicle and believe you are experiencing leaks from worn rubber, you will want to replace the components with ULSD-compatible materials.. I heard that I should replace my fuel filter before using biodiesel.. What is the story?.. The idea is on the right track, but the timing is wrong.. Positive effects from biodiesel being a solvent may affect your fuel filter in time, depending on the  ...   higher increases as we aggressively use the military to protect "our" oil supply.. We think it is a safe assumption that the price of petroleum will continue to climb.. The law of supply and demand, as well as a dependency on ingredients like Methanol and KOH, tend to dictate that biodiesel will not be immune to this trend, but the more local control of its inputs, the more insulated from market pressures biodiesel's price will be.. In the last few years, tax incentives and carbon credit markets have emerged that add value to each gallon produced.. However, this is nowhere near the subsidies allocated to the petroleum industry.. Since the biofuel industry does not have the excess money to support politicians in the same fashion as our petroleum counterpart, the sole way this inequity will be changed is for you to encourage your representatives and other politicians to recognize the value of biodiesel to the economy, in combating global warming and its effect on the environment, and in eliminating global warfare.. This is where you come into the picture.. For us, this has always been a grassroots, community affair.. Your support of Yokayo Biofuels, other companies like us, and the sustainable biofuels industry in general is what will help level the playing field and make competition feasible.. We intend on remaining a local organization that utilizes community products, contributes in kind, and one that acts responsibly in the best interest of the community's sustainability and its citizens.. Biodiesel Organization/Informational Resources.. Alternative Fuels Data Center.. Biodiesel at Wikipedia.. Biodiesel Blogs.. Biofuels 4 Schools.. - Northern California.. Corvallis Grease Works.. - Corvallis, OR.. Energy Cooperative.. - Philadelphia, PA.. HowStuffWorks: Biodiesel.. Iowa Energy Center: Biomass Energy Conversion (BECON).. Iowa State University: Biodiesel Program.. Local B100.. Merrimack High School Biodiesel.. - Merrimack, New Hampshire.. Distributors List.. Retail Fueling Sites.. Nearbio.. - biodiesel supplier listings texted to your cell phone.. Piedmont Biofuels.. - spiritual biodiesel siblings in North Carolina.. SoCalBUG.. - biodiesel users group in Southern California.. Sustainable Biodiesel Alliance.. - dedicated to sustainable biodiesel certification.. Sustainable Biodiesel Summit.. - a group that meets yearly in conjunction with the National Biodiesel Board conference.. University of Idaho Biodiesel.. University of New Hampshire Biodiesel.. Veggie Avenger.. Veggie Van.. [top].. Home Brew Supplies, Processors, and Processor Plans.. B100 Supply.. - A reputable place to get information and equipment.. Murphy's Machines.. - "The best Do-it-Yourself Construction Plans on the Internet!".. Waste Oil Heating - Biodiesel Systems.. Springboard Biodiesel.. - Home of the BioPro and other innovative products- seriously, these folks are mad geniuses.. Utah Biodiesel Supply.. - "Offering innovative ways to promote, produce, and use Biodiesel.. Commercial Resources.. Ahl Motors.. - late model used diesel vehicles, for sale in Ukiah, CA.. Arctic Fox.. - equipment to winterize your fuel system.. Bently Tribology.. - biodiesel quality testing.. Biofuel Oasis.. - women-owned collective that sells biodiesel in Berkeley, CA.. BiodieselSMARTER.. - the magazine “for biodiesel brewers, by biodiesel brewers”.. Erickson Tank.. - manufacturer of excellent tank truck bodies, Quincy, WA.. Footprint Recycling.. - biodiesel producer/distributor in Arcata, CA.. John M.. Ellsworth Company.. - mail order fueling supplies.. Magellan Midstream.. McMaster Carr.. - general industrial supplies (gets stuff to you overnight at no extra charge).. Nationwide Ag.. - insurance for the biodiesel industry.. Opperman Son.. - great resource for used tank trucks.. Orange Diesel.. - biodiesel supplier for wholesale and fleet customers in the San Francisco Bay Area.. Pacific Biodiesel.. - the biodiesel industry’s oldest American company, manufacturer of small commercial production plants.. People’s Fuel.. - biodiesel supplier in San Francisco, CA.. Sigma Aldrich.. - chemicals.. TS Designs.. - ecologically-oriented organic t-shirts.. US Plastics.. - big plastic tanks.. Western Pacific Products, Inc.. - fueling supplies in CA.. Straight Vegetable Oil (SVO) Conversions-.. NOT THE SAME AS BIODIESEL.. - widely regarded as the premier SVO conversion company, based out of Germany.. Grease Car.. - Massachussetts.. PlantDrive.. - Berkeley, CA.. Historical Resources.. History Pages from our old website, compiled by Reece Foxen:.. History of Diesel.. History of Biofuels.. Federation of American Scientists Military Analysis Network: Diesel Engines.. - Discussion of the impact of the diesel engine on the Navy and its ships propulsion systems as well as basic workings of a diesel engine and its effectiveness.. Frontier Trails.. - History on use of steam engines and later diesel engines in the mines of the Old West.. Tiscali Motoring.. - History into present of use of diesel engines in automobiles.. Other Resources.. Business Alliance for Local Living Economies.. Co-op America.. - green listings; Yokayo Biofuels is a member.. Earth Island Institute.. Ecology Center.. Ecopalooza.. - a web portal and event calendar for the promotion of green living expos, fairs, festivals, conferences, workshops and sustainability events throughout North America.. Global Exchange.. Hemp Car.. Home Power.. - magazine dedicated to leaving a lighter carbon footprint.. Hot Buttered Rum String Band.. - biodiesel-powered bluegrass.. HowStuffWorks: Diesel Engine.. National Renewable Energy Laboratory.. Natural Resources Defense Council.. New Leaf Paper.. Post Carbon Institute.. Solar Energy International.. Solar Living Institute.. - Hopland, CA.. Yes! Magazine.. Alternative Fuel.. - Sustainable, non-petroleum fuel with energy, security, and environmental benefits.. Examples include methanol, denatured ethanol, natural gas, hydrogen, electricity from solar, hydro, or wind energy.. ASTM.. - The American Society for Testing Materials is a non-profit organization that has created standards, referred to as ASTM specifications, for commercial biodiesel.. ASTM's "Standard Specifications for Biodiesel Fuel (B100) Blending Stock for Distillation Fuels," D6751-02, includes results and measurable fuel qualities as well as testing methods.. - Biodiesel is composed of monoalkyl esters (methyl/ethyl esters), a long chain of fatty acids derived from renewable lipid sources.. It is an ester based, renewable fuel made from vegetable oils, recycled fryer oils, tallow and other biological products which have had their viscosity reduced using a process called tranestrification, by which glycerin (thick component of vegetable oil) is removed.. Biodiesel is biodegradable, non-toxic, and essentially free of sulfur and aromatics.. Originally biodiesel was considered a by-product of glycerin soap production.. Biodiesel Blend.. - Blend of biodiesel and diesel fuels.. The blend can be with Diesel #1, Diesel #2, or JP8.. One standard blend that meets the minimum requirements of the federal EPAct clean air criteria is B20.. The number after "B" indicates the percentage of biodiesel included in the blend.. In B20, there would be 20% biodiesel and 80% diesel in the fuel blend.. A biodiesel blend can come in any mixture percentage, i.. , B2, B5, B50, B85 and so on.. Biofuel.. - Alcohols, esters, ethers, and other chemicals (biodiesel, ethanol, and methane) made from cellulosic biomass sources or organic matter (herbaceous and woody plants, animal fats, agricultural and forest waste, or municipal solid and industrial waste) within an active carbon cycle.. Production and combustion of biofuels take and replenish the CO² in a circular, sustainable fashion.. These fuels are used for stationary and mobile applications, i.. , electricity and transportation.. Two commonly used biofuels are ethanol and biodiesel.. Biomass.. - Plant material, vegetation, tallow and other animal fats, or other agricultural and forest wastes used as fuel or energy sources.. Biomass also includes municipal solid and industrial wastes and crops grown solely for energy purposes.. B100.. - B100 indicates that the biodiesel is pure biodiesel since it is 100% biodiesel.. See Biodiesel Blend for explanation of B and 100.. Cetane Number.. - A measure of ignition quality of diesel fuel.. The higher the cetane number, the easier the fuel ignites when it is injected into the engine.. Diesel #1 and Diesel #2.. - Diesel #1 is also called kerosene and is not generally used as a fuel oil in diesel vehicles.. Diesel #1 has a lower viscosity (it is thinner) than Diesel #2.. Diesel #2 is the typical diesel vehicle fuel.. Biodiesel replaces Diesel #2 or a percentage.. Esters.. - Methyl and ethyl esters produced from any vegetable (hemp, corn, soybean, sunflower) or tree (almond, walnut, palm, coconut) oils, animal fats (beef tallow), used oils (recycled fryer oils) or other fat sources from organic compounds.. Esters are formed by combining an acid with an alcohol and eliminating the water.. In the biodiesel reaction, esters are formed as a result of combining fatty acids and methanol or ethanol.. See Transesterification.. Ethanol - Ethyl alcohol.. - also known as "grain alcohol.. " Not commonly used in making biodiesel because of its low reactivity (higher quantity required) than menthanol.. Usually made from corn as a by-product of the feed industry, but can be produced from numerous other feedstocks (i.. hemp or artichoke).. There is a lot of interest in commercial biodiesel from ethanol because it can be produced more sustainably.. Today ethanol is blended with gasoline as an "extender" and "octane enhancer".. E10 is 10% ethanol.. Ethanol can replace more harmful gasoline additives such as MTBE.. Feedstock.. - The source of the oil used to make biodiesel, commonly denoted as "_______methyl/ethyl esters.. " Rapeseed Methyl Esters (RME), Soy Methyl Esters (SME), and Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) are variants of biodiesel produced from different feedstocks.. Flashpoint.. - The lowest temperature in °C at which a liquid will produce enough vapor to ignite, if the vapor is flammable.. The lower the flashpoint, the higher the risk of fire.. Biodiesel has an abnormally high flashpoint (for a fuel), making it very safe to handle and store.. Where diesel #2's flashpoint is standardized at 60°-80° C, biodiesel's standard is 100°-170° C.. Fluorinated Polyethylene/Polypropylene.. - Two types of plastic that have been specially modified to withstand certain chemicals, including biodiesel.. Fossil Fuel.. - A hydrocarbon deposit, such as petroleum, coal, or natural gas, derived from living matter of a previous geologic time and used for fuel.. Production and combustion of fossil fuels dump large amounts of CO² into the air that were not meant to be unearthed, resulting in a non-sustainable formation of the "Greenhouse Effect", which is destructive to all life on earth.. Glycerin.. - The "thick" component of all biodiesel feedstocks.. It is separated from the esters during the biodiesel reaction process, combining together with the catalyst to form glycerin soap, the by-product of making biodiesel.. High Compression Ignition Engine.. - Also know as a Diesel engine.. Unlike gasoline engines which use a spark plug to ignite the fuel, there is no external ignition spark in a high compression engine.. Air is compressed, driving its temperature up to a point that it ignites fuel which has been injected into the chamber.. Hydrocarbons.. - Compounds containing various combinations of hydrogen and carbon atoms (see VOCs).. Hydrocarbons contribute heavily to smog.. Lubricity.. - The "smoothness" of a fuel which affects wear-and-tear on the engine.. The higher the lubricity, the easier a fuel can move through an engine, resulting in longer engine life.. Lubricity is measured as "kinetic viscosity.. " Biodiesel is known for its lubricity.. Methanol.. - Methyl alcohol, also known as "wood alcohol," is commonly used in biodiesel for its reactivity.. Generally, it is easier to find than ethanol.. Sustainable methods of production are currently not economically viable.. Usually, methyl alcohol is a by-product of the petroleum industry, and is often used as a "racing fuel.. Mutagenicity.. - The property of chemical or physical agents inducing changes in genetic material that are transmitted during cell division.. Fundamentally, a measure of cancer risk.. The mutagenicity of biodiesel emissions is 75% - 90% less than its petroleum counterpart.. Nitrile.. - Also called "Buna-N.. " Nitrile is a low grade rubber common in older vehicles' fuel systems and is not as ideal for use with biodiesel as the higher grade synthetics.. For this reason, it is recommended that nitrile and natural rubber fuel system components be replaced with more suitable fluoropolymers.. NREL.. - The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, responsible for our government's alternative fuel research.. See.. www.. nrel.. gov.. Particulates.. - Very small liquid and solid particles floating in the air.. A component of smog.. Renewable Energy.. - Designated commodity or resource, such as solar energy, biodiesel fuel, or firewood, that is inexhaustible or replaceable by new growth.. Silicon and Teflon.. - Fluoropolymers that can withstand high heat, especially useful in replacing older rubber fuel lines.. Transesterification.. - The process by which the vegetable oil molecule is "cracked" and the glycerin is removed, resulting in glycerin soap and methyl/ethyl esters (biodiesel).. Organic fats and oils are triglycerides which are three hydrocarbon chains connected by glycerol.. The bonds are broken hydrolyzing them to form free fatty acids.. These fatty acids are then mixed or reacted with methanol or ethanol forming methyl or ethyl fatty acid esters.. The mixture separates and settles out leaving the glycerin on the bottom and the methyl/ethyl ester or biodiesel on the top.. The glycerin is then used for soap or any one of several hundred other products and the biodiesel is filtered and washed to be used as a fuel in a diesel engine.. Viton.. - The most recommended fluoropolymer for replacing nitrile or natural rubber in older vehicles' fuel systems.. It is very similar in functionality and appearance to rubber.. VOCs.. - Stands for Volatile Organic Compounds.. Carbon containing compounds that evaporate into the air (see hydrocarbons).. VOCs are a major component of air pollution, and are beginning to receive public attention as more and more products labeled "Low VOCs" hit the market..

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  • Title: Locations — Yokayo Biofuels
    Descriptive info: Retail Pump Locations.. or 877.. Wednesdays - 10-5..

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    Descriptive info: Contact Us.. Oil Collection, toll free.. (877) 804-1900.. Email:.. paul@ybiofuels.. Biodiesel Sales, toll free.. (877) 806-0900.. michael@ybiofuels..

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  • Title: Enzymatic Process On Hold As Yokayo Biofuels Seeks New Funds To Replace California Energy Commission Grant — Yokayo Biofuels
    Descriptive info: by.. Paul Taylor..

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