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    Archived pages: 11 . Archive date: 2014-06.

  • Title: Welcome to the Homepage of the Zangger Committee!
    Descriptive info: .. Skip to search.. Skip to site navigation breadcrumb.. Skip to site navigation.. Skip to left content area.. Skip to main content area.. Anmelden.. Our Mission.. History.. Members.. Zangger Committee and NPT.. Outreach.. Publications.. Contact us.. Links.. Disclaimer.. Welcome to the Homepage of the Zangger Committee!..  .. Our Committee, named after its first Chairman Prof.. Claude Zangger, was formed following the coming into force of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (.. NPT.. ), to serve as the faithful interpreter of its Article III, paragraph 2, to harmonize the interpretation of nuclear export control policies for NPT Parties.. The Committee has been focussing on what is meant in Article III.. 2 of the Treaty by especially designed or prepared equipment or material for the processing, use or production of special fissionable material.. The Zangger Committee maintains a Trigger List (triggering safeguards as  ...   the understandings of the Committee.. The Trigger List and the Zangger Committee's understandings are published by the.. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).. in the INFCIRC/209 series.. The first Chairman of the Committee, Dr.. Claude Zangger of Switzerland, was succeded by Mr.. Ilkka Mäkipentti of Finland, Dr.. Fritz W.. Schmidt of Austria, and Dr.. Pavel Klucký of the Czech Republic.. Current Chairman, since November 2010, is Mr.. Shawn Caza of the Canadian Mission in Vienna.. Professor Claude Zangger, the first Chairman of the Committee, passed away on 16 September 2009, shortly after his 83rd birthday.. Professor Zangger´s work in the field of nuclear non-proliferation, his expertise and knowledge were deeply appreciated and recognized.. Thus his work contributed to world peace and security.. Letzte Änderung am: 11.. 11.. 2013 10:11.. Nein.. (c) 2002 by BMWFJ , A-1011 Wien, Stubenring 1, Tel.. +43/0/800 240-258..

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  • Title: Our Mission
    Descriptive info: zanggercommittee.. org.. :.. Our Mission.. The Zangger Committee, also known as the NPT Exporters Committee , essentially contributes to the interpretation of article III, paragraph 2, of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (.. ) and thereby offers guidance to all parties to the Treaty.. Article III, paragraph 2, of the NPT performs a vital function in helping to ensure the peaceful use of nuclear material and equipment.. Specifically, it provides:.. Each State Party to the Treaty undertakes not to provide: (a) source or special fissionable material, or (b) equipment or material especially designed or prepared for the processing, use, or production of special fissionable material, to any non-nuclear-weapon State for peaceful purposes,  ...   equipment to non-nuclear-weapon States unless the export is subject to.. safeguards.. By interpreting and implementing article III, paragraph 2, the Zangger Committee helps to prevent the diversion of exported nuclear items from peaceful purposes to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, and thereby furthers the objectives of the Treaty and enhances the security of all States.. As circumstances are changing with respect to the use of nuclear technology, it is the Zangger Committee's mission within the framework of the NPT to take account of changing security aspects and to adapt export control conditions and criteria from time to time according to the needs.. Letzte Änderung am: 13.. 01.. 2010 11:12..

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  • Title: History
    Descriptive info: History.. Between 1971 and 1974, a group of 15 States - some already parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation-Treaty (.. ), others prospective parties - held a series of informal meetings in Vienna chaired by Professor Claude Zangger of Switzerland.. As suppliers or potential suppliers of nuclear material and equipment, their objective was to reach a common understanding on:.. (a) the definition of what constituted equipment or material especially designed or prepared for the processing, use or production of special fissionable material (as it was not defined anywhere in the Treaty);.. (b) the conditions and procedures that would govern exports of such equipment or material in order to meet the obligations of article III, paragraph 2 of the NPT, on a basis of fair commercial competition.. The group, which came to be known as the Zangger Committee, decided that its status was informal and that its decisions would in themselves not be legally binding upon its members.. Decisions of the Committee are taken by consensus.. In 1972, the Committee reached consensus on basic understandings contained in two separate memoranda.. These memoranda form the guidelines of the Zangger Committee today.. Each memorandum defines and provides for procedures for the export of materials and equipment described in article III, paragraph 2; the first memorandum on source and special fissionable material (article III, para.. 2 (a)), the second on equipment and  ...   (c) Source or special fissionable material, and equipment and non-nuclear material shall not be re-exported to a non-nuclear-weapon State unless the recipient State accepts safeguards on the re-exported item.. The understandings were formally accepted by individual States members of the Committee in an exchange of notes among themselves.. These amounted to unilateral declarations that the Understandings would be given effect through respective domestic export control legislation.. In parallel with this procedure, most member States wrote identical letters to the Director General of the IAEA informing him of their decision to act in conformity with the conditions set out in the Understandings and asking him to communicate their decision to all States members of the IAEA.. He did so in.. INFCIRC/209.. , dated 3 September 1974.. The two memoranda became known as the trigger list , since the export of listed items triggers IAEA safeguards.. Attached to the trigger list is an annex clarifying , or defining, the equipment and material of memorandum B in some detail.. The passage of time and successive developments in technology have meant that the Committee is periodically engaged in considering possible revisions to the trigger list, and the original annex has thus become increasingly detailed.. To date, eight clarification exercises have taken place.. Clarifications are conducted on the basis of consensus, using the same procedure followed in the adoption of the original understandings..

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  • Title: Members
    Descriptive info: Members.. The - currently 39 - Member States of the Zangger Committee are:.. Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Croatia,.. Czech.. Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Republic of Korea, Luxemburg, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom and United States of America.. The European Union is permanent observer.. For links to national websites,.. click here..

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  • Title: Zangger Committee and NPT
    Descriptive info: Zangger Committee and NPT.. At the first Review Conference of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (.. ) in 1975, a brief paragraph in the final document referenced the work of the Zangger Committee without naming it.. This paragraph stated:.. With regard to the implementation of article III, paragraph 2 of the Treaty, the Conference notes that a number of States suppliers of material or equipment have adopted certain minimum, standard requirements for IAEA safeguards in connection with their exports of certain such items to non-nuclear-weapon States not party to the Treaty (.. IAEA document INFCIRC/209/Rev.. 2.. ).. The Conference attaches particular importance to the condition established by those States, of an undertaking of non-diversion to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, as included in the said requirements.. In 1980, the Review Conference produced no consensus final document.. However, in 1985, the Final Document contained a short reference to the Committee's activities, again without naming it.. This time the Conference in effect endorsed the main activity of the Zangger Committee by indicating that further improvement of the trigger list should take account of advances in technology.. In 1990, the Zangger Committee was mentioned by name and the conference provided a brief description of its aims and practices.. While the Conference did not adopt a final document, Main Committee II agreed on language pertaining to a number of ideas and proposals concerning the implementation of the Treaty in the areas of the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and safeguards.. Main Committee II observed that Zangger Committee members had met regularly to coordinate the implementation of article III, paragraph 2, and had adopted nuclear supply requirements and a trigger list.. It  ...   group noted that a number of States suppliers had formed an informal group known as the Zangger Committee and had adopted certain understandings.. It invited States to consider applying these understandings and recommended that the list of items and the procedures for implementation be reviewed from time to time.. The working group further noted that the application by all States of the understandings of the Zangger Committee would contribute to the strengthening of the non-proliferation regime.. At the same time, it called for international consultations among all interested States.. The Conference approved,.. inter alia.. , decision 2, which contains a set of Principles and Objectives for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament , and decision 1, which provides the basis for the adopted Strengthening of the Review Process for the Treaty of the implementation of the Treaty.. Decision 2 contains several principles of particular relevance to the work of the Zangger Committee, in the fields of safeguards and export controls.. In particular, principle 17 calls upon all States to promote transparency in nuclear-related export controls through cooperation and dialogue.. Members of the Committee have worked to promote transparency through international seminars and other forms of dialogue.. At the 2000 NPT Review Conference, language on the Zangger Committee was negotiated in a working group on export controls, established by Main Committee II, as part of a wider package, which contained thoughts for the improvement of dialogue and cooperation, comprising also elements of coordination in the framework and with the participation of the IAEA.. This reference to the Zangger Committee became linked to other issues not related to export controls.. The Conference ended before agreement could be reached on these issues..

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  • Title: Outreach Programme
    Descriptive info: Outreach Programme.. In Fall 2001, the Zangger Committee decided to launch an outreach programme between the Zangger Committee and third countries.. The outreach programme has three objectives:.. 1.. To build a strong and sustainable relationship between the Zangger Committee and third countries.. 2.. To increase the transparency of the activities of the Zangger Committee, by explaining its role, purpose and functions, in particular its role as technical interpreter of article III.. 2 of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).. 3.. To provide opportunities for open dialogue  ...   Zangger Committee wishes to underline that:.. The outreach programme reflects the fact that the Zangger Committee is a technical body with a remit to interpret article III.. 2 of the NPT and as such outreach will not be a political dialogue.. The programme is restricted to States parties to the NPT.. The programme is informal.. Subjects for discussion include:.. The role and purpose of the Zangger Committee.. The trigger list and its clarification.. Conditions of supply.. Membership of the Zangger Committee.. The Zangger Committee and NPT conferences.. 2010 13:23..

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  • Title: Publications
    Descriptive info: Publications.. Zangger Understandings:.. basic document: INFCIRC/209/Rev.. 2.. English.. - also available in:.. Arabic.. Chinese.. French.. Russian.. Spanish.. modifications published 4 Feb.. 2008: INFCIRC/209/Rev.. 2/Mod.. 1.. corrections published 6 July 2009: INFCIRC/209/Rev.. 2/Corr.. Other Publications by the Committee:.. 2000 Multilateral nuclear supply principles of the Zangger Committee:.. NPT/CONF.. 2000/17 (.. pdf, 53 KB.. 2001 Press Statement: 30 years Zangger Committee (.. pdf, 60 KB.. 2004 Statement regarding UNSC Resolution 1540 (.. pdf, 13 KB.. 2004 Communication to the Chairman of the 1540 Committee (.. pdf, 204 KB.. 2005 Multilateral nuclear supply principles of the Zangger Committee:.. 2005/WP.. 15 (.. pdf, 43 KB.. 2008 Working Paper for  ...   KB.. Publications by Chairman Dr.. Schmidt:.. The Nonproliferation Review/Fall 1994 (.. pdf, 30 KB.. The Nonproliferation Review/Fall-Winter 2000 (.. IAEA Bulletin, March 2005 (.. pdf, 157 KB.. Statements by Austria in the NPT Review Process:.. 2002 PrepCom Cluster 2 (.. pdf, 22 KB.. 2003 PrepCom Cluster 2 (.. pdf, 20 KB).. 2003 PrepCom Cluster 2 Special Time (.. pdf, 23 KB.. Statements by the Czech Republic in the NPT Review Process:.. 2007 PrepCom Cluster 2 (.. Working Papers by the European Union in the NPT Review Process:.. 2009 EU Working Paper on Forward Looking Proposals (.. pdf, 255 KB.. Letzte Änderung am: 18.. 10.. 2013 09:33..

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  • Title: Contact us
    Descriptive info: Contact us.. Chairman of the Committee:.. Mr.. Shawn Caza.. Councellor.. Permanent Mission of Canada to the International Organizations in Vienna.. Laurenzerberg 2.. A-1010 Vienna.. AUSTRIA.. Tel.. (+43 1) 531 38 - 3803.. FAX (+43 1) 531 38 - 3903.. Mobile (+43 ) 664 - 3902429.. E-mail.. Shawn.. Caza@international.. gc.. ca.. Secretary of the Committee:.. Ms Sue Vierny.. First Secretary.. UK Permanent Mission to the United Nations in Vienna.. Jauresgasse 12.. A-1030 Vienna.. (+43 1) 716 13 - 4297.. FAX (+43 1) 716 13 - 4900.. E-Mail.. susan.. vierny@fco.. gov.. uk.. Internet.. www.. uk/government/world/organisations/united-kingdom-mission-to-the-united-nations.. Letzte Änderung am: 15.. 07.. 2013 12:54..

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  • Title: Links
    Descriptive info: Links.. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.. International Atomic Energy Agency.. Nuclear Suppliers Group.. Wassenaar Arrangement.. Australia Group.. Missile Technology Control Regime.. 2010 11:13..

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  • Title: Disclaimer
    Descriptive info: Disclaimer.. The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the Zangger Committee as a whole, or of the Zangger Committee Chair, the standing authority.. Neither the Zangger Committee, nor the Zangger Committee Chair, nor the host of the website makes any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accurancy, completeness, or adequacy  ...   damage a person may suffer because that person has directly or indirectly relied on any information stored on this site.. The documents posted on this server may contain hypertext links or pointers to information created and maintained by other public or private organisations.. These links and pointers are provided for the user's convenience.. Inclusions of links should not be construed as an endorsement or recommendation..

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  • Title: List of Members
    Descriptive info: List of Members.. List of Members.. Links to Zangger Committee Members.. Argentina.. Australia:.. DECO - Defence Export Control Office.. Austria:.. BMWFJ - Federal Ministry of Economy, Family and Youth: Export Controls.. Belarus.. Belgium.. Bulgaria:.. Interministerial Commission for Export Control and Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction.. Canada.. China.. Croatia:.. Licensing Authority: State Office for trade policy.. Policy issues and Coordination: Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, Division for International Security.. Czech Republic:.. SUJB - State Office for Nuclear Safety.. Licensing Office, Ministry of Industry and Trade.. Denmark:.. EBST - Danish Enterprise and Construction Authority: Export Controls.. Finland.. France.. Germany:.. BAFA - Federal Office of Economics and Export Control.. Greece..  ...   Security Export Control Policy Division, Trade Control Department.. Kazakhstan.. Republic of Korea.. Luxembourg:.. Office de Licences.. The Netherlands:.. Dutch.. New Zealand.. Norway.. Poland.. Portugal.. Romania:.. ANCEX.. Russian Federation.. Slovakia.. Slovenia.. South Africa.. Spain:.. Secretaría de Estado de Comercio (Subdirección General de Comercio Exterior de Material de Defensa y de Doble Uso).. Sweden:.. SSM - Swedish Radiation Safety Authority.. ISP - National Inspectorate of Strategic Products.. Switzerland:.. SECO - Staatssekretariat für Wirtschaft.. Turkey.. Ukraine.. State service of export control.. United Kingdom:.. Foreign Commonwealth Office.. BIS Export Control Organisation.. United States of America.. European Union (permanent observer):.. European External Action Service: sanctions.. European Commission, Directorate General for Trade: Dual-Use.. 2013 11:05..

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  • Archived pages: 11